Country Profiles on Housing and Land Management

English
ISSN: 
2521-6236 (online)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/1bff5e6f-en
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The Country Profile reports contain in-depth analysis of housing, urban development and land management sectors while focusing on specific challenges or achievements in these sectors. These include housing provision and affordability; management and maintenance of the housing stock; energy efficiency in housing; disaster risk mitigation; urbanization; housing finance; and the legal and institutional framework. The reports also lay out sets of policy recommendations to help in meeting these challenges.

 
Country Profiles on Housing and Land Management

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Country Profiles on Housing and Land Management

Republic of Armenia You or your institution have access to this content

English
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Author(s):
UN
26 Apr 2017
Pages:
144
ISBN:
9789210601054 (PDF)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/6aafac89-en

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This Country Profile is the second for the Republic of Armenia. It contains an in-depth analysis of its housing, urban development and land management sectors while focusing on specific challenges or achievements in these sectors. These include housing provision and affordability; management and maintenance of the housing stock; energy efficiency in housing; disaster risk mitigation; urbanization; housing finance; and the legal and institutional framework. This Country Profile also lays out a set of policy recommendations to help Armenia in meeting these challenges.

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  • Foreword

    The Country Profiles on Housing and Land Management (CPs) are intended to assist governments to improve the performance of their housing, urban development and land management sectors and, at the same time, to promote sustainable development The profiles analyse trends and policy developments, and make an overall assessment of the political, economic and social framework of these sectors in a country. This work was initiated by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) Committee on Housing and Land Management in the early 1990s, in response to requests from ECE member States.

  • Preface

    This Country Profile on the housing, urban development and land management sectors of the Republic of Armenia was requested by the Ministry of Urban Development of the Republic of Armenia, and began with a preparatory mission by the UNECE secretariat. A fact-finding mission by the international expert team was carried out in April 2015.

  • Acknowledgements
  • Abbreviations, acronyms, symbols and currency conversion
  • Executive summary

    This summary provides an overview of the housing, urban development and land management sectors in the Republic of Armenia.

  • Overview

    In the 6 century BC, Armenians settled in the kingdom of Urartu (Urartu is an Assyrian name of Mount Ararat). The first Armenian state appeared after the downfall of the union of Urartian states immediately after the collapse of the Assyrian Empire in 612 BC Later on, Tigrancs 11 (Tigranes the Great) (95-56 BC) took advantage of a dragged-out war between Rome and Parthta, and created a vast, but short-lived empire that stretched from the Lesser Caucasus to the borders of Palestine.

  • Housing

    The Housing Code adopted back in the Soviet times was repealed only in 2005. A new draft Housing Code was prepared, but it has not yet been adopted. The housing sector is currently governed by a number of laws,

  • Urban development and urban planning

    The growth of the urban population in Armenia has closely reflected the country’s changing social and economic circumstances over the past century. Industrialization during the Soviet period from the 1920s onwards, combined with the mass influx of refugees from Eastern Turkey and, later, from the Armenian diaspora in the Middle East, led to rapid urban population growth until the late 1980s.

  • Land administration

    Armenia declared its independence on 21 September 1991. That year, the Government launched timely decisive agrarian reforms countering the centralized, planned economy, in order to create the climate for a free market driven by private enterprise.

  • Financial framework for housing and land

    According to the latest available data, housing construction amounted to 284.1 m2 in 2014, which is 11.3 per cent less than the previous year. Out of the total commissioned buildings, 53.2 per cent were constructed through funds of citizens, while 46.8 per cent were constructed by developers (legal entities).

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