OECD Trade Policy Papers

ISSN :
1816-6873 (en ligne)
DOI :
10.1787/18166873
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected trade policy studies prepared for use within the OECD.

NB. No. 1 to No. 139 were released under the previous series title OECD Trade Policy Working Papers.

 

Exporting, Employment, and Skill Upgrading

Evidence from Plant Level Data in the Korean Manufacturing Sector You or your institution have access to this content

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Auteur(s):
Chin Hee Hahn1, Chang-Gyun Park2
Author Affiliations
  • 1: Kyungwon University, Corée, République de

  • 2: Chung-Ang University, Corée, République de

Date de publication
20 oct 2011
Bibliographic information
N°:
128
Pages
23
DOI
10.1787/5kg3n19538tj-en

Cacher / Voir l'abstract

This paper examines the role of exports in skill upgrading in the Korean manufacturing sector during the 1990s utilizing a unique plant-level panel data set. The empirical results indicate the important role of exports on relative employment on skilled versus unskilled workers. The main findings are as follows. Firstly, this paper documents the significant degree of skill upgrading that occurred during the 1990s in the Korean manufacturing sector. Secondly, a large part of the increase in the aggregate non-production employment share was due to the \within. effect, rather than the \between. effect. This tendency becomes stronger when we use plant-level, rather than industry-level data. Thirdly, most of the \within. changes were accounted for by the skill-upgrading of exporters, especially those exporters that were either R&D active or large. This is suggestive of the positive interactive effects between exporting and R&D expenditure in skill upgrading. Fourthly, regression analysis shows that both the \within. and \between. components of skill composition changes at plant level are strongly and positively correlated with exporting activities, while R&D expenditure is correlated only with the \within. components.
Mots-clés:
inclusive growth, wages, trade, employment
Classification JEL:
  • F16: International Economics / Trade / Trade and Labor Market Interactions