OECD Public Governance Reviews

2219-0414 (online)
2219-0406 (print)
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This series includes international studies and country-specific reviews of government efforts to make the public sector more efficient, effective, innovative and responsive to citizens’ needs and expectations. Publications in this series look at topics such as open government, preventing corruption and promoting integrity in the public service, risk management, illicit trade, audit institutions, and civil service reform. Country-specific reviews assess a public administration’s ability to achieve  government objectives and preparedness to address current and future challenges. In analysing how a country's public administration works, reviews focus on cross-departmental co-operation, the relationships between levels of government and with citizens and businesses, innovation and quality of public services, and the impact of information technology on the work of government and its interaction with businesses and citizens.


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OECD Integrity Review of Peru

OECD Integrity Review of Peru

Enhancing Public Sector Integrity for Inclusive Growth You do not have access to this content

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28 Feb 2017
9789264271029 (PDF) ;9789264272033(print)

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Public sector integrity is crucial for sustained socioeconomic development. This report assesses Peru's integrity system at both the central and subnational levels of government. It provides a set of recommendations to strengthen and consolidate this system, instil a culture of integrity, and ensure accountability through control and enforcement. Beyond reviewing the institutional arrangement of the system, the report analyses the policies and practices related to political finance, the promotion of public ethics and the management of conflict of interests, lobbying, whistleblower protection, internal control and risk management, as well as the disciplinary regime and the role of the criminal justice system in containing corruption.

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  • Foreword and acknowledgements

    Many of the challenges hampering the sustainability and residence of peru's socio-economic progress stem from the historic and structural weaknesses of its public governance system. A sound governance system that delivers inclusive policies and effective public services and mitigates risks of corruption is indispensible if Peru is to sustain the significant results it has achieved in reducing poverty and inequality and improving well-being.

  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive summary

    Over the past 15 years, Peru has experienced socio-economic development and improved well-being, and has significantly reduced poverty and inequality. For this progress to be sustainable and resilient, a sound governance system is needed to control corruption and provide a stable environment. While Peru has made important progress in strengthening its public integrity system, challenges remain, particularly the need to reinforce institutions and mitigate corruption risks.

  • Governance and corruption in Peru: An overview

    This chapter provides an overview on international indicators measuring Peru s status with respect to governance and corruption. The results highlight the importance of addressing corruption risks and strengthening Peru governance system in order to sustain the economic and social progress made over the past two decades.

  • Promoting a comprehensive and co-ordinated integrity system in Peru

    This chapter examines the institutional arrangements for integrity established in Peru at both the central and regional levels. First, it analyses the High-level Commission against Corruption (Comisión de Alto Nivel Anticorrupción, or CAN), the body officially mandated to guide the public integrity system. The analysis focuses on the Commission s capacity to fulfil its mandate, its independence from political interference, the availability of specialised and trained staff, and the adequacy of the resources and powers at its disposal. Second, this chapter looks more specifically at the core mandate of the CAN, which is to promote horizontal co-ordination between the different institutions of the public integrity system. Lastly, the chapter assesses the regional outreach and vertical co-ordination mechanisms of integrity policies that are in place, with a special focus on institutional capacities at the regional level.

  • Strengthening public ethics and conflict-of-interest management in Peru

    This chapter identifies ways to strengthen public ethics and the identification and management of conflict-of-interest situations in Peru through improvements in institutional design, guidance and control. While each of these functions and elements are separate, important building blocks, they should be complementary and mutually reinforcing. Resilient interaction and synergy is required among these elements to achieve a coherent and integrated ethics infrastructure in Peru.

  • Implementing whistleblower protection in Peru

    There is a general consensus among policy makers that effective whistleblower protection is needed to promote transparency, promote integrity, and detect misconduct. To this end, Peru, like a number of OECD countries, has enacted a dedicated whistleblower protection law. This chapter provides a review and analysis of Peru s whistleblower protection system and proposes a set of actions for consideration. Although important steps have been made in protecting whistleblowers and safeguarding integrity, the present section recommends that Peru make additional efforts in order to strengthen protections, enhance awareness and systematically review and evaluate its whistleblowing system.

  • Ensuring a sound internal control and risk-management framework in Peru

    This chapter focuses on the role of internal control systems and the key functions of risk management and internal audit in strengthening integrity, transparency and enhancing good and accountable governance. The first part assesses the existing internal control and risk management processes, standards and institutional arrangements in comparison with leading international models and practices. The second part highlights the need to further clarify the roles and allocate responsibilities between the different internal control and audit actors across government and at the entity-wide level focusing on the consulting and assurance attributes of an independent internal audit function. Lastly, the third part emphasises how a sound internal control system can support effective integrity policies and actively contribute to preventing, detecting and responding to fraud and corruption schemes. The analysis supports recommendations that favour an optimal internal control and risk management environment working as a cornerstone and valuable ally to the Peruvian government s commitment to an ambitious and promising integrity and anti-corruption agenda.

  • Enhancing Peru's political finance framework

    This chapter reviews the legal, administrative and institutional framework upon which political campaigns are financed in Peru. It also discusses the challenges to effective oversight of these laws and regulations, and potential means by which to strengthen the system against impropriety. Due to the fact that political parties solely rely on private funding, the risk of policy capture by powerful private interests is high in Peru. Introducing balanced funding of political parties and election campaigns is a key policy lever to mitigate the risk of policy capture and increase integrity in the public sector.

  • Laying the foundations for transparency and integrity in lobbying in Peru

    Increasing transparency in lobbying is a major policy lever to restore public trust in the government. Based on the OECD Recommendation of the Council on Principles for Transparency and Integrity in Lobbying and good practices of OECD member countries, this chapter looks at various aspects of the current Peruvian lobbying regulation with special attention to the existing framework of lobbying rules, transparency in lobbying activities, integrity risks in lobbying, and compliance and enforcement of these rules. Examination of these points allows the opportunity to assess and clarify the validity of existing measures. The chapter provides a set of recommendations to strengthen the system and increase the level of awareness and compliance with lobbying regulations in Peru.

  • Simplifying and strengthening Peru's administrative disciplinary regime for public officials

    This chapter examines the role of Peru s administrative disciplinary regimes as essential mechanisms for enforcing the country s public sector integrity system. The chapter assesses the strengths and weaknesses of current systems in contrast to those of selected OECD member and partner countries. Recommendations are put forward for consideration by Peruvian authorities with a view to improve overall effectiveness by avoiding fragmentation and duplication between co-existing regimes and institutions; strengthening capacities, particularly in the civil service; and increasing performance evaluation and transparency.

  • Enhancing the Peruvian criminal justice system for enforcing integrity

    This chapter describes criminal justice responses to integrity challenges in Peru, with a focus on practical issues of enforcement of sanctions on crimes against the public administration. It contains recommendations to enhance the effectiveness of this enforcement, with reference to good practices in other countries.

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