Greece faces an immense, perhaps unique, and increasingly urgent challenge today. It needs to find the will and the way to reform in depth, to reconcile emergency measures with long-lasting reforms. Deep reforms may seem less urgent compared with the agenda to restore public finances, but they are critical. In the face of growing social and political discontent, the future crucially depends on the government’s ability to link short-term austerity measures with a long-term vision aimed at restoring growth and improving the population’s welfare, backed up by wide-ranging structural reforms.
Abbreviations and acronyms
This OECD report presents the results of a functional review of the central administration in Greece. Its focus is on the organisation and operation of the central administration; it does not discuss the objectives of government policies, but rather it aims to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of the central government administration in reaching those objectives.
When assessing Greece’s current reform needs and efforts, it is important to look back at the reforms already undertaken. The economic and social strategy followed by Greek governments has been largely focused on European integration. Prior to its entry into the European Monetary Union (EMU) on 1 January 2001, Greece had to make significant progress in macroeconomic management, to bring down its underlying rate of inflation and to keep its public deficits under control. Major structural reforms were also introduced during the 1990s in various parts of the public sector. Market liberalisation advanced, market regulation was assigned to independent bodies, and only a few state monopolies remained.
The debt crisis and the role of the Centre of Government
This chapter describes the background to the public finance crisis in Greece. It looks at the structural adjustment plan undertaken by Greece in 2010-11 and at the country’s medium-term financial strategy. It then examines efforts to strengthen the Greek Centre of Government and to facilitate co-ordination and collaboration across the Greek central administration.
General organisation of the central government
This chapter reviews the general organisation of the Greek central Government. It offers an overview of the "state of play", then concludes with eight recommendations for better, more efficient central government.
This chapter examines human resources management in the Greek public administration. It looks at the ongoing efforts to change prevailing practices in the civil service and outlines the challenges that lie ahead. It concludes with ten recommendations to reform and strengthen HR within the Greek Government.
This chapter looks at budget, financial and accounting structures in the Greek central government, as well as at recently proposed reforms and the challenges ahead. It concludes with six recommendations for improving the budget process.
Policy development and implementation
This chapter describes the Greek policy-making process. It focuses on recent efforts to improve the quality and coherence of policy making, identifying areas for further reform and development. It also offers seven recommendations for better policy making in Greece.
Annex A: Map of Greece's public sector
Annex B: List of ministries and policy fields considered in the mapping
Annex C: Aspects of the links between the central government and its supervised public sector entities
Annex D: Mapping methodology
Between February and June 2011, the Ministry of the Interior, Decentralisation and E-Governance conducted a detailed mapping of the Greek central administration with the methodological support of the OECD Secretariat. The mapping covered all of the Hellenic Government’s 14 ministries (considered at the level of general secretariats and single administrative sectors), as well as the General Secretariat of the Prime Minister and the General Secretariat of the Government...
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