International Transport Forum Discussion Papers

2223-439X (en ligne)
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The International Transport Forum at the OECD is an intergovernmental organisation with 54 member economies. It acts as a strategic think tank for transport policy and organizes an annual summit of ministers. Our work is underpinned by economic research, statistics collection and policy analysis, often undertaken in collaboration with many of the world's leading research figures in academia, business and government. This series of Discussion Papers is intended to disseminate the ITF’s research findings rapidly among specialists in the field concerned.
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Internalisation of External Effects in European Freight Corridors You or your institution have access to this content

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Anna Mellin1, Asa Wikberg1, Inge Vierth1, Rune Karlsson1
Author Affiliations
  • 1: VTI, Sweden

01 mai 2013
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External effects or externalities "consist of the costs and benefits felt beyond or ‘external to’ those causing the effect" (Anderson, 2006). In the case of transportation, the negative externalities (costs) can take the form of air pollution, noise and accidents. Since external effects do not have a market price, external effects are a form of market failure. Wear and tear of the infrastructure is external to individual drivers and operators, and thus also included in the analysis...
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