National Urban Policy in OECD Countries

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Author(s):
OECD
15 May 2017
Pages:
136
ISBN:
9789264271906 (PDF) ;9789264271883(print)
DOI: 
10.1787/9789264271906-en

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Cities are crucial for national economic, social and environmental performance. A national urban policy (NUP) has been recognised by the international community as an important instrument for harnessing urbanisation to achieve national and global goals. This report, prepared for the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III), provides an assessment of the state and scope of NUPs across 35 OECD countries. It also describes how urban policy, and its place in national political agendas, is evolving.

This publication has been prepared for the Habitat III conference and builds on existing United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN Habitat) methodology. It is inspired by the joint work of UN-Habitat and the OECD following their co-leadership of Policy Unit 3 on National Urban Policies during the preparations for the New Urban Agenda. The findings of this report will contribute to the global monitoring process of National Urban Policy, as will the Global Report on National Urban Policy, jointly produced by UN Habitat and the OECD.

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  • Foreword

    Rapid urbanisation, a global trend, creates opportunities for governments to achieve national economic, social and environmental progress. In this context, an appropriate framework for urban development policy can be an important tool for accomplishing national and global goals. To be effective, urban development requires co-operation and co-ordination at different levels of government and across policy areas to avoid welfare losses and maximise potential synergies.

  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive Summary

    Cities play a crucial role in national economic, social and environmental performance. A national urban policy (NUP) – defined as the coherent set of decisions from a government led process of co-ordinating various actors for a common vision that will promote more productive, inclusive and resilient urban development – has been recognised by the international community as an essential policy instrument to harness the dynamics of urbanisation in order to achieve national and global goals. An NUP does not replace local urban policies, but complements them to create the necessary conditions for sustainable urban development.

  • An introduction to national urban policy

    This chapter provides an overview of national urban development across OECD countries. It begins by explaining the methodology used to assess the national urban policy (NUP) development in those countries. It clarifies, among other things, the definition, classification and stages of an NUP. It then depicts the major findings from the data collected across countries and summarises the state of NUP in OECD countries.

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