Migration and the United Nations Post-2015 Development Agenda

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Author(s):
Frank Laczko, Lars Johan Lönnback
18 Oct 2013
Pages:
139
ISBN:
9789210541183 (PDF)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/3c611b49-en

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As the target date for the MDG nears in 2015, the international community is faced with both the challenge and the opportunity of formulating the next global development agenda. Although migration was not factored into the MDGs, it plays an integral role in the most crucial development questions facing the world today, including: how to generate inclusive growth and create employment for a growing world population; how to manage new global risks, such as vulnerability to shocks and disasters, and adaptation to climate change; and how to mobilize financing for development in a world of decreasing aid budgets. This publication gathers together recent research findings outlining the links between migration and development and proposing how migration can best be factored into the future development framework, offering a timely contribution to the argument for migration's inclusion in the coming development agenda.
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  • Foreword
    We live in an era of unprecedented human mobility. Not only has migration become an everyday reality, but there is supportive evidence that human mobility substantially contributes to progress for achieving most of the Millennium Development Goals. The drivers of human mobility are such that large-scale migration will continue to be a “megatrend” in the twenty-first century.
  • Introduction
    In October 2013, the second United Nations High-level Dialogue on International Migration and Development will be held in New York, presenting the international community with a valuable opportunity to focus its attention on how to make migration work for poverty reduction and sustainable development. The second High-level Dialogue will take place at an important time, as the international community considers moving beyond the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and towards the formulation of the United Nations post-2015 development agenda.
  • Labour migration in the post-2015 development agenda
    As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) deadline of 2015 approaches, discussions about what could replace them are gathering pace. There is no shortage of proposals on how the Goals could be improved to reflect development challenges that were not as salient in the early 2000s. For example, there have been suggestions to place a stronger emphasis on growth, employment, equity, political accountability, security, environmental sustainability and resilience – to name a few (Melamed, 2012).
  • Will a post-2015 development framework acknowledge migration?
    International development policy is approaching a crossroads. With the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) framework expiring in 2015, the discussion on what could replace or refresh these goals has been gaining momentum. The deliberations on a possible post-2015 global development framework have already brought forward an impressive range of elements to consider, many of which seek to respond to perceived shortcomings of the existing MDGs.
  • Labour migration and development indicators in the post-2015 global development framework
    In 2000, world leaders at the Millennium Summit of the United Nations agreed on eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that have 20 targets measured by 60 indicators. In 2005, world leaders reaffirmed their desire to achieve the MDGs and made commitments to support development institutions, such as the World Bank, and to reduce the debt owed by heavily indebted poor countries so that they could devote more resources to achieving the MDGs. A World Bank (2010) review of progress on the MDGs noted very uneven progress and laid out a plan of action to achieve them by 2015.
  • Health in the post-2015 development agenda: The importance of migrants’ health for sustainable and equitable development
    With less than 1,000 days left until the target date of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the world looks at both the achievements and the unfinished elements of this global development agenda. While the MDGs have been instrumental in reducing the burden of HIV, tuberculosis and malaria and have helped to reduce maternal and child deaths, thus enabling millions of people to survive and escape the poverty trap, not all goals will be met by 2015. In addition, several new challenges and global trends have become manifest since the formulation of the MDGs and need to be captured in the successor development framework. These include the severe impact of non-communicable diseases, often brought about by unhealthy lifestyles, the growing recognition of the social determinants of ill-health, and lastly global mobility and diversity in societies as a new feature of a globalized world.
  • Migration as a development enabler: Putting enablers into practice in the post-2015 development agenda
    In its foundational report, Realizing the Future We Want for All, the United Nations System Task Team on the Post-2015 United Nations Development Agenda lays out its vision for a new framework to pursue poverty eradication and achieve sustainable development once the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) expire in 2015. A key aspect of the proposed framework is the inclusion of a core set of “development enablers”, which are intended to support progress towards four key dimensions of development: inclusive economic development, inclusive social development, environmental sustainability, and peace and security (United Nations, 2012a). Migration, and specifically fair rules to manage migration, is highlighted as one of these enablers.
  • Developing a global partnership on migration and development in the post-2015 agenda
    With one out of seven people on the planet being on the move, migration and the networks it creates will be a defining feature of the twenty-first century, affecting the lives of people, communities and countries around the world. Migration is driven by development opportunities, but it also drives development and enables people to lead a better life. Although migration and development are inextricably linked, the current Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) make no reference to human mobility. With less than 1,000 days to the 2015 “finish line” set to achieve the MDGs, a lively and highly participatory discussion on a successor framework – the United Nations post-2015 development agenda – is under way. A first milestone in the process defining the next development agenda was reached at the end of May 2013, when the High-level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda, appointed by the United Nations Secretary-General to lay out a vision for the post-2015 agenda, presented its report, A New Global Partnership: Eradicate Poverty and Transform Economies through Sustainable Development (United Nations, 2013a).
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