Measuring Globalisation: The Role of Multinationals in OECD Economies 1999

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Author(s):
OECD
23 Nov 1999
Pages:
308
ISBN:
9789264074187 (PDF) ;9789264058774(print)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264074187-en-fr

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This publication presents for the first time detailed data on the role played by multinationals in the industrial sectors of the OECD economies. In an era of globalisation, these data highlight the increasing importance of multinationals in the economies of host countries, particularly in production, employment, value added, research and exports.

The data also show that multinationals make a positive contribution to the economic development of host countries: productivity levels are well above those of national firms; salaries are generally higher; and numbers of employees are growing faster than those of national firms. The R&D efforts and technology transfers of multinationals strengthen the innovation capacity and competitiveness of host countries.
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Table of Contents

Introduction
Part I. Share of foreign affiliates in manufacturing output, employment, labour productivity, R&D, exports, wages and salaries
-Graph 1. Share of foreign affiliates in manufacturing production (or turnover)
-Graph 2. Share of foreign affiliates in manufacturing employment
-Graph 3. Trends in the share of foreign affiliates in manufacturing
-Graph 4. Trends in employment in the manufacturing industry
-Graph 5. Numbers employed by foreign affiliates in manufacturing
-Graph 6. Exposure of domestic markets to manufactures
-Graph 7. Gross output per employee in manufacturing
-Graph 8. Compensation per employee of foreign affiliates in manufacturing
-Graph 9. Share of foreign affiliates in manufacturing R&D
-Graph 10. Share of foreign affiliates’ R&D and production (or turnover) in total manufacturing R&D and production (or turnover)
-Graph 11. R&D intensities of foreign affiliates and national firms in manufacturing
-Graph 12. Share of foreign financing of industrial R&D and share of foreign affiliates in total manufacturing R&D
-Graph 13. Export propensities in manufacturing
-Graph 14. Share of production (or turnover) of foreign affiliates in selected industrial sectors
Part II. Activity of foreign affiliates and share of OECD economies controlled by multinationals
List of variables and data availability by country
-Canada
-Czech Republic
-Finland
-France
-Germany
-Hungary
-Ireland
-Italy
-Japan
-Mexico
-Netherlands
-Norway
-Sweden
-Turkey
-United Kingdom
-United States
List of industries in ISIC Revision 3

 
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