World energy demand continues to grow unabated and is leading to very serious concerns about security of supply, soaring energy prices and climate change stemming from fossil fuel consumption. Nuclear energy is being increasingly seen as having a role to play in addressing these concerns. Responding to renewed interest in nuclear energy, this Nuclear Energy Outlook uses the most current data and statistics available and provides projections up to 2050 to consider growth scenarios and potential implications on the future use of nuclear energy. It also offers unique analyses and recommendations on the possible challenges that lie ahead. Topics covered by the NEO include nuclear power’s current status and projected trends, environmental impacts, uranium resources and security of supply, costs, safety and regulation, radioactive waste management and decommissioning, non-proliferation and security, legal frameworks, infrastructure, stakeholder engagement, advanced reactors and advanced fuel cycles.Click to Access:
- 16 Oct 2008
Programmes and Government Policies
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- OECD, NEA
Initially, governments were intimately involved in the advancement of nuclear energy, owning the organisations developing the technology and sometimes those commercially exploiting it for power production. With the liberalisation of electricity markets and the privatisation of the generating assets in a number of countries, the pattern is now more mixed. Today, the structures of ownership vary considerably around the world, with liberalisation diluting government control and responsibility for the development and deployment of civil nuclear technology in several countries. However, all governments are facing one or more of the pressures of ensuring security of energy supply, rising fossil fuel prices and the need to constrain the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Regardless of the degree of control that individual governments have on the mix of generation sources in their electricity markets, many governments and political parties are re-evaluating the role that nuclear power could or should play.