Fighting Hard-core Cartels

Fighting Hard-core Cartels

Harm, Effective Sanctions and Leniency Programmes You do not have access to this content

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29 May 2002
9789264174993 (PDF) ;9789264197350(print)

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Hard-core cartels are the most egregious violations of competition law. What are the most appropriate tools to fight them? 

In this book, the OECD identifies an increasingly successful  "carrot-and-stick"  approach –  applying stiffer punishment for cartel operators and enhancing programmes aimed at rewarding cartel members who decide to defect and co-operate with the authorities.  This book contributes to the existing knowledge about the extent of cartels' overcharges and other harm  to businesses and consumers worldwide, and sheds light on new and effective "leniency programmes", as well as on optimal sanctions in cartel cases.

Also available in French
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Table of Contents

Part I. Report on Leniency Programs to Fight Hard-Core Cartels
-Annex A. US PRogram
--US Antitrust Division Corporate Leniency Policy
--US Antitrust Division Leniency Policy for Individuals
--Model Amnesty Letter, Corporations
--Model Amnesty Letter, Individuals
-Annex B. UK Program
--Office of Fair Trading, Guidance on the Appropriate Amount of Penalty
--Draft Letter for Full Leniency
--Draft Letter for Partial Leniency
-Annex C. Canada Immunity Program
--Competition Bureau Information Bulletin Immunity Program under the Competition Act
-Annex D. EC Program
--Commission NOtice on the Non-Imposition or Reduction of Fines in Cartel Cases
-Appendix I. The 2002 European Commission Notice on Leniency
-Appendix II. The EU Commission Press Release on the 2002 Notice on Leniency
Part II. Report on the Nature and Impact of Hard Core Cartels and Sanctions against Cartgels under National Competition Laws
-Annex A. Selected Cartel Cases
-Annex B. Available Sanctions for Hard Core Cartels
-Annex C. Summary of Submissions on Cartel Enforcement by Non-Member Invitees to the OECD Global Forum on Competition
Part III. Recommendation of the Council Concerning Effective Action against Hard Core Cartels


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