OECD Public Governance Reviews

2219-0414 (online)
2219-0406 (print)
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This series includes international studies and country-specific reviews of government efforts to make the public sector more efficient, effective, innovative and responsive to citizens’ needs and expectations. Publications in this series look at topics such as open government, preventing corruption and promoting integrity in the public service, risk management, illicit trade, audit institutions, and civil service reform. Country-specific reviews assess a public administration’s ability to achieve government objectives and preparedness to address current and future challenges. In analysing how a country's public administration works, reviews focus on cross-departmental co-operation, the relationships between levels of government and with citizens and businesses, innovation and quality of public services, and the impact of information technology on the work of government and its interaction with businesses and citizens.


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Hungary: Public Administration and Public Service Development Strategy, 2014-2020

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13 Dec 2017
9789264286535 (PDF) ;9789264283985(print)

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This report analyses Hungary’s Public Administration and Public Service Development Strategy 2014-2020, focusing on human resources management, digital government, and budgeting practices. It also provides practical recommendations for improving efficiency.

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  • Foreword and acknowledgements

    This report is the final product of the OECD-Hungary Strategic Partnership project, which also includes the 2015 publications Review of the Territorial State Administration of Hungary and Government at a Glance: How Hungary compares. After presenting a brief overview of the results of the public sector reforms known as the “Magyary Programmes” carried out between 2010 and 2013, the report analyses Hungary’s Public Administration and Public Service Development Strategy (PAPSDS) 2014-2020 and provides practical recommendations on three key areas: human resources management, digital government and budgeting practices.

  • Executive summary

    This publication provides a brief strategic review of Hungary’s Public Administration and Public Service Development Strategy 2014-2020 (hereafter referred to as the “Strategy”). The Strategy builds upon previous public sector reforms, the “Magyary Programmes 11.0 and 12.0”, carried out by the Hungarian government from 2010 to 2013.

  • Assessment and recommendations

    This chapter starts with a brief introduction to the aims of the project followed by a brief assessment and recommendation of the past comprehensive public sector reform programmes in Hungary - the Magyary programmes. It also discusses whether the new public sector reform strategy sets the right direction for Hungary. There is a summary of the review of the three key themes of this current review of planned public sector reforms, covered in three consecutive chapters on human resources management, digital government and budgeting practices and the recommendations proposed.

  • Achievements of previous reform efforts – the “Magyary” programmes

    This chapter provides a brief strategic review of Hungary’s Public Administration and Public Service Development Strategy. It continues with a brief analysis of the status report included in Hungary’s Public Administration and Public Service Development Strategy, enumerating the major achievements and shortcomings of the “Magyary programmes” carried out from 2011 - 2013. It touches upon the aims and results of the reorganisation of both the central and territorial administration in Hungary; administrative simplification; e-government; and some key aspects of human resources management reforms.

  • Does the new strategy set the right direction, the right guiding principles and select the right areas for intervention?

    The guiding principles and the vision of the new Public Administration and Public Service strategy is examined in this chapter. The need for a stable legal environment for economic development is discussed; as well as the requirement to carry out impact assessments before policy interventions, including the analysis of distributional effects of suggested policies. Various ways for meaningful citizen and business participation in policy making is also considered together with human resources management practices to ensure a capable, motivated and dedicated workforce. The lack of planned budgeting reforms is also questioned.

  • Reforms of human resources management of the civil service

    A thorough investigation of the human resources management reforms between 2010-2013 as well as the planned reforms are provided in this chapter which evaluates whether the requirements for a merit based, neutral, professional government workforce are established in Hungary. This entails a description and enumeration of the public sector workforce, as well as the practices and reforms plans related to recruitment and selection, job evaluation, performance evaluation, remuneration, promotion and dismissal. The special human resources management practices for the senior civil service are investigated, as well as the dissatisfaction of public servants with pay and benefits.

  • Digital building blocks of a modern public administration in Hungary

    Detailed evaluations of the current situation and the Hungarian government‘s digital strategy are included in this chapter which also answers key questions including: How far is Hungary from its vision of a digital state where government, citizens and businesses are taking full advantage of what digital technology offers? How does the government’s strategy fit with the digital maturity of Hungarian society? How much is evidence used in making decisions? What are the pros and cons of the solutions selected for inter-operability and electronic identification? How much are governance options and leadership considered in achieving the desired outcomes?

  • Towards a budgetary reform in the context of the public administration and public service development strategy 2014-2020

    The Hungarian public sector reforms have been weak on budget issues. In this chapter current budgeting practices and future plans of Hungary are discussed and an evaluation is provided on how far Hungary is from the move from line-item based budgeting to task-based budgeting, as well as the current status of performance budgeting and auditing. The link between evidence-based decision-making, the need to measure the results of the public sector reforms, the performance of organizations and organizational units and these budgeting practices are also considered.

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