Nuclear Science

Nuclear Energy Agency

1990-0643 (online)
1990-0651 (print)
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A series of publications from the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency on various aspects of nuclear science. The publications in this series (analytical reports and proceedings) provide research results and technical expertise in basic disciplines such as nuclear and radiation physics, thermal hydraulics, neutronics, fuel chemistry and material science which are needed to maintain a high level of performance and safety and to develop nuclear programmes.

Shielding Aspects of Accelerators, Targets and Irradiation Facilities - SATIF 10

Shielding Aspects of Accelerators, Targets and Irradiation Facilities - SATIF 10

Workshop Proceedings, Geneva, Switzerland 2-4 June 2010 You do not have access to this content

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04 Jan 2011
9789264096509 (PDF) ;9789264034679(print)

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Particle accelerators have evolved over the last decades from simple devices to powerful machines, and are having an increasingly important impact on research, technology and daily life. Today they cover a wide range of applications including material science and medical applications. In recent years, requirements from new technological and research applications have emerged while the number of accelerator facilities in operation, being commissioned, designed or planned has significantly grown. Their parameters (such as the beam energy, beam currents and intensities, and target composition) vary widely, giving rise to new radiation shielding aspects and problems. 

Particle accelerators must be operated in safe ways to protect operators, the public and the environment. As the design and use of these facilities evolve, so must the analytical methods used in the safety analyses. These workshop proceedings review the state of the art in radiation shielding of accelerator facilities and irradiation targets. They also evaluate progress on the development of modelling methods used to assess the effectiveness of such shielding as part of safety analyses.

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Table of Contents

Executive summary
Session I Source term and related topics, Chair: N. Mokhov
-Production of neutrons and spallation products by high-energy particle beams by T. Nakamura
-Shielding studies for superconducting RF cavities at Fermilab by C. Ginsburg, I. Rakhno
-Characterisation of quasi-monoenergetic neutron energy spectra using 7Li(p,n) reactions at 246-389 MeV by Y. Iwamoto, M. Hagiwara, D. Satoh, H. Iwase, H. Yashima, T. Itoga, T. Sato, Y. Nakane, H. Nakashima, Y. Sakamoto, T. Matsumoto, A. Masuda, J. Nishiyama, A. Tamii, K. Hatanaka, C. Theis, E. Feldbaumer, L. Jaegerhofer, C. Pioch, V. Mares, T. Nakamura
-Bonner sphere measurements in quasi-monoenergetic p-Li neutron fields of 243 and 387 MeV by V. Mares
-Neutron energy spectrum from 120 GeV protons on a thick copper target by N. Shigyo, T. Sanami, T. Kajimoto, Y. Iwamoto, M. Hagiwara, K. Saito, K. Ishibashi, H. Nakashima, Y. Sakamoto, H-S. Lee, E. Ramberg, A.A. Meyhoefer, R. Coleman, D. Jensen, A.F. Leveling, D.J. Boehnlein, K. Vaziri, N.V. Mokhov
-Perturbation of phase space downstream by parameters upstream by M.P.W. Chin
-Shielding assessment for the ELI high-intensity laser beamline facility in the Czech Republic by A. Ferrari, T. Cowan, D. Margarone, J. Prokupek, B. Rus
-Shielding aspects of the new nELBE photo-neutron source by A. Ferrari, R. Beyer, E. Birgersson, J. Claussner, E. Grosse, R. Hannaske, A. Junghans, T. Kögler, I. Kösterke, R. Massarczyk, A. Matič, K-D. Schilling, G. Schramm, R. Schwengner, A. Wagner, F.P. Weiss,
-Dealing with MegaWatt beams by N.V. Mokhov
Session II Induced radioactivity, Chair: S. Roesler
-Activation calculations in accelerator environments an overview by F. Gallmeier
-Studies for a H0/H dump for the CERN Linac4: Energy deposition, induced radioactivity and BLM signal by R. Versaci, A. Mereghetti, M. Silari, R. Chamizo
-Activation and beam-loss criteria for "hands-on" maintenance on heavy ion accelerators by I. Strasic, E. Mustafin,l N. Sobolevsky, M. Pavlovic and V. Chetverkova, V. Chetvertkova
-Neutron double differential distributions, dose rates and specific activities from accelerator components irradiated by 50-400 MeV protons by F. Cerutti, N. Charitonidis, M. Silari
-Activation studies on benefit of the selection of the ESS target concept by D. Ene
-Nuclide inventory in proton-irradiated lead: Comparison of simulation and measurement by D. Kiselev, Y. Dai, S. Lüthi, J. Neuhausen, D. Schumann, P.W. Kubik, H-A. Synal, V. Alfimov
-Activation studies for a beta-beam decay ring: Residual dose rates during maintenance and airborne activity by S. Trovati, M. Magistris
-Radiation protection aspects of the SPES project at LNL by L. Sarchiapone, D. Zafiropoulos
-Estimates of radiation levels in the main linac tunnel and drive beam dump caverns for the CLIC design study by S. Mallows, T. Otto
-The EURISOL Multi-MW Target Unit: Radiological protection and radiation safety issues by Y. Romanets, R. Luís, O. Alyakrinskiy, M. Barbui, J. Bermudez, J-C. David, D. Ene, I. Gonçalves, Y. Kadi, C. Kharoua, F. Negoita, R. Rocca, L. Tecchio, P. Vaz
-Activation and neutronics studies for the CERN n_TOF facility with the FLUKA Monte Carlo code by E. Lebbos, M. Brugger, M. Calviani, P. Carbonez, P. Cennini, A. Ferrari, R. Losito, M. Pangallo, V. Vlachoudis, n_TOF Collaboration
Session III Benchmarking code/code and code/experimental data, Chair: H. Nakashima
-Monte Carlo benchmarking: Validation and progress by P. Sala
-Intercomparison of medium-energy neutron attenuation in iron and concrete (8) by H. Hirayama (on behalf of the Attenuation Length Sub-Working Group in Japan)
-JASMIN: Japanese-American study of muon interactions and neutron detection by H. Nakashima, N.V. Mokhov, Y. Kasugai, N. Matsuda, Y. Iwamoto, Y. Sakamoto, A.F. Leveling, D.J. Boehnlein, K. Vaziri, T. Sanami, H. Matsumura, M. Hagiwara, H. Iwase, S. Ban, H. Hirayama, T. Nakamura, K. Oishi, N. Shigyo, H. Arakawa, T. Kajimoto, K. Ishibashi, H. Yashima, S. Sekimoto, N. Kinoshita, H-S. Lee, K. Niita
-Verification of Monte Carlo transport codes FLUKA, MARS and SHIELD by V. Chetvertkova, E. Mustafin, I. Strasik, L. Latysheva, N. Sobolevsky, U. Ratzinger
-Benchmark experiment of neutron penetration through iron and concrete shields using 243 and 387 MeV quasi-monoenergetic neutrons,  Part I: Measurement and calculation of neutron depth-dose distribution by H. Iwase, M. Hagiwara, Y. Iwamoto, D. Satoh, H. Yashima, T. Matsumoto, J. Nishiyama, A. Masuda, H. Harano, T. Sato, Y. Nakane, T. Itoga, C. Theis, E. Feldbaumer, L. Jaegerhofer, C. Pioch, V. Mares, Y. Sakamoto, H. Nakashima, A. Tamii, T. Nakamura
-Secondary radiation measurement at BigRIPS of RIKEN RIBF by Y. Uwamino, H. Mukai, R. Higurashi-Hirunuma, A. Akashio, H. Fukuda, H. Sakamoto, A. Yoshida, K. Yoshida
-A new benchmark of spallation models by J-C. David, D. Filges, F. Gallmeier, M. Khandaker, A. Konobeyev,S. Leray, G. Mank, A. Mengoni, R. Michel, N. Otuka, Y. Yariv
-Measurement and simulation of radionuclide product yields in iron from 400 AMeV carbon ions by T. Ogawa, M.N. Morev, T. Iimoto, T. Kosako
Session IV Dosimetry, Chair: V. Mares
-A review of recent studies on computational dosimetry: Calculation of dose conversion coefficients based on ICRP103 by T. Sato, A. Endo
-Calculations of radiation levels in the service caverns and on the surface at Point 1 of the LHC by T. Ogawa, Z. Zajacová
-Estimation of entrance surface doses (ESD) for common medical X-ray diagnostic examinations in radiological departments in Mashhad-Iran by M.T. Bahreyni Toossi, S. Esmaili
Session V Medical and industrial accelerators, Chair: M. Silari
-Radiation protection for particle therapy facilities by G. Fehrenbacher
-Sandwich technology in radiation-shielded structures, Monte Carlo simulations and measurement by R. Müller, J. Forster, O. Pravida, J. Karg, N. Achterberg
-Comparison of the German rule PAS1078 with MCNPX™ calculations by W. Dittrich
-Shielding design for ETOILE hadron therapy centre by F. Stichelbaut, Y. Jongen
-Optimum shielding design for electron linac oncology facilities incorporating seismic base-isolation structure by K. Oishi, K. Kosako, T. Nakamura
-Optimised design of local shielding for the IFMIF/EVEDA beam dump by M. García, F. Ogando, P. Ortego, J.M. Arroyo, B. Brañas, C. Töre, D. López, P. Sauvan, A. Mayoral, J. Sanz
Session VI Present status of data and code libraries, Chair: H. Iwase
-A review of nuclear computational information by B.L. Kirk
-Modern g,d,p,n-induced activation-transmutation systems by J-Ch. Sublet
-A Geant4 physics list for shielding calculations by T. Koi (on behalf of the Geant4 Hadronic Working Group)
-INCL4.5 and Abla07 Improved versions of the intranuclear cascade (INCL4) and de-excitation (Abla) models by J-C. David, A. Boudard, J. Cugnon, A. Kelic-Heil, S. Leray, D. Mancusi, M.V. Ricciardi
-Methodology to address radiation protection and safety issues in the IFMIF-EVEDA accelerator prototype by J. Sanz, P. Sauvan, F. Ogando, D. López, M. García, A. Mayoral, F. Ortíz, V. Blideanu, P. Joyer
Annex 1: List of participants

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