OECD Reviews of Regulatory Reform

ISSN :
1990-0481 (online)
ISSN :
1563-4973 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/19900481
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This series presents the results of country peer reviews of regulatory reform in OECD countries. They present an integrated assessment of regulatory reform in framework areas such as the quality of the public sector, competition policy and enforcement, and market openness. They also contain chapters on sectors such as telecommunications, electricity, road and rail freight, and an assessment of the macroeconomic context for reform. The policy recommendations present a balanced plan of action for both short and longer term based on best international regulatory practices.

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Regulatory Reform in the Middle East and North Africa

Regulatory Reform in the Middle East and North Africa

Implementing Regulatory Policy Principles to Foster Inclusive Growth You do not have access to this content

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Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
12 Nov 2013
Pages :
84
ISBN :
9789264204553 (PDF) ; 9789264204546 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264204553-en

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This book assesses progress in the implementation of regulatory policy within the region. Regulatory governance in the MENA region is an increasing priority for encouraging and enabling sustainable development and inclusive growth. The report reflects on the developments and highlights good practices from Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, the Palestinian Authority and Tunisia. The report concludes by providing recommendations to MENA countries, especially those in transition, to help them build the required institutions, systems, policies and capacities to produce a better regulatory environment needed to deliver sustainable development and equitable growth whilst ensuring public participation and accountability.

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    Foreword

    The OECD report on Regulatory Quality in Middle East and North African (MENA) Countries is the first progress report that assesses the implementation of OECD regulatory policy principles in the MENA region. Regulatory policy in the MENA region is an increasing priority as part of the process of building better governance for encouraging and enabling sustainable development, competitiveness and inclusive growth. The report provides recommendations to MENA countries to improve their regulatory capacities to deliver better policy outcomes.

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    Acronyms and abbreviations
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    Executive summary

    Efforts at regulatory reform have been made in MENA countries for some years. The relevance of regulatory policy to economic development and social welfare places it as an important tool to support foreign and domestic efforts to create jobs, and to embrace open, inclusive government frameworks. The desire for greater civic engagement and inclusiveness can be seen in many of the countries across the region and ways of better engaging the public are being requested by the public.

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    Relevance of regulatory policy for MENA

    This chapter provides a synthesis of the recommendations set out in the Seoul Declaration and an overview of developments and progress made in implementing them at national and international levels since the Declaration was adopted in 2008. It sheds light on policy issues that have arisen or have increased in scale or scope since the Declaration and makes recommendations for further work.

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    The OECD framework for regulatory policy and MENA

    This chapter looks at developments in access to and use of the Internet through highspeed infrastructure. It addresses a number of issues as set out in the Seoul Declaration and makes policy recommendations and suggestions for further work in this area. Specifically, the chapter provides an overview of progress in expanding access to networks and attaining greatest practical national coverage; creating a market-friendly environment for investment and competition; benefitting from convergence; encouraging the adoption of IPv6; encouraging a more efficient use of radio spectrum; and improving measurement and statistical instruments.

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    Regulatory policy and governance in MENA

    This chapter focuses on two areas of innovation and sustainability identified as important in the Seoul Declaration: digital content and ‘green’ information and communication technologies (ICTs). Regarding digital content, issues addressed include: the development of digital content markets, local content, public sector information, the role of Internet intermediaries, and intellectual property rights. In the context of green ICTs, issues addressed include: resource efficient ICTs, sensor-based networks, and smart ICT applications such as smart grids.

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    Recommendations for the MENA region

    This chapter provides an overview of developments since the Seoul Declaration in business-to-consumer (B2C) e-commerce – at both domestic and international levels – and identifies some remaining obstacles to its expansion. It focuses on a selected number of issues that raise important ongoing and emerging consumer concerns that require attention. These include complex legal landscapes; inadequate information disclosure; fraudulent and misleading commerce practices; geographical restrictions; privacy concerns; and inadequate dispute resolution and redress.

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