Radioactive Waste Management

Nuclear Energy Agency

English
ISSN: 
1990-0325 (online)
ISSN: 
1990-0333 (print)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/19900325
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A series of publications from the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency on various aspects of radioactive waste management. The publications in this series of analytical reports and conference proceedings focus on the development of strategies for a safe, broadly acceptable management of sustainable and all types of radioactive waste and materials.

Also available in French
 
Nuclear Site Remediation and Restoration during Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations

Nuclear Site Remediation and Restoration during Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations

A Report by the NEA Co-operative Programme on Decommissioning You do not have access to this content

English
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/6614031e.pdf
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Author(s):
OECD, NEA
25 Aug 2014
Pages:
246
ISBN:
9789264222182 (PDF)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264222182-en

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Decommissioning of nuclear facilities and related remedial actions are currently being undertaken around the world to enable sites or parts of sites to be reused for other purposes. Remediation has generally been considered as the last step in a sequence of decommissioning steps, but the values of prevention, long-term planning and parallel remediation are increasingly being recognised as important steps in the process. This report, prepared by the Task Group on Nuclear Site Restoration of the NEA Co-operative Programme on Decommissioning, highlights lessons learnt from remediation experiences of NEA member countries that may be particularly helpful to practitioners of nuclear site remediation, regulators and site operators. It provides observations and recommendations to consider in the development of strategies and plans for efcient nuclear site remediation that ensures protection of workers and the environment.

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Table of Contents

Executive summary 7
1. A report on the experiences of NEA member countries in nuclear site remediation 9
-1.1. Summary of the Task Group on Nuclear Site Restoration (TGNSR) approach 10
-1.2. Remediation 11
-1.3. Report structure 14
2. Data collected through questionnaires 15
-2.1 Information from national questionnaires 15
-2.2 Information from site and project questionnaires 19
3.Key issues and experience from the case studies 25
-3.1 Introduction 25
-3.2 Problem definition 27
-3.3 Remedial investigation (characterisation and assessment) 29
-3.4 Remedial planning (alternative evaluation and selection)  34
-3.5 Remedial action/implementation 39
-3.6 Project closeout 42
-3.7 Institutional control 44
-3.8 Summary of experiences 45
4. Discussion and observations 51
-4.1 Factors of major importance for the different remediation phases 51
-4.2 Recommendations 52
-4.3 Knowledge sharing and working with international partners 55
-4.4 Research and development priorities  59
Annex 1 – Glossary 63
Annex 2 – Bibliography 65
Annex 3 – CPD Task Group on Nuclear Site Restoration (TGNSR) questionnaires 79
Annex 4 – Evaluation of questionnaires 105
Annex 5 – The twelve case studies 145

 
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