OECD Skills Studies

2307-8731 (online)
2307-8723 (print)
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There is a shift from formal education to a broader perspective that includes a range of hard and soft skills people need to acquire over their lifetime in order to succeed in the labour market. Workers, students, parents, employers, education providers and government agencies now need reliable information on how supply and demand for skills evolve.

The OECD Skills Studies series aims to provide a strategic approach to skills policies. It presents OECD internationally comparable indicators and policy analysis covering issues such as: quality of education and curricula; transitions from school to work; vocational education and training (VET); employment and unemployment; innovative workplace learning; entrepreneurship; brain drain and migrants; and skills matching with job requirements.

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Supporting Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Higher Education in Poland

Supporting Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Higher Education in Poland You or your institution have access to this content

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26 Oct 2017
9789264270923 (PDF) ; 9789264270961 (EPUB) ;9789264270947(print)

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This report presents evidence-based analysis on Poland’s higher education transformation process towards an innovative, interconnected and multidisciplinary entrepreneurial system, designed to empower its students and staff to demonstrate enterprise, innovation and creativity in teaching, research and societal engagement. Using the OECD-European Commission HEInnovate guidance for the entrepreneurial and innovative higher education institution, the report assesses strategies and practices for entrepreneurship and innovation in Poland’s higher education institutions and the systemic support provided by government.

Higher education institutions play a critical role in Poland’s economy and innovation system, which is based on a strong and growing engagement agenda with industry and local communities, the emergence of new learning environments and strong multidisciplinary research teams. This report offers practical recommendations on how Poland can enhance and sustain the outcomes.

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  • Foreword

    Higher education institutions (HEIs) play a critical role in our societies. They provide the high-level skills needed for the modern economy, assist talented young people to transition into employment, generate and disseminate knowledge and innovation, and work together with business, government and civil society to promote economic and social development. However, to reach their full potential, HEIs must constantly improve their organisational approaches, research activities, teaching methods and external engagement practices. Priorities include integrating new teaching methods into the curriculum, developing educational approaches to stimulate entrepreneurial mind sets, providing support to start-up entrepreneurs, strengthening knowledge exchange and innovation collaboration with business, and taking a more international approach to HEI activities. This report examines how to strengthen HEI strategies and practices and government supporting frameworks in this light.

  • Abbreviations and acronyms
  • Executive summary

    Higher education is changing across European Union and OECD countries and there is a growing expectation from governments and society that higher education institutions (HEIs) should evolve into a new type of economic actor. These “entrepreneurial” HEIs are expected to prepare students to be more entrepreneurial and leverage their knowledge generation capabilities to make stronger contributions to economic development in partnership with industry and government.

  • Reader's guide

    This reader’s guide provides information on the HEInnovate conceptual framework and online tool. It also provides methodological information on the Polish HEInnovate country review underpinning this report, including information on the study visits, surveys and other key activities. It concludes with a roadmap for the report.

  • Overview of the Polish higher education system

    This chapter provides contextual information for the HEInnovate review. It begins with a discussion of entrepreneurship and higher education in Poland, followed by a brief overview of the current policy framework for promoting innovation in Poland. The bulk of the chapter provides an overview of the Polish higher education system and the main actors involved. The chapter concludes with a brief overview of the higher education institutions that participated in the study visits and an overview of their cities and regions.

  • Applying HEInnovate to higher education in Poland

    This chapter provides an assessment of the national higher education system in Poland with respect to the seven dimensions of the HEInnovate framework and the good practice statements under each dimension. This covers issues related to university leadership and governance; organisational capacity; entrepreneurial teaching and learning; preparing entrepreneurs; knowledge transfer; internationalisation; and measuring impact. This analysis is based on two study visits, the HEI Leaders’ Survey and a Student Survey. The chapter also includes recommendations for the national government and for higher education institutions.

  • Enhancing leadership and governance in Poland's higher education institutions

    This chapter provides an in-depth discussion of leadership and governance in higher education institutions in Poland related to promoting and supporting the entrepreneurial university. This includes highlighting good practice leadership and governance examples and models in Poland, as well as the key leadership and governance barriers to strengthening entrepreneurship support. It also provides recommendations for higher education institutions and for public policy.

  • Building entrepreneurial capacity in Poland through teaching and learning

    This chapter assesses the teaching of entrepreneurship in Polish higher education institutions (HEIs). It covers teaching across all faculties using formal and informal methods. Good practice methods and key challenges are identified. The analysis draws on case studies of seven universities in Warsaw, Gdansk, Elblag and Lublin, a student survey in these universities and a broader survey of all HEI leaders in Poland. The chapter also recommends actions for policy makers and universities to strengthen entrepreneurship education.

  • Preparing and supporting entrepreneurs in Poland's higher education institutions

    This chapter assesses support provided by Polish higher education institutions (HEIs) to students and academic staff in business creation. It provides an overview of the main structures that are currently in place to support business start-up by students and academic staff, including academic incubators, business accelerators and technology transfer offices. Based on case studies of seven universities in Warsaw, Gdansk, Elblag and Lublin, including a student survey, as well as a national HEI leaders’ survey, the analysis contained in this chapter identifies the strengths of the start-up support system and areas for improvement. Recommendations are made for both the Ministry of Science and Higher Education and the HEIs on how to bolster business start-up support for students and academic staff.

  • HEInnovate framework and good practice statements

    Strong leadership and good governance are crucial to developing an entrepreneurial and innovative culture within an HEI. Many HEIs include the words “enterprise” and “entrepreneurship” in their mission statements, but in an entrepreneurial institution this is more than a reference. This section highlights some of the important factors an HEI may consider in order to strengthen its entrepreneurial agenda.

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