OECD Public Governance Reviews

English
ISSN: 
2219-0414 (online)
ISSN: 
2219-0406 (print)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/22190414
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This series includes international studies and country-specific reviews of government efforts to make the public sector more efficient, effective, innovative and responsive to citizens’ needs and expectations. Publications in this series look at topics such as open government, preventing corruption and promoting integrity in the public service, risk management, illicit trade, audit institutions, and civil service reform. Country-specific reviews assess a public administration’s ability to achieve  government objectives and preparedness to address current and future challenges. In analysing how a country's public administration works, reviews focus on cross-departmental co-operation, the relationships between levels of government and with citizens and businesses, innovation and quality of public services, and the impact of information technology on the work of government and its interaction with businesses and citizens.

 

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Towards a New Partnership with Citizens

Towards a New Partnership with Citizens

Jordan's Decentralisation Reform You do not have access to this content

English
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/4217261e.pdf
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Author(s):
OECD
10 Aug 2017
Pages:
248
ISBN:
9789264275461 (PDF) ;9789264275454(print)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264275461-en

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This assessment provides an evidence-based analysis of the ongoing decentralisation reforms in Jordan from the perspective of the principles and practices of open government. It covers topics such as enhancing the role of the centre of government in driving reform, enabling effective public service delivery at the local level, and the potential and expected impact of the country’s decentralisation reforms on Jordan’s open government agenda.

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  • Foreword and acknowledgements

    As part of its efforts to promote better public governance and state modernisation, Jordan has embarked on an ambitious decentralisation reform agenda to address the social and economic challenges rooted in its highly centralised political and administrative system. Two laws approved in 2015, one focusing on governorates and one on municipalities, provide the key foundations of this process. Together, these laws create elected governorate and local councils that are designed to foster a bottom-up approach to national planning and socio-economic development.

  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive summary

    The 2015 Decentralisation Law (DL) and Municipality Law (ML) mark a milestone in Jordan’s democratic development and ongoing effort to improve public governance. In line with the objectives of “Jordan 2025”, the country’s strategic vision, the laws represent an unprecedented effort to place citizens and their needs at the heart of policymaking and service delivery.

  • Assessment and recommendations

    Located at the intersection of three continents and within the Middle East region between the Gulf and the Levant, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is highly exposed to the political, economic and security turmoil which has shaken the region over the past decades. Recently, the influx of the second largest number of refugees per capita from the war-torn areas in Syria and Iraq has added unprecedented pressures on fiscal capacities, economic opportunities and the government’s capacities to deliver quality public services.

  • Contextualising decentralisation reform and open government in Jordan

    This chapter sets out the historical, political and administrative system in which Jordan’s decentralisation reform process is taking place. It places the approval of the 2015 Decentralisation Law and Municipality in the broader context of the democratisation process over the last decade and discusses the objective of the reform with a view to the economic (e.g. achieving economic resilience and a more balanced development across the country) and social (e.g. a young, diverse and dispersed population) realities. By referring to King Abdullah II’s vision of a political development process that starts at the grassroots level and key provisions in Jordan 2025, the Chapter carves out the leitmotif of the reform that is to improve economic conditions, deliver quality public services and encourage local economic development driven by a new culture of popular participation at the subnational levels of government.

  • The role of the centre of government in driving decentralisation reform in Jordan

    This chapter analyses the current architecture of the state with a focus on the interplay between the central level, governorates and municipalities examining the autonomy of subnational bodies, accountability mechanisms and the challenges faced by government institutions across all levels of government to effectively deliver on their mandates. It raises the (yet unanswered) question whether the creation of elected councils at governorate and local level will eventually go along with a more significant transfer of administrative, political and financial competencies. Stressing the critical function by the National Committee for the Decentralisation Reform as the centre of government (CoG) for driving the reform process, it discusses the need to further clarify mandates and procedures in order to define the future interaction across all levels in the day-to-day service delivery and the national planning and development process.

  • Enablers for an effective and efficient public service delivery at the local level in Jordan: Overview of good practice

    The decentralisation reform has raised high expectations that public policies will be brought closer to citizens and that public service delivery will become better tailored based on a bottom-up approach. For this promise to materialise, and indeed have a positive impact on local communities and economic activity, this chapter identifies four conditions that should be fulfilled: 1) a transformation of Local Development Units (LDUs) to act as cornerstones of the public administration at subnational level and for local development; 2) a clarification of the administrative and financial autonomy of subnational government institutions in addressing day-to-day service demands; 3) a coordinated dialogue between the central, governorate and the municipal levels in the identification of citizens’ needs and in rolling out Governorate Development Plans; and 4) a strategic approach to reinforcing capacities and training among local civil servants and elected officials.

  • Openness and participation in Jordan: The expected impact of decentralisation reform

    The 2015 Decentralisation Law and Municipality Law are giving impetus to enhancing local democratic governance and bear the potential of strengthening popular participation in the national planning and development process. The creation of elected councils has raised hopes to encourage citizen-driven initiatives and foster greater transparency and accountability. On the basis of an assessment of the current legal, institutional and policy framework for open government (e.g. access to information, public consultation, integrity system, CSO activity, political participation), this chapter discusses the expected impact of the decentralisation reform and its potential to bring about the emergence of a new administrative culture of more open and participatory governance at the level of the governorates and municipalities.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Annexes

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    • The French experience of decentralisation

      Decentralisation is a French word for both a political concept in French politics from 1968–1990, and a term employed to describe the results of the evolution of the spatial, economic and institutional organisation of France.

    • The Spanish decentralisation model

      In just thirty years, Spain has evolved from a state with a highly centralised territorial model to a multi-layered state that consists of the national government, the autonomous communities and local government. This state structure founded upon autonomous communities was established in 1978. Certain elements may be in need of adaptation to reflect the historical, political and economic evolution that Spain has undergone since then (including alterations in matters such as the definition of autonomous communities’ powers and changes in how they are financed, and the institutional design of local government). However, some instruments within this state system have proven themselves effective in the process of decentralisation.

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