OECD Framework for Regulatory Policy Evaluation

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Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
18 June 2014
Pages :
156
ISBN :
9789264214453 (PDF) ; 9789264214439 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264214453-en

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This publication provides countries with a Framework for Regulatory Policy Evaluation, an overview of evaluation practices in OECD countries and concrete examples. It also reports key findings of three expert papers on the evaluation of regulatory policy that informed the development of the Framework.

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    Foreword and Acknowledgements

    This report provides countries with a Framework for Regulatory Policy Evaluation, an overview of evaluation practices in OECD countries and concrete examples. It also reports key findings of three expert papers on the evaluation of regulatory policy that informed the development of the Framework.

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    Acronyms and abbreviations
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    Executive summary

    OECD countries share a common need for better information about where future investments in efforts to improve regulatory management systems should be focused to pay growth and welfare dividends. This is necessary to communicate progress and generate the political support needed for implementing regulatory policy reforms.

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    Introduction

    In the last decades, OECD countries have reformed their regulatory management systems to improve the quality of regulations. Reforms included putting in place systems to review the efficiency and effectiveness of new regulations and the stock of regulations based on evidence, and the involvement of stakeholders at every step of the regulatory policy cycle. For example, while in 1998 only half of OECD member countries had put in place a system of regulatory impact analysis (hereafter RIA) (OECD, 2008), in 2014 almost all OECD member countries report conducting RIAs on draft regulations. The scope and actual implementation of RIA vary widely across and even within countries. OECD Members have committed to improving their systems and have expressed their ambitions in the 2012 Recommendation of the Council on Regulatory Policy and Governance (see www.oecd.org/gov/regulatory-policy/49990817.pdf).

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    Evaluating the impact of regulatory policy

    This chapter highlights key insights from three expert reviewers mandated to: i) examine country practices for evaluating regulatory management tools and programmes and the collection of underlying data including advice to OECD countries for the evaluation of regulatory policy; ii) develop methodological practices that can be applied and replicated within OECD countries to assess the impact of sound regulatory management tools and programmes on the quality of regulation and on the real economy, and; iii) survey the literature on existing attempts at measuring the contribution of regulatory policy to improved performance in the real economy.

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    Characteristics of the OECD Framework for Regulatory Policy Evaluation

    This chapter presents the OECD Framework for Regulatory Policy Evaluation. It builds on the findings of the expert papers and discussions with delegates from the OECD Regulatory Policy Committee. The Framework aims to assist countries in evaluating their regulatory policy at every step in the process; from design to implementation and subsequently to the achievement of broader objectives. It also describes how different types of indicators can be used to create an overarching method of evaluating regulatory policy performance. The full application of the Framework requires data and information on the design, implementation and results of regulatory policy. This includes input (resources committed to regulatory policy), process (formal requirements for good regulatory policy), output (actual implementation of good practices), intermediate outcomes (improvements of regulations due to implementation of good practices) and outcomes (achievement of strategic objectives).

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    Practices in regulatory policy evaluation across the OECD

    This chapter presents an overview of publicly available indicators and reports in OECD countries to evaluate regulatory policy in four areas: the evaluation of the functioning of systems for RIA, of ex post evaluation systems, of administrative simplification programmes and of consultation practices. The information is based on an OECD survey that was carried out between 2012 and 2013 to provide countries with concrete examples of country practices to inform the design of their own evaluation system. The chapter also provides examples of evaluations of the impact of regulations on the real economy. Finally, it presents findings on the role of audit offices in regulatory policy evaluation.

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    Piloting the OECD Framework for Regulatory Policy Evaluation

    This chapter highlights the key findings of two pilot studies conducted in Canada and in the Netherlands, including some concrete suggestions for facilitating the application of the Framework.

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    Conclusion

    The Framework represents an advance in the analysis of how countries should address the challenges of measuring the performance of regulatory policy that can be progressively developed through an examination of its application in practice. It recommends countries to systematically evaluate the design and implementation of regulatory policy, against the achievement of strategic regulatory objectives. This includes collecting key information on the actual implementation of regulatory policy programmes and tools.

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      Indicators and reports on regulatory policy evaluation by country
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      Additional tables and figures
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      Questionnaire of the 2012-13 OECD survey on regulatory policy evaluation
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      Methodology of the 2012-13 OECD survey on regulatory policy evaluation

      In 2012, a questionnaire on regulatory policy evaluation (see Annex C) was sent to delegates of the OECD’s Regulatory Policy Committee. A previous draft questionnaire had been modified substantially following comments from members of the Steering Group on Measuring Regulatory Performance. All 34 OECD countries and the European Union participated in the survey.

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