Oilcakes and Meals

Oilcakes and Meals

Market Challenges for Developing Countries You do not have access to this content

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22 Nov 2002
9789213615416 (PDF)

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This book examines the factors affecting supply and demand for livestock products, oilcakes, and meals. It gives an overview of the world market situation and characteristics, and provides market forecasts focusing on position of, and challenges for, developing countries. It also reviews the impact of government policies in major producing and consuming countries and the implications of WTO Agreements.

Also available in French, Spanish
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  • Acknowledgements

    This book is issued within the framework of the activities of the International Trade Centre (ITC) on oilseed-based products and feed. These activities are implemented by the Product and Market Development Section.

  • Note

    Unless otherwise specified, all references to tons are to metric tons and all references to dollars are to United States dollars.

  • Overview of opportunities for developing countries

    Recent developments in the international economy and major technological advances directly affect livestock sectors and feed industries worldwide. The globalization of markets is inducing profound structural modifications in both these sectors, and changing agricultural policies in major markets make it possible for producers of oilseeds, oil-meals, meat and meat products to increase their market orientation.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Factors affecting demand for, and consumption of, livestock products and oilcakes and meals

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    • Background and scope of the study

      Within the framework of its mission to support developing countries and economies in transition in their efforts to realize their full potential for developing exports and improving import operations, the International Trade Centre UNCTAD/WTO (ITC) undertakes activities aiming at fostering the integrated development of the agribusiness sector and related industries. In this context, feed ingredients, as raw materials for the manufacture of compound feeds and critical inputs for the development of the livestock sector, are of particular importance to ITC’s client countries.

    • Factors affecting demand for, and consumption of, livestock products and oilcakes

      Demand for oilcakes is directly related to demand for livestock products (meat, dairy, fish, and eggs). Consumption of oilcakes and meals depends primarily on the number, breed, sex, age, health and productive status of animals to feed. Animal inventories, the proximity of supplies of various ingredients, palatability and the composition of nutrients, as well as possibilities for substitution between competitively priced ingredients (oilcakes in particular), determine aggregate consumption.

    • Biotechnology developments

      Man has improved plants and animals biotechnologically for centuries, mainly through the selection of livestock and seed from plants with desirable traits and their reproduction and breeding. These efforts have significantly increased productivity. In more recent times, biotechnological change has accelerated with the use of modern bioengineering techniques. Results have included the doubling of corn and wheat yields over the past 40 to 50 years, substantial increases in milk output per cow, and the breeding of pigs with leaner meat.

    • Outputs of livestock products and utilization of feed ingredients

      Oils-meals are the primary sources of proteins in animal feeds and, like cereals, they are also providers of energy. This chapter summarizes developments in outputs of livestock products (including meat) and the related utilization of oil-meals worldwide.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts World markets for oil crops and oil-meals

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    • World markets for oil crops

      The value of total production and trade in oilseeds and their products is similar to that of wheat or of coarse grains. Oilseeds and their products are one of the most important categories of agricultural commodities traded worldwide.

    • World markets for oilcakes and meals
    • Major exporting and importing countries/regions: current situation and outlook

      The United States is the world’s largest producer and exporter of oilseeds. The country has harvested 18.5% of the global output over the last five seasons (79.5 million tons a year) and provided 49.6% of world exports (25 million tons yearly). Its crushing industry is also the world’s biggest, processing 47.7 million tons of oilseeds annually between 1996 and 2000, equivalent to a fifth of global crushing.

    • Pricing and prices
    • Implications of the WTO agreement on agriculture for the trade in oilseeds and oil-meals

      Global production and export trade in oilseeds and oil-meals are dominated by a small number of countries. About 70% of the total oilseed output is produced by seven countries/regions (China, India, the United States, Brazil, Argentina, Canada and the European Union). The European Union alone accounts for over 80% of the oilseed trade. This is why the international trade in oilseeds has been less restricted by tariffs and non-tariff trade control measures than many other agricultural commodities, including oilseed products (oils in particular).

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