OECD Trade Policy Papers

ISSN :
1816-6873 (en ligne)
DOI :
10.1787/18166873
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected trade policy studies prepared for use within the OECD.

NB. No. 1 to No. 139 were released under the previous series title OECD Trade Policy Working Papers.

 

Estimating the Constraints to Agricultural Trade of Developing Countries You or your institution have access to this content

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Auteur(s):
Evdokia Moïsé1, Claire Delpeuch1, Silvia Sorescu1, Novella Bottini, Arthur Foch
Author Affiliations
  • 1: OCDE, France

Date de publication
31 jan 2013
Bibliographic information
N°:
142
Pages
86
DOI
10.1787/5k4c9kwfdx8r-en

Cacher / Voir l'abstract

Agricultural trade is widely considered as an important contributor to developing countries‘ economic growth, poverty alleviation and food security. This report identifies and analyses some of the most important supply-side constraints to developing countries‘ exports of agricultural products, in order to inform prioritisation and sequencing of domestic policy reforms as well as targeting of donor interventions. The analysis is supplemented by case studies of Aid for Trade programmes supporting agricultural trade expansion in Indonesia, Zambia and Mozambique. The report confirms that developing countries‘ agricultural exports are highly responsive to the quality of transport and trade-related infrastructure, while tariffs still have a significant negative impact. The analysis also highlights the importance of complementary policies such as education and political stability on developing countries‘ agricultural trade performance. In the poorest countries of the sample, significant trade expansion could be achieved by easing constraints related to governance and infrastructure quality, as well as by lifting constraints related to the efficient use of existing freshwater resources. The case studies illustrate the impact on agricultural exports of constraints related to standards and conformity assessment or access to credit, in particular as regards small and medium agricultural producers, processors and traders. They also show the contribution of donor supported programmes promoting private sector initiatives to poverty reduction through increased employment and the promotion of production adapted to local endowments.
Mots-clés:
food security, trade expansion, developing countries, binding constraints, poverty reduction, aid for trade, agricultural trade
Classification JEL:
  • F13: International Economics / Trade / Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
  • O13: Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth / Economic Development / Agriculture; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Other Primary Products
  • O19: Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth / Economic Development / International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
  • Q17: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Agriculture / Agriculture in International Trade