International Transport Forum Discussion Papers

2223-439X (en ligne)
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ITF Discussion Papers make economic research, commissioned or carried out in-house at the International Transport Forum, available to researchers and practitioners. They describe preliminary results or research in progress by the author(s) and are published to stimulate discussion on a broad range of issues on which the ITF works.

Internalisation of External Effects in European Freight Corridors You or your institution have access to this content

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Anna Mellin1, Asa Wikberg1, Inge Vierth1, Rune Karlsson1
Author Affiliations
  • 1: VTI, Sweden

01 mai 2013
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External effects or externalities "consist of the costs and benefits felt beyond or ‘external to’ those causing the effect" (Anderson, 2006). In the case of transportation, the negative externalities (costs) can take the form of air pollution, noise and accidents. Since external effects do not have a market price, external effects are a form of market failure. Wear and tear of the infrastructure is external to individual drivers and operators, and thus also included in the analysis...
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