Dynamising National Innovation Systems

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13 May 2002
9789264194465 (PDF) ;9789264197831(print)

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Promoting innovation requires innovative government policy. Innovation through the creation, diffusion and use of knowledge has become a key driver of economic growth and provides part of the response to many new societal challenges. However, the determinants of innovation performance have changed in a globalising, knowledge-based economy. Government policy to boost innovation performance must be adapted accordingly, based on a sound conceptual framework. Synthesising the results of a multi-year OECD project on national innovation systems (NIS), this publication demonstrates how the NIS approach can be implemented in designing and implementing more efficient technology and innovation policies.

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Table of Contents

Part I. Introduction
-Intermediary Findings of the NIS Project
-The Objective of This Report
Part II. Innovation through Dynamic Systems
-Towards a Dynamic, Innovation-Driven Economy
-The NIS Approach: Managing Knowledge, Interactions, and Institutions
-What are Interactions?
-Providing a Dynamism in Innovation Systems
-Dimensions of Growth in Innovation Systems
-Implementing the NIS Approach
Part III. Dynamism and Growth in Innovation Systems
-The Building Block: Innovative Firms
--Firms Growth through Transitions
--Firms Have Degrees of Freedom in Innovation
--Reinventing the Firm
--Non-Technological Innovation is Important
-Clustering of Innovative Firms
--The Cluster Concept
--Different Innovation Patterns in Different Clusters
--Key Factors in Cluster Development
-Networking in Uncertain and Rapidly Changing Environments
--Collaboration is Pervasive but the Intensity and Patterns of Collaboration are Country-Specific
--Domestic and Foreign Networks Reinforce Each Other
--Networking Extends to the Science System
--Government-Induced International Networking Generates National and Industry-Specific Spillovers
-Competing for Skills: Flows of Human Resources in Innovation Systems
--The Importance of Skills and Know-How
--Labour Mobility and Economic Performance
--International Mobility of Human Resources in Science and Technology
-Complex Interactions Create Resilient, Dynamic, and Adaptive Innovation systems
-Summing Up
Part IV: Dynamising Innovation Systems through Comprehensive Policy
-The Need for Coherent and Comprehensive Policy Making
-Structuring and Dynamising the Innovation Process
--Enhancing Firms' Innovative Capacities
--Exploiting Further the Power of Markets
--Securing Investment in Knowledge
--Promoting the Commercialisation of Publicly-Funded Research
--Promoting Cluster Development
--Promoting Internationally-Open Networks
-From Public Support to System Management
--Comprehensive, Coherent, and Customised Innovation Policies
--Prioritising and Sequencing Policies
--Policy Coordination to Improve Governance of the NIS
-Policy Learning
Concluding Remarks: NIS as a Benchmarking Tool
-Annex: The NIS Project
-The OECD Project on National Innovation Systems
-The Focus Groups

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