14 May 2013
The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities: The Case of Rotterdam/Amsterdam, the Netherlands
This working paper offers an evaluation of the performance of the ports of Rotterdam and Amsterdam, an analysis of the impact of these ports on their territory and an assessment of policies and governance in this field. It examines port performance over the last decades and identifies the...
17 May 2013
Urbanisation and Green Growth in China
This working paper assesses national policy and governance mechanisms that can influence green growth in Chinese cities. It applies the OECD conceptual framework for urban green growth to examine the potential challenges and opportunities for increasing economic growth through reducing the...
03 May 2013
Cities and Green Growth: The Case of the Chicago Tri-State Metropolitan Area
This working paper assesses opportunities and policies for green growth in the Chicago Tri-State Metropolitan Area. It first examines the Chicago metro-region's economic and environmental performance and potential constraints to regional growth, and identifies emerging regional specialisations...
26 Mar 2013
Passing the Buck? Central and Sub-National Governments in Times of Fiscal Stress
The paper explores interrelations between the fiscal situation of sub-national and central
governments, or – put differently – whether and how sub-national and central governments contribute
to each other’s fiscal difficulties. The first part of the paper examines sub-national...
19 Mar 2013
Creating Conditions for Effective Public Investment:
Growth and jobs are top concerns for policy makers confronting difficult economic conditions in many OECD countries. Sub-national governments are important contributors to national growth, but in many cases their economies are struggling as well. Faced with tight fiscal conditions, all levels...
13 Mar 2013
Urban-to-Rural Population Growth Linkages
The objective of this paper is to better understand how the population growth rates of rural
regions are affected by their closeness to urban regions and by the economic performance of the
latter. By means of a cross-sectional analysis of OECD TL3 regions, it identifies the growth
11 Mar 2013
Sub-National Finances and Fiscal Consolidation
Recent crises and national consolidation packages affected sub-national finances. In many OECD
countries, central governments introduced reductions in transfers to sub-national governments, and
established expenditure and/or deficit objectives to be met by local or regional authorities....
20 Feb 2013
The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities: The Case of Mersin – Turkey
This working paper offers an evaluation of the performance of the port of Mersin, an analysis of the impact of the port on its territory and an assessment of policies and governance in this field. It examines port performance over the last decades and identifies the principal factors that have...
19 Dec 2012
Competitiveness of Port-Cities: The Case of Marseille-Fos - France
This working paper offers an evaluation of the performance of the port of Marseille-Fos, an analysis of the impact of the port on its territory and an assessment of policies and governance in this field. It examines declining port performance over the last decades and identifies the principal...
24 Sep 2012
Financing Green Urban Infrastructure
This paper presents an overview of practices and challenges related to financing green sustainable cities. Cities are essential actors in stimulating green infrastructure; and urban finance is one of the promising ways in which this can be achieved. Cities are key investors in infrastructure...
13 Sep 2012
Efficiency of World Ports in Container and Bulk Cargo (oil, coal, ores and grain)
Port efficiency is an important indicator of port performance; more efficient ports lower transportation costs and facilitate imports and exports of a country. Despite the importance of the subject, the exisiting port efficiency studies have almost exclusively focused on container ports. This...
11 Sep 2012
The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities: The Case of Helsinki - Finland
This working paper offers an evaluation of the performance of the Port of Helsinki, as well as an analysis of the port?s impact on its territory and an assessment of relevant policies and governance. It examines declining port performance in the last decade and identifies the principal factors...
11 Sep 2012
Ports and Regional Development
This paper studies the impact of port activity on regional employment, analysing approximately 560 western European regions, including the largest OECD European ports (116 ports), from 2000-06. The empirical analysis is based on a set of employment equations using the Blundell and Bond (1998)...
27 June 2012
The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities: The Case of Hamburg, Germany
This working paper offers an evaluation of the performance of the Port of Hamburg, as well as an analysis of the port?s impact on its territory and an assessment of relevant policies and governance. It examines port performance in the last decade and identifies the principal factors that have...
25 Apr 2012
Measuring the Environmental Performance of Metropolitan Areas with Geographic Information Sources
This paper presents recent work undertaken at the OECD to produce environmental indicators at the regional level from geographic data sources. New indicators have been tested and produced in five different domains: a) land cover, b) forest ecosystems, c) urban density, d) CO2 emissions, e) air...
28 Mar 2012
Water Governance in Latin America and the Caribbean
The water debate in relation to poverty alleviation has one dimension that is often sidelined: its relationship with public governance. This report attempts to shed some light on the governance of water policy in Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries. It argues that public governance of...
20 Mar 2012
Tell Me Who You Patent With and I'll Tell You Who You Are
This paper presents an overview of co-patenting trends at the national and regional level in three technology fields (biotechnology, telecommunications and renewable energy), across regions in the OECD and emerging economies, from the late 1970s to the late 2000s. After a general introduction...
23 Feb 2012
Cities and Green Growth: Case Study of the Paris/Ile-de-France Region
This report, developed within the framework of the OECD Green Cities programme, is a pilot case study examining the green growth potential of the Paris-IDF region. In a context of stiff international competition and internal socio-economic and environmental pressures, green growth could be an...
15 Feb 2012
Urban Trends and Policies in OECD Countries
This working paper is one in a series of OECD Working Papers on Regional Development of the
OECD Public Governance and Territorial Development Directorate, conducted under the
responsibility of Joaquim Oliveira Martins, Head of the OECD Regional Competitiveness and
06 Dec 2011
Cities and Green Growth: A Conceptual Framework
This report examines the current state of knowledge about green growth in cities and outlines the key research questions and protocols that will guide the OECD Green Cities programme. It builds the case for an urban green growth agenda by examining the economic and environmental conditions that...
14 Sep 2011
The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities: The Case of the Seine Axis (Le Havre, Rouen, Paris, Caen), France
This working paper offers an evaluation of the performance of the ports of the Seine Axis (Le Havre,
Rouen, Caen and Paris), as well as an analysis of the impact of the ports on their territory and an
assessment of policies and governance in this field. It examines declining port performance in...
02 Aug 2011
OECD Extended Regional Typology
To account for differences among rural and urban regions, the OECD s established a regional typology, classifying TL3 regions as predominantly urban (PU), intermediate (IN) or predominantly rural (PR) (OECD, 2009). This typology, based essentially on the percentage of regional population living...
01 July 2011
Multi-level Governance of Public Investment
Over 2008-11, most OECD countries switched from highly expansive fiscal policies to the tightest in decades. During the crisis and subsequent recession in 2008-09, many OECD and G20 countries implemented stimulus packages, which in some cases amounted to 4% or more of GDP. On the expenditure...
19 July 2011
Governance of Public Policies in Decentralised Contexts
The ability of sub national governments to "better spend", by identifying relevant paths for territorial competitiveness and effective delivery of public services, is largely enshrined in their institutional background. Rather than isolated actors, sub national authorities and central...
01 July 2011
Categorisation of OECD Regions Using Innovation-Related Variables
National policy makers have shown a growing interest in the regional dimension of innovation processes, and regional policy makers are seeking to promote their own competitiveness by supporting innovation. To advance the OECD quantitative research on regions and innovation, a categorisation of...
01 July 2011
The Implementation of the Korean Green Growth Strategy in Urban Areas
This report on the Korean Strategy for Green Growth and its implementation in urban areas assesses the contributions of sub-national governments to Korea's National Strategy for Green Growth and identifies the main challenges for effective implementation at the local level. Korea's economy,...
01 May 2011
Strengthening Global-Local Connectivity in Regional Innovation Strategies
With innovation increasingly important to economic development, innovation policy is attracting
attention from politicians and policy-makers at all levels. Regional policy-makers face a distinctive
challenge in that innovation takes place in international networks reaching far beyond their...
29 Jan 2010
Policies to Enhance the Physical Urban Environment for Competitiveness
Globalisation and subsequent competition among cities have triggered a profound change in the mode of the governance of cities. It is often described as a shift from a managerial mode of governance, which had been primarily concerned with provision of social welfare services and control of...
15 Dec 2009
Competitive Cities and Climate Change
Cities are part of the climate change problem, but they are also a key part of the solution. This report offers a comprehensive analysis of how cities and metropolitan regions can change the way we think about responding to climate change. Cities consume the vast majority of global energy and...
25 Mar 2009
Urban Trends and Policy in China
China has become the world’s largest urban nation, with over 600 million urban citizens today. Projections indicate that this level may reach 900 million in 2030. The way this urbanisation process is managed will have important policy implications for China and beyond. This paper provides an...