Les impôts sur les salaires

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Taxing Wages
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Frequency
Annual
ISSN : 
2072-5132 (en ligne)
ISSN : 
1995-3852 (imprimé)
DOI : 
10.1787/20725132
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Les impôts sur les salaires fournissent des données sans équivalent sur la fiscalité salariale, c'est-à-dire sur l’impôt sur le revenu versé par les salariés et sur les cotisations de sécurité sociale qui s’appliquent aux salariés et aux employeurs dans les pays de l'OCDE. Cette publication annuelle sur la fiscalité précise également quelles prestations sont payées en espèces aux familles. Les montants des impôts et des prestations sont détaillés programme par programme, pour huit types de ménages représentatifs dont la composition et le niveau de revenu diffèrent. Les résultats mettent aussi en évidence la pression fiscale moyenne et marginale qui s'exerce sur les ménages disposant d'un ou de deux salaires, ainsi que les coûts de main-d'œuvre pour les employeurs.

 

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Les impôts sur les salaires 2016

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Auteur(s):
OECD
11 mai 2016
Pages :
564
ISBN :
9789264257634 (EPUB) ; 9789264252363 (PDF) ;9789264252356(imprimé)
DOI : 
10.1787/tax_wages-2016-fr

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Cette publication phare annuelle contient des informations détaillées sur les impôts payés sur les salaires dans les pays de l’OCDE. Elle couvre les impôts sur le revenu et les cotisations salariales de sécurité sociale payés par les salariés, les cotisations de sécurité sociale et taxes sur les salaires versées par leurs employeurs, et les transferts en espèces perçus par les ménages qui exercent un emploi. L’objectif est de montrer comment ces taxes et prestations sont calculées dans chaque pays membre et d’examiner leurs impacts sur le revenu des ménages. Les résultats permettent aussi de faire des comparaisons internationales quantitatives des coûts de main-d’œuvre et de la situation globale vis-à-vis de l’impôt et des prestations des célibataires et des familles à différents niveaux de revenus. Cette publication indique le montant de l’impôt sur le revenu et des cotisations de sécurité sociale versés, ainsi que des prestations en espèces reçues par huit types de ménages représentatifs dont la composition et le niveau du salaire diffèrent. Elle présente également les taux d’imposition qui en résultent (la pression fiscale) : les taux moyens d’imposition (qui mettent en évidence le pourcentage de la rémunération brute ou des coûts totaux de main d’œuvre représenté par les impôts et les prélèvements sociaux, avant et après transferts en espèces) ; et les taux marginaux d’imposition (qui correspondent à la partie d’une augmentation minime de la rémunération brute ou des coûts totaux de main d’œuvre reversée sous la forme d’impôts).

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  • Avant-propos

    Cette publication annuelle fournit des informations détaillées sur la situation des salariés au regard de l’impôt et des transferts sociaux dans l’ensemble des 34 pays membres de l’OCDELes éditions antérieures de ce rapport étaient publiées sous les titres La situation des salariés au regard de l’impôt et des transferts sociaux (éditions 1996 à 1998) et La situation des ouvriers au regard de l’impôt et des transferts sociaux (éditions antérieures à 1996).. Les informations contenues dans ce rapport couvrent l’impôt sur le revenu des personnes physiques et les cotisations de sécurité sociale payés par les salariés, les cotisations de sécurité sociale et les taxes sur les salaires payées par les employeurs ainsi que les allocations reçues par les familles. L’objectif de ce rapport est de montrer comment sont calculés les impôts sur le revenu des personnes physiques, les cotisations de sécurité sociale et les taxes sur les salaires, et d’examiner l’impact de ces prélèvements et des allocations familiales sur les revenus nets des ménages. Les résultats permettent également des comparaisons quantitatives entre pays sur les niveaux des coûts du travail et la situation globale des salariés célibataires et des familles au regard de l’impôt et des transferts sociaux.

  • Résumé

    Après avoir augmenté chaque année depuis 2011, la charge fiscale pesant sur le salarié moyen est restée constante à 35.9 % dans les pays de l’OCDE en 2015 pour la deuxième année consécutive. La charge fiscale ou coin fiscal correspond au montant total des impôts et cotisations sociales versés par les salariés et les employeurs, diminué des prestations familiales reçues et divisé par les coûts totaux de main-d’œuvre pour l’employeur. Elle permet donc d’étudier comment ces prélèvements et prestations en espèces affectent le revenu net des ménages.

  • Synthèse

    Ce chapitre présente les principaux résultats de l’analyse de l’imposition des revenus du travail dans les pays membres de l’OCDE en 2015. L’accent est mis sur le coin fiscal – mesure de la différence entre les coûts de la main-d’œuvre pour l’employeur et la part correspondante de la rémunération nette disponible du salarié – qui est calculé en additionnant l’impôt sur le revenu des personnes physiques, les cotisations salariales et patronales de sécurité sociale et les éventuels prélèvements sur salaires, et en retranchant les prestations en pourcentage des coûts de main-d’œuvre. Les calculs portent aussi sur le taux moyen net de l’impôt sur le revenu des particuliers. C’est le terme utilisé lorsque l’impôt sur le revenu des personnes physiques et les cotisations salariales de sécurité sociale, après déduction des prestations en espèces, sont exprimés en pourcentage du salaire brut. L’analyse concerne un célibataire sans enfant rémunéré au salaire moyen, qu’elle compare avec un couple marié disposant d’un seul salaire et ayant deux enfants.

  • Étude spéciale : mesurer le coin fiscal sur les seconds apporteurs de revenu

    Cette étude spéciale examine comment les systèmes de prélèvements et de prestations liées à l’exercice d’un emploi, y compris ceux qui ciblent les enfants, influent sur les incitations des seconds apporteurs de revenu à intégrer (ou à réintégrer) le marché du travail. Bien que tous les impôts sur le revenu dissuadent de travailler, la conception particulière d’un système d’impôt sur le revenu peut agir sur les incitations concrètes qui s’offrent aux travailleurs. C’est notamment le cas pour les seconds apporteurs de revenu lorsque divers choix des pouvoirs publics exercent une influence significative sur leur intérêt d’entrer dans la vie active (et d’y rester).

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  • Ouvrir / Fermer Cacher / Voir les résumés Comparaisons internationales

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    • Charges fiscales, 2015

      Les résultats de la charge fiscale pour 2015 basées sur les huit catégories de familles sont présentés dans les et les . Les catégories types de familles varient selon la situation de famille, le nombre d’enfants et le statut économique: des célibataires sans enfant gagnant 67 %, 100% et 167 % du salaire moyen (SM) ; un parent isolé gagnant 67 % du SM avec deux enfants; un couple avec deux enfants et un seul apporteur de revenu gagnant le SM ; des couples avec deux enfants et deux salaires gagnant au total 133 % et 167 % du SM ; un couple avec deux salaires gagnant au total 133 % du SM et sans enfant.Ce chapitre présente différentes mesures de la charge fiscale moyenne (coin fiscal, taux de l’impôt et taux net de l’impôt sur les personnes physiques, taux de l’impôt sur le revenu des personnes physiques et taux des cotisations salariales de sécurité sociale) et marginale (coin fiscal et taux net de l’impôt sur les personnes physiques). Les résultats de deux indicateurs de la progressivité de l’impôt sont également examinés : mesures de l’élasticité de l’impôt basée sur le salaire brut et les coûts de main-d’œuvre.

    • Illustration graphique de la charge fiscale pour 2015

      Ce chapitre présente les données relatives à la pression fiscale sur les revenus d’activité en 2015 pour des salaires bruts compris entre 50 % et 250 % du salaire moyen. Elles sont illustrées dans des graphiques séparés pour chacune des quatre catégories de familles et pour chaque pays Membre de l’OCDE. Les catégories de familles sont les suivantes : contribuables sans enfant ; parents isolés avec deux enfants ; couples mariés sans enfant disposant d’un seul salaire ; couples mariés avec deux enfants disposant d’un seul salaire.Les graphiques se divisent en deux séries qui indiquent la décomposition du coin fiscal moyen et marginal en pourcentage des coûts totaux de main-d’œuvre (les impôts sur le revenu centraux et locaux; les cotisations de sécurité sociale salariales et patronales et les prestations familiales). Les graphiques montrent également les taux moyens et marginaux nets de l’impôt sur le revenu des personnes physiques.

    • Charges fiscales, 2014 (et variations par rapport à 2015)

      Ce chapitre présente les résultats des mesures de la charge fiscale pesant sur les revenus du travail en 2014 pour les huit catégories de famille étudiées. Il contient les qui présentent un certain nombre de mesures de la charge fiscale moyenne (coin fiscal, taux de l’impôt et taux net de l’impôt sur les personnes physiques, taux de l’impôt sur le revenu des personnes physiques et taux des cotisations salariales de sécurité sociale) et marginale (coin fiscal et taux net de l’impôt sur les personnes physiques). Les résultats de deux indicateurs de la progressivité de l’impôt sont également examinés : mesures de l’élasticité de l’impôt basée sur le salaire brut et les coûts de main-d’œuvre.Les formats des tableaux sont identiques aux examinés dans le portant sur les résultats de la charge fiscale pesant sur les revenus du travail en 2015. Ce chapitre compare les deux séries de tableaux et analyse les changements de la charge fiscale qui se sont produits entre 2014 et 2015.

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  • Ouvrir / Fermer Cacher / Voir les résumés Évolution de la charge fiscale 2000-15

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    • Évolution de la charge fiscale (2000-15)

      Ce chapitre présente l’évolution de la charge fiscale pesant sur les revenus du travail entre 2000 et 2015. Le chapitre contient les , chacun correspondant à une catégorie particulière de famille et est divisé en trois parties : la partie a) : tableaux indiquant le coin fiscal (moyen), qui est constitué des impôts sur le revenu majorés des cotisations salariales et patronales de sécurité sociale (y compris les taxes sur les salaires éventuellement applicables) et diminués des prestations en espèces; la partie b) : tableaux contenant des données liées à la charge (moyenne) des impôts sur le revenu ; et la partie c) : tableaux indiquant la charge (moyenne) des impôts sur le revenu majorée des cotisations salariales de sécurité sociale et diminuée des prestations en espèces (taux moyens nets d’imposition des personnes physiques).

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  • Ouvrir / Fermer Cacher / Voir les résumés Informations detaillées par pays, pour 2015

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    • Australia (2014-15 income tax year)

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the public sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Austria

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Belgium

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Canada

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Chile

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Czech Republic

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Denmark

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Estonia

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Finland

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • France

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Germany

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Greece

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Hungary

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Iceland

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Ireland

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Israel

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Italy

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Japan

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Korea

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Luxembourg

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Mexico

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations.

    • Netherlands

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations.

    • New Zealand (2015-16 income tax year)

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Norway

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Poland

      This chapter includes data on the income tax paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Portugal

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Slovak Republic

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Slovenia

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Spain

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Sweden

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Switzerland

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Turkey

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • United Kingdom (2015-16 income tax year)

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • United States

      This chapter includes data on the income taxes paid by workers, their social security contributions, the family benefits they receive in the form of cash transfers as well as the social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by their employers. Results reported include the marginal and average tax burden for eight different family types.Methodological information is available for personal income tax systems, compulsory social security contributions to schemes operated within the government sector, universal cash transfers as well as recent changes in the tax/benefit system. The methodology also includes the parameter values and tax equations underlying the data.

    • Méthodologie et limites

      La situation personnelle des contribuables est très variable. Aussi le présent rapport fait-il appel à une méthodologie spécifique pour la production de statistiques comparatives englobant les impôts, les prestations sociales et les coûts de main-d’œuvre à l’échelle des pays membres de l’OCDE. Cette méthodologie repose sur le cadre suivant:

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