OECD Public Governance Reviews

ISSN :
2219-0414 (online)
ISSN :
2219-0406 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/22190414
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Also available in: French
 
Colombia: Implementing Good Governance

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Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
25 Oct 2013
Pages :
492
ISBN :
9789264202177 (PDF) ; 9789264202160 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264202177-en

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Colombia has undergone profound change over the last ten years and has made significant progress in implementing its governance agenda with policies that aim to strengthen its institutions and promote sustainable, inclusive growth in all regions of the country. The Public Governance Review therefore offers advice to help Colombia address its governance challenges effectively and efficiently over time. It provides an assessment and recommendations on how to improve its ability to set, steer, and implement multi-year national development strategy. The Review addresses centre-of-government co-ordination, evidence-based decision-making, multi-level governance and thematic issues related to whole-of-government strategic human resource management, e-government, and public procurement. Overall, strategic agility in managing an efficient and effective public administration that delivers sound policy to citizens and business in support of the country’s security, growth and prosperity, are key to ensuring that Colombia’s government can deliver policy in a way that advances the country’s long-term development, cohesion, competitiveness and prosperity agenda.

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  • Click to Access:  Foreword and Acknowledgements

    Colombia is Latin America’s third largest economy as measured by GDP (2012) and is endowed with abundant natural resources (OECD 2013). Colombia’s booming economy has been accompanied by a strengthening of its political institutions. Significant political reform since the early 1990s, beginning with the adoption of the Political Constitution of 1991, has facilitated the modernisation of economic activity. These reforms, together with the improved security situation, rising mining activity and strong world commodity prices, are supporting robust growth that will likely be sustained over the medium term.

  • Click to Access:  Executive summary

    Colombia has undergone profound change since proclaiming its Political Constitution in 1991, and has made significant progress in implementing successive waves of a goodgovernance agenda with initiatives that aim to strengthen its institutions and promote sustainable, inclusive growth in all regions of the country. In pursuing this agenda, the current Government of Colombia requested that the OECD conduct a Public Governance Review to offer advice on how Colombia can address its governance challenges effectively and efficiently over time.

  • Click to Access:  Assessment and recommendations

    Colombia is Latin America’s third largest economy as measured by GDP (2012) and is endowed with abundant natural resources (OECD 2013). Colombia’s booming economy has been accompanied by a strengthening of its political institutions. Significant political reform since the early 1990s, beginning with the adoption of the Political Constitution of 1991, has facilitated the modernisation of economic activity. These reforms, together with the improved security situation, rising mining activity and strong world commodity prices, are supporting robust growth that will likely be sustained over the medium term.

  • Click to Access:  Contextual factors influencing governance in Colombia

    Colombia is Latin America’s third largest economy as measured by GDP (2012) and is endowed with abundant natural resources. Significant political reform since the early 1990s, beginning with the adoption of the Political Constitution of 1991, has facilitated the modernisation of economic activity. While the country has weathered the recent economic crisis well, its GDP growth rates may stabilise over the medium term, inequality remains acute, severe regional disparities persist, productivity remains stubbornly low and its fiscal environment could become tighter over time. This chapter provides an overview of Colombia’s economic, demographic, policy and fiscal challenges and opportunities, themselves influenced by the country’s history and its recent political evolution. It highlights the need to improve its governance capacity to enhance the country’s prospects of achieving "prosperity for all", the current government’s medium-term strategic priority.

  • Click to Access:  Centre-of-Government co-ordination in Colombia

    This chapter examines the role of Colombia’s Centre of Government (CoG) to implement and steer strategy, and highlights the impressive progress made in modernising both its institutional arrangements and its strategic approach to governance. The chapter examines the strength and agility of Colombia’s CoG institutions to lead the implementation of its National Development Plan. It highlights recent successes at governance reform, underscoring the need to improve whole-of-government co-ordination capability further by formalising capacity at the level of the Council of Ministers and the Presidency.

  • Click to Access:  Evidence-based decision making in Colombia

    This chapter assesses the extent to which Colombia’s central government could improve its decision-making practices by building on its impressive achievements in whole-of-government performance-assessment, linking budgeting to strategyimplementation, and in whole-of-government audit and control to fight corruption. The chapter addresses the need for Colombia to enhance its strategic-foresight capacity by harnessing evidence on emerging challenges and trends over a ten to twenty-year planning horizon to inform its four-year development plans. It assesses Colombia’s capacity related to performance assessment, regulation and rule-making, and audit and control, highlighting recent successes at reform and suggesting that the central government build on these and build capacity in these areas sub-nationally.

  • Click to Access:  Multi-level governance in Colombia

    This chapter highlights the importance of effective and efficient multi-level governance to enhance national development outcomes for citizens and businesses. The chapter highlights the history of Colombia’s approach to multi-level governance, noting the commitment of the central government to decentralisation through the political and fiscal empowerment of sub-national authorities since 1991. The chapter suggests that Colombia build on its successes in this area by focussing on ways to link national and regional strategy-setting and implementation more explicitly in the pursuit of development outcomes, and by building capacity sub-nationally to ensure vertical coherence so that all levels of government can contribute effectively and efficiently to addressing regional disparities and persistent poverty.

  • Click to Access:  Conclusion: Making governance reform happen in Colombia

    This concluding chapter summarises the analysis provided in the Review, and offers advice on a package of possible reforms to improve CoG co-ordination capacity, outcomes-based assessment, strategic foresight and audit and control functions, and strengthen multi-level governance. This chapter also offers advice on sequencing, staging and communications issues that can affect the successful implementation of Colombia’s good-governance agenda over time.

  • Click to Access:  Human resource management in Colombia

    Workforce-management reforms and the creation of a modern and dynamic humanresources management (HRM) system are essential to equip the public sector to play its part in Colombia’s economic and social development. Effective integration of the management of the public-sector workforce into overall public-management reform efforts is central to ensuring that public-sector HRM supports the strategic needs of government. This will increase confidence that public institutions are productive, well-managed and operating in the public interest – for the good of citizen and the benefit of the country.

  • Click to Access:  Public procurement in Colombia

    This Annex examines how the government of Colombia can use public procurement in a more transparent and effective manner to achieve policy objectives.

  • Click to Access:  National development through the strategic use of ICT and e-Government in Colombia

    Colombia is emerging as an important economic actor in Latin America and in the world. Significant progress has been made on a number of fronts over the last decade, including in reducing crime and enhancing security along with improvements in infrastructure and in the delivery of public services. The country is marked by flourishing optimism and confidence in the future (see Chapter 1).

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