OECD Trade Policy Papers

1816-6873 (en ligne)
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected trade policy studies prepared for use within the OECD.

NB. No. 1 to No. 139 were released under the previous series title OECD Trade Policy Working Papers.


Global Production Networks and Employment

A Developing Country Perspective You or your institution have access to this content

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Ben Shepherd1, Susan Stone2
Author Affiliations
  • 1: Developing Trade Consultants Ltd., United States

  • 2: OECD, France

14 mai 2013
Bibliographic information
Pages :

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This paper provides evidence of the links between Global Value Chains (GVCs) and labour market outcomes, focusing on developing economies. The literature generally indicates that firms with international linkages—which we use here as a proxy for GVC involvement—tend to employ more workers, pay higher wages, and employ more skilled workers than firms that deal exclusively with the domestic market. Our results are consistent with existing evidence found in developed economies, with internationalised firms tending to hire more workers and pay higher wages in developing economies as well. We also find a positive significant relationship between the number of skilled workers and firms with international linkages but not in certain key economies. However, this comes more from firms who are importers, exporters and foreign affiliates rather than engaging in any of these activities individually. We attribute this finding to the predominance of assembly work performed in many of the economies under consideration, where unskilled workers tend to dominate. Finally, we see a strong, positive association between shares of female workers and firms with international linkages. Engaging in international activity is shown to provide greater opportunities for women to enter the formal labour market.
skills, employment, international trade, gender, global value chains, wages
Classification JEL:
  • F14: International Economics / Trade / Empirical Studies of Trade
  • F16: International Economics / Trade / Trade and Labor Market Interactions
  • F23: International Economics / International Factor Movements and International Business / Multinational Firms; International Business
  • F66: International Economics / Economic Impacts of Globalization / Economic Impacts of Globalization: Labor
  • F68: International Economics / Economic Impacts of Globalization / Economic Impacts of Globalization: Policy
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