International Transport Forum Discussion Papers

Shifting towards Low Carbon Mobility Systems
ISSN : 
2223-439X (en ligne)
DOI : 
10.1787/2223439x
Cacher / Voir l'abstract
The International Transport Forum at the OECD is an intergovernmental organisation with 54 member economies. It acts as a strategic think tank for transport policy and organizes an annual summit of ministers. Our work is underpinned by economic research, statistics collection and policy analysis, often undertaken in collaboration with many of the world's leading research figures in academia, business and government. This series of Discussion Papers is intended to disseminate the ITF’s research findings rapidly among specialists in the field concerned.
Previous papers addressing these policy issues are available via http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/20708270
 
Cacher / Voir les résumés
Page: 1 (N° 2015/17) , 2 (N° 2013/24) , 3 (N° 2011/14) | Suivant
Sélectionner Numéro Date TitreCliquez pour accéder
  N° 2015/17   01 mai 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrjggnhh.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/shifting-towards-low-carbon-mobility-systems_5jrvzrjggnhh-en
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Shifting towards Low Carbon Mobility Systems
Aimée Aguilar Jaber, Daniela Glocker
Private motorised vehicles account today for 90% of total surface transport1 CO2 emissions. Car fleets are growing rapidly in many cities in the developing world, where population and income growth will be concentrated in the coming decades. For example, whilst urban agglomerations with more...
  N° 2015/16   01 mai 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrldjs8n.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/policy-strategies-for-vehicle-electrification_5jrvzrldjs8n-en
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Policy Strategies for Vehicle Electrification
Gunnar Lindberg, Lasse Fridstrøm
An increase in the market share of electric vehicles is one possible policy strategy for greenhouse gas (GHG) abatement. Many governments have introduced schemes to increase the market uptake – fiscal incentives, subsidies and various regulatory policies such as support for charging stations,...
  N° 2015/15   01 mai 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrlp5gzn.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/tourism-facilitation-as-part-of-transport-policy_5jrvzrlp5gzn-en
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Tourism Facilitation as part of Transport Policy
OECD, ITF
With over one billion international tourist arrivals per year, forecast to rise to 1.5 billion per year by 2020, transport is an essential component of the tourism system. Transport connects tourism generating regions (both domestic and international) to destinations, and facilitates the...
  N° 2015/14   01 mai 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrlw74nv.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/cruise-shipping-and-urban-development_5jrvzrlw74nv-en
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Cruise Shipping and Urban Development
Thanos PALLIS
Cruise shipping has first established as the transportation of pleasure-seeking upper class travellers on seagoing vessels offering one or more ports of call in the United States and the Caribbean. Today this is a highly efficient global business. Modern specialised ships – radically different...
  N° 2015/13   01 mai 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrm4t724.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/port-hinterland-connectivity_5jrvzrm4t724-en
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Port Hinterland Connectivity
Olaf Merk, Theo Notteboom
The competitiveness of a seaport depends on the extent the cargo handled in the port can reach its hinterland destination (e.g. Acciaro & McKinnon, 2013). The importance of hinterland connections has been recognised as one of the most critical issues in port competitiveness and development in...
  N° 2015/12   01 mai 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrnmhx7k.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/efficiency-in-railway-operations-and-infrastructure-management_5jrvzrnmhx7k-en
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Efficiency in Railway Operations and Infrastructure Management
Dejan Makovsek, Vincent Benezech, Stephen Perkins
The ITF has produced a series of reports and discussion papers addressing the interrelated issues of railway structure and performance; see for example Beck et al. (2013), Thompson (2013), ECMT (2007) and, Thompson (2007). The academic literature on this subject is also significant, with good...
  N° 2015/11   01 avr 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrqdmnxr.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/capitalising-on-the-grey-haired-globetrotters_5jrvzrqdmnxr-en
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Capitalising on the Grey-haired Globetrotters
Ann Frye
This paper explores the impact of demographic trends on the market for tourism and considers how the economic power of older tourists is being – or could be – harnessed to maximise the potential both for visitors and domestic populations. The paper also suggests strategies to capitalise more...
  N° 2015/10   01 mars 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrqmhc7h.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/publicly-funded-passenger-transport-services-in-finland_5jrvzrqmhc7h-en
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Publicly Funded Passenger Transport Services in Finland
Jari Kauppila
The share of bus transport of total passenger transport (as a percentage of total inland passenger-kilometres) is slightly above EU average in Finland. Buses account for around 10% of total passenger transport, compared with the EU average of 9% in 2011. The share of rail in total passenger...
  N° 2015/09   01 mars 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrqv2p0t.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/passenger-transport-in-rural-and-sparsely-populated-areas-in-france_5jrvzrqv2p0t-en
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Passenger Transport in Rural and Sparsely Populated Areas in France
Christophe Saroli
Improving mobility is a major issue in sparsely populated areas. The low population density in these localities often means that longer journeys are required to access services, carry out everyday activities or maintain social links. Whole sections of the population – in particular older...
  N° 2015/08   01 mars 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrrgg6lv.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/public-transport-provision-in-rural-and-sparsely-populated-areas-in-norway_5jrvzrrgg6lv-en
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Public Transport Provision in Rural and Sparsely Populated Areas in Norway
Merethe Dotterud Leiren, Kare Skollerud
Norway and Finland share several commonalities, being Nordic democracies with a population of 5.1 and 5.5 million and large rural areas. With decreasing population in rural areas, given aging and structural changes in society, both countries face challenges in trying to keep the costs of...
  N° 2015/07   01 mars 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrrqb49v.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/report-on-public-transport-provision-in-rural-and-depopulated-areas-in-the-united-kingdom_5jrvzrrqb49v-en
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Report on Public Transport Provision in Rural and Depopulated Areas in the United Kingdom
Peter White
In drawing lessons from experience in the United Kingdom, it is useful to firstly examine some of the overall differences between the UK and Finland, both in respect of aggregate statistics and structure of the public transport system. The following statistics indicate the main comparisons. In...
  N° 2015/06   01 fév 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrsl7tkk.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/what-do-we-mean-by-a-level-playing-field-in-international-aviation_5jrvzrsl7tkk-en
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What Do We Mean by a Level Playing Field in International Aviation?
Mike Tretheway, Robert Andriulaitis
The issue of a "level playing field" has re-emerged as a major issue in international aviation. This issue has been around for decades but has been raised in recent policy debates. One policy forum in which this has been raised is the European Commission’s proposed revision to Regulation...
  N° 2015/05   01 fév 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw13st0z37.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-regulatory-asset-base-model-and-the-project-finance-model-a-comparative-analysis_5jrw13st0z37-en
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The Regulatory Asset Base Model and the Project Finance Model: A comparative analysis
Dejan Makovsek
  N° 2015/04   01 jan 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw13t57flq.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/eu-air-transport-liberalisation-process-impacts-and-future-considerations_5jrw13t57flq-en
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EU Air Transport Liberalisation Process, Impacts and Future Considerations
Guillaume Burghouwt, Pablo Mendes De Leon, Jaap De Wit
The stepwise liberalisation of the EU internal aviation market resulted in 1993 in an open internal market that generated a series of supply side responses, which are partly comparable with the changes demonstrated in the deregulated US domestic air transport market. However, the starting point...
  N° 2015/03   01 jan 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw14h18ls5.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/dominant-carrier-performance-and-international-liberalisation_5jrw14h18ls5-en
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Dominant Carrier Performance and International Liberalisation
Xiaowen Fu, Tae H. Oum
Numerous studies on the aviation industry have confirmed that significant benefits can be brought by liberalizing the international market. After a comprehensive review of the recent studies on this issue, Fu and Oum (2014) concluded that there is strong evidence that liberalisation introduces...
  N° 2015/02   01 jan 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw14hcn6lx.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/assessing-the-prospects-for-an-e-u-asean-air-transport-agreement_5jrw14hcn6lx-en
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Assessing the Prospects for an E.U.-ASEAN Air Transport Agreement
Alan Khee, Jin Tan
In February 2014, transport officials from the European Union (E.U.) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) met on the sidelines of the Singapore Airshow to discuss a possible comprehensive air transport agreement between both sides. At the meeting’s conclusion, the ASEAN states...
  N° 2015/01   01 jan 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw1khtxts1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-governance-and-regulation-of-ports_5jrw1khtxts1-en
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The Governance and Regulation of Ports
Claudio Ferrari, Alessio Tei, Olaf Merk
Italian ports handled approximately 460 million tonnes of cargo in 2012 according to the last statistical report of the Italian Association of Port Authorities1 (Assoporti, 2014). This is more or less the same amount as the port of Rotterdam alone. The cargo handled at the port of Antwerp – the...
  N° 2014/25   01 déc 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw1kn72gs0.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/public-private-partnerships-for-transport-infrastructure_5jrw1kn72gs0-en
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Public Private Partnerships for Transport Infrastructure :
Dejan Makovsek, Stephen Perkins, Bjorn Hasselgren
The use of public private partnerships (PPPs) for investment in transport infrastructure has a long history, spreading rapidly in Latin America in the 1980s and in the 1990s in the UK. There are many forms of PPP, ranging from the project finance type (e.g. Design, Build, Finance, Maintain,...
  N° 2014/24   01 nov 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw1knfjfs5.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/les-indicateurs-d-efficience-du-transport-ferroviaire-en-france_5jrw1knfjfs5-fr
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Les indicateurs d'efficience du transport ferroviaire en France
Alain Bonnafous, Yves Crozet
La France est un acteur clé de l’Europe ferroviaire. Elle occupe, et de loin, la première place pour la grande vitesse ferroviaire (53 milliards de voyageurs-kilomètres en 2013). Grâce à l’importance de ce segment de marché, la France est le pays d’Europe qui affiche chaque année le plus grand nombre de voyageurs-kilomètres (92,4 milliards en...
  N° 2014/23   01 nov 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw1kp34lbr.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/germanywhat-is-rail-efficiency-and-how-can-it-be-changed_5jrw1kp34lbr-en
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What is Rail Efficiency and How Can it Be Changed?
Louis S. Thompson, Heiner Bente
Assessing railway efficiency is complex for a number of reasons. Railways produce a wide range of outputs including passenger service, freight service and, in some cases, separated infrastructure access services. Railways that differ in scale or in the mix of these services inherently differ in...
  N° 2014/22   01 déc 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw1kq13qq2.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/rail-efficiency-cost-research-and-its-implications-for-policy_5jrw1kq13qq2-en
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Rail Efficiency: Cost Research and its Implications for Policy
Andrew S.J. Smith, Christopher NASH
In this paper we first consider alternative measures of efficiency. We explain why simple partial productivity measures are inadequate as the basis of overall measures of efficiency, and outline two alternative approaches. The first is technical efficiency – the degree to which output is...
  N° 2014/21   01 déc 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw1kslrm9t.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/international-freight-and-related-co2-emissions-by-2050-a-new-modelling-tool_5jrw1kslrm9t-en
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International Freight and Related CO2 Emissions by 2050: A New Modelling Tool
Luis Martinez, Jari Kauppila, Marie Castaing Gachassin
International trade has grown rapidly in the post-war era with trade volume growing twenty-seven fold between 1950 and 2007, three times faster than world GDP growth (WTO, 2007). Growth in trade is expected to outpace the GDP growth also over the next 50 years, according to recent OECD...
  N° 2014/20   01 déc 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw1ktc83r1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/shipping-emissions-in-ports_5jrw1ktc83r1-en
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Shipping Emissions in Ports
Olaf Merk
Shipping could – in one way - be considered a relatively clean transport mode. This is particularly the case if one takes the angle of emissions per tonne-kilometre. Typical ranges of CO2 efficiencies of ships are between 0 and 60 grams per tonne-kilometre, this range is 20-120 for rail...
  N° 2014/19   01 sep 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw1kx98n31.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/ex-post-assessment-of-transport-investments-and-policy-interventions_5jrw1kx98n31-en
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Ex-post Assessment of Transport Investments and Policy Interventions
Tom Worsley
Ex-post evaluation can be used to serve multiple purposes at the core of which is the improvement of ex-ante analysis: - It can help policy-makers better identify the kinds of projects that work best in certain situations; - It can identify the effect of concurrent non-transportation...
  N° 2014/18   01 déc 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2xxlks8v.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-renegotiation-of-ppp-contracts-an-overview-of-its-recent-evolution-in-latin-america_5jrw2xxlks8v-en
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The Renegotiation of PPP Contracts: An Overview of its Recent Evolution in Latin America
José Luis Guasch, Daniel Benitez, Irene Portabales, Lincoln Flor
This paper analyses the experience, high incidence, lesson learned and reflections on the issue renegotiations in Latin America, based in the evolution of PPP contracts through the last 25 years. The paper also shows how countries via new PPP laws, regulations, norms and specific platforms can...
  N° 2014/17   01 nov 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2xxwdlr8.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/renegotiations-in-public-private-partnerships-theory-and-evidence_5jrw2xxwdlr8-en
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Renegotiations in Public-Private Partnerships: Theory and Evidence
OECD, ITF
Public-private partnerships (PPPs) have the potential to increase efficiency and improve resource allocation. However, contract renegotiations are common and make us question the benefits to PPPs. Under current accounting standards, PPPs allow intertemporal reallocations of infrastructure...
  N° 2014/16   01 déc 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2xz9xhs1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/renegotiation-of-transportation-public-private-partnerships-the-us-experience_5jrw2xz9xhs1-en
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Renegotiation of Transportation Public-Private Partnerships: The US Experience
Jonathan Gifford, Lisardo Bolaños, Nobuhiko Daito
Public-private partnerships (P3s) typically rely on long-term contracts between participants. When conditions arise that fall outside the expectations embodied in the contract, one party may seek to renegotiate the contract terms. Globally, the frequency of P3 contract renegotiations has been...
  N° 2014/15   01 oct 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2xzj0m7l.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/institutional-and-political-determinants-of-private-participation-in-infrastructure_5jrw2xzj0m7l-en
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Institutional and Political Determinants of Private Participation in Infrastructure
Marian Moszoro, Gonzalo Araya, Fernanda Ruiz-Nuñez, Jordan Schwartz
We assembled a large panel of project-level technical and financial data and country-level economic, institutional, political, and governance variables to assess the determinants of private financing of infrastructure in emerging markets and developing economies. Controlling for economic...
  N° 2014/14   01 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2xzr9720.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/target-low-carbon-goods-transportation_5jrw2xzr9720-en
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Target: Low-carbon Goods Transportation
Henrik Pålsson, Karl-Johan Lundquist, Lars-Olof Olander, Fredrik Eng Larsson, Lena Hiselius
The transportation sector is responsible for about 23% of all CO2 emissions globally and 30% in OECD countries with road being the dominating sector for transport emissions (ITF, 2010). National emissions data are rarely disaggregated by freight vs. passenger transport, but an estimate is that...
  N° 2014/13   01 oct 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2z02frjk.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/causal-influence-for-ex-post-evaluation-of-transport-interventions_5jrw2z02frjk-en
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Causal Influence for Ex-post Evaluation of Transport Interventions
Daniel J. Graham
This paper reviews methods that seek to draw causal inference from non-experimental data and shows how they can be applied to undertake ex-post evaluation of transport interventions. In particular, the paper discusses the underlying principles of techniques for treatment effect estimation with...
  N° 2014/12   01 août 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2z0kvgg0.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-national-audit-office-s-value-for-money-assessment-of-transport-investments_5jrw2z0kvgg0-en
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The National Audit Office's Value-for-Money Assessment of Transport Investments
Geraldine Barker, Grace Beardsley, Annie Parsons
The UK National Audit Office (NAO) scrutinises public spending on behalf of Parliament, helping it to hold government departments to account and helping public bodies improve performance and delivery. We publish around 60 value for money studies each year across a range of government...
  N° 2014/11   01 oct 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2z2fqgf1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/tpics-tiger-and-us-experience_5jrw2z2fqgf1-en
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TPICS TIGER and US Experience
Stephen Fitzroy, Glen E. Weisbrod, Naomi Stein
This paper presents the results of research recently conducted by the authors on ex-post analysis focused on the long-term economic impacts of transportation system investments in the United States (US). For a variety of reasons, the US has had a tradition of making transport investments to...
  N° 2014/10   01 déc 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2z3ttwf7.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/permanent-observatories-as-tools-for-ex-post-assessment_5jrw2z3ttwf7-en
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Permanent Observatories as Tools for Ex-Post Assessment
Alain Bonnafous
In France, the obligation to conduct an ex-post assessment is relatively recent (1982) but it has in fact revealed some methodological problems that flow from the retrospective nature of the exercise. This report shows that some of those difficulties can be overcome through the establishment of...
  N° 2014/09   01 août 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2z40j6zr.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-mediterranean-port-economy_5jrw2z40j6zr-en
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The Mediterranean Port Economy
Olaf Merk
Ports are no longer perceived as main drivers of urban economic development. A variety of factors have been identified in the academic literature to contribute to urban economic growth, ranging from human capital, entrepreneurial culture, diversity and infrastructure to planning and governance....
  N° 2014/08   01 août 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2z46t56l.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/time-efficiency-at-world-container-ports_5jrw2z46t56l-en
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Time Efficiency at World Container Ports
César Ducruet, Hidekazu Itoh, Olaf Merk
The ability of ports to ensure efficient cargo transfers is one central dimension of their overall function as transport nodes. Before containerization, such as in the late nineteenth century, large seaports were already competing in their attempt providing fast transit between sea and land, in...
  N° 2014/07   01 avr 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2z4f7d35.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/contemporary-airport-demand-forecasting_5jrw2z4f7d35-en
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Contemporary Airport Demand Forecasting
Benedikt Mandel
This paper describes the econometric system approach developed by MKmetric to perform short and long-term air transport demand forecasts while considering various determinants such as socio-economy, policy, infrastructure and land use. The necessities for modelling air transport evoking from a...
  N° 2014/06   01 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2z6nnxlq.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/building-supply-chain-resilience_5jrw2z6nnxlq-en
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Building Supply Chain Resilience
Alan MCKINNON
For several decades, textbooks, articles and consultancy reports in supply chain management (SCM) have expounded the virtues of low inventory, just-in-time delivery, single-sourcing, centralization and tightly-coupled processes. Heeding their advice, many companies have effectively implemented...
  N° 2014/05   16 avr 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rjddtf4.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/urban-rail-development-in-tokyo-from-2000-to-2010_5jz40rjddtf4-en
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Urban Rail Development in Tokyo from 2000 to 2010
Hironori Kato
Tokyo is well known as a rail-oriented city where the huge traffic demand generated from the megacity is well supported by a sophisticated urban rail system. The results of the 2008 Person Trip Survey show that rail’s modal share was 30% as of 2008; the economy of Tokyo is highly dependent on...
  N° 2014/04   16 avr 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rjgtjxx.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/planning-and-designing-transport-systems-to-ensure-safe-travel-for-women_5jz40rjgtjxx-en
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Planning and Designing Transport Systems to Ensure Safe Travel for Women
Geetam Tiwari
Safe travel for all road users is a prerequisite for ensuring sustainable and inclusive cities. Providing safe transport system is an objective for sustainable transport, because risk of injuries and deaths from traffic crashes has become a major public health concern worldwide (WHO, 2011). At...
  N° 2014/03   11 avr 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rjtw622.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/port-investment-and-container-shipping-markets_5jz40rjtw622-en
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Port Investment and Container Shipping Markets
Mary R. Brooks, Thanos PALLIS, Stephen Perkins
Ports around the globe are planning expansions to respond to the growth of containerised maritime trade and to the development needs of their hinterland economies. Following the dip in trade induced by the 2007-2008 financial crisis, global volumes are on the rise again (Figure 1), driven by...
  N° 2014/02   13 mai 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rk8h2f0.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/valuing-convenience-in-public-transport_5jz40rk8h2f0-en
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Valuing Convenience in Public Transport
Mark WARDMAN
The experience of transport systems users, in terms of comfort, reliability, safety and above all convenience, is critical in determining demand for transport services, at least when there is a choice of alternative ways to travel. Convenience is one of the strongest attractions of the private...
  N° 2014/01   14 avr 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rkhdtf4.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/valuation-of-urban-rail-service_5jz40rkhdtf4-en
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Valuation of Urban Rail Service
Hironori Kato
Promoting public transportation, which includes rail, metro, bus rapid transit, and bus services is one of the most popular urban transportation policies among transportation authorities in many countries. This popularity may reflect the social requirement to pursue a sustainable transportation...
  N° 2013/32   11 déc 2013 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rmnqzvc.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/carbon-emissions-and-cost-benefit-analyses_5jz40rmnqzvc-en
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Carbon Emissions and Cost Benefit Analyses
Svante MANDELL
New infrastructure projects may affect CO2 emissions and, thus, cost benefit analyses for these projects require a value to apply for CO2. This may be based on the marginal social cost of emissions or on the carbon price resulting from present and future policies. This paper argues that both...
  N° 2013/31   05 déc 2013 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rncm222.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/factoring-sustainable-development-into-project-appraisal_5jz40rncm222-en
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Factoring Sustainable Development into Project Appraisal
Emile Quinet
Factoring sustainable development into the appraisal of investment projects is a topical issue at both the analytical and the decision-making level. In the area of analysis, we find numerous studies and research projects devoted to the assessment of environmental damage and its translation into...
  N° 2013/30   13 déc 2013 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rnjkgxw.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-economics-of-investment-in-high-speed-rail_5jz40rnjkgxw-en
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The Economics of Investment in High-Speed Rail
John Preston
From its origin with the Tokaido Shinkansen in 1964, High Speed Rail (HSR), defined here as new rail lines capable of operating speeds of 250 kilometres per hour or more, has grown relatively slowly over the last 50 years, with the World HSR network as of late 2013 standing at under 22 000 km....
  N° 2013/29   13 déc 2013 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rnvf76j.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/new-entry-in-the-italian-high-speed-rail-market_5jz40rnvf76j-en
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New Entry in the Italian High-Speed Rail Market
Fabio CROCCOLO, Alessandro VIOLI
The purpose of this presentation is to examine a specific rail transport sector, namely high-speed (HS) rail, in Italy. This analysis will cover the main features of the Italian HS system by studying aspects such as: the legislative framework, infrastructure, services, traffic data and market...
  N° 2013/28   19 déc 2013 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw4bdd6nvf.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-financial-and-economic-assessment-of-china-s-high-speed-rail-investments_5jrw4bdd6nvf-en
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The Financial and Economic Assessment of China's High Speed Rail Investments
Jianhong WU
China has suffered railway capacity constraints for more than several decades and the need for a large increase in rail capacity has been viewed as the primary challenge. The former Chinese Ministry of Railways believed that building a national wide high speed railway (HSR) network was the most...
  N° 2013/27   13 déc 2013 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rpbk90p.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/shinkansen-investment-before-and-after-jnr-reform_5jz40rpbk90p-en
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Shinkansen Investment before and after JNR Reform
Fumio KUROSAKI
"Shinkansen" refers to Japan’s dedicated high-speed intercity rail system, and it was initially introduced between Tokyo and Shin-Osaka in 1964 prior to other countries. This event accelerated the development of high-speed railways in other countries. In Japan its total length and the number of...
  N° 2013/26   13 déc 2013 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rpjlpg0.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/high-speed-rail-performance-in-france_5jz40rpjlpg0-en
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High-Speed Rail Performance in France
Yves Crozet
France embarked on high-speed rail travel almost 40 years ago. Today it carries more passengers by far on its high-speed trains than any other European country. Regarded as something of a niche activity initially, high-speed rail has become a national priority in France as evidenced by its 1...
  N° 2013/25   13 déc 2013 Cliquez pour accéder: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rrp2w22.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/when-to-invest-in-high-speed-rail_5jz40rrp2w22-en
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When to Invest in High-Speed Rail
Christopher NASH
High speed rail (HSR) is usually regarded as services operating at 250 kmph or more, and these invariably require construction of new purpose-built lines. According to the International Union of Railways (UIC), by 2012, a total of 13 000km of such lines had been built worldwide, half in Europe...
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