OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers

ISSN :
1815-199X (en ligne)
DOI :
10.1787/1815199x
Cacher / Voir l'abstract
This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected labour market, social policy and migration studies prepared for use within the OECD. Authorship is usually collective, but principal writers are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language - English or French - with a summary in the other.
 

Helping Displaced Workers Back Into Jobs After a Natural Disaster

Recent Experiences in OECD Countries You or your institution have access to this content

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Auteur(s):
Danielle Venn1
Author Affiliations
  • 1: OCDE, France

Date de publication
29 nov 2012
Bibliographic information
N°:
142
Pages
32
DOI
10.1787/5k8zk8pn2542-en

Cacher / Voir l'abstract

Large-scale natural disasters can have long-lasting effects on the labour market in affected areas in addition to their humanitarian and economic cost. Mass evacuations and disruptions to housing, transport, social services and infrastructure can impede labour market participation. Firms may need to lay off workers, permanently or temporarily, as they deal with physical damage and loss of customers. Even if employment levels return to their pre-disaster levels, the mix of jobs and workers may have changed, so that skills shortages coexist with relatively high unemployment rates. Governments have an important role to play in helping prevent unnecessary job losses, providing income support and re-employment assistance to displaced workers while they find new jobs and creating the environment to encourage job creation as the recovery takes hold. This paper examines the labour market impact of recent natural disasters in six OECD countries, outlines labour market and income support policies implemented to help those affected and discusses the challenges of implementing such policies in the aftermath of a natural disaster.
Mots-clés:
displacement, natural disasters, unemployment benefits, active labour market programme
Classification JEL:
  • J08: Labor and Demographic Economics / General / Labor Economics Policies
  • J63: Labor and Demographic Economics / Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies / Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
  • J65: Labor and Demographic Economics / Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies / Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings
  • J68: Labor and Demographic Economics / Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies / Public Policy
  • Q54: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Environmental Economics / Climate; Natural Disasters; Global Warming