OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers

Intelligent Demand: Policy Rationale, Design and Potential Benefits
ISSN :
2307-4957 (en ligne)
DOI :
10.1787/23074957
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The OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (STI) develops evidence-based policy advice on the contribution of science, technology and industry to well-being and economic growth. STI Policy Papers cover a broad range of topics, including industry and globalisation, innovation and entrepreneurship, scientific R&D and emerging technologies. These reports are officially declassified by an OECD Committee.
 
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Sélectionner Numéro Date TitreCliquez pour accéder
  N° 13   14 fév 2014 Cliquez pour accéder:  Intelligent Demand: Policy Rationale, Design and Potential Benefits
OCDE
Policy interest in demand-side initiatives has grown in recent years. This may reflect an expectation that demand-side policy could be particularly effective in steering innovation to meet societal needs. In addition, owing to constrained public finances in most OECD countries, the possibility...
  N° 12   24 jan 2014 Cliquez pour accéder:  Workshop on Integrating Omics and Policy for Healthy Ageing
OCDE
The increase in the human life span is a testament to the economic, social and medical progress made over the course of the last century. However, an ageing population brings some new challenges both to healthcare systems and to medicine in terms of the increased manifestation of specific...
  N° 11   05 déc 2013 Cliquez pour accéder:  Toward New Models for Innovative Governance of Biomedicine and Health Technologies
OCDE
This report examines examples of new and emerging governance models that aim to support the responsible development of diagnostics and treatments based on the latest advances in biomedicine. In particular, it presents programmes and initiatives that aim to manage uncertainty in the development...
  N° 10   28 oct 2013 Cliquez pour accéder:  Policies for Bioplastics in the Context of a Bioeconomy
OCDE
This paper explores the development of the bioplastics sector and its role in national bioeconomy strategies. It finds that bioplastics are at a disadvantage compared to some other biobased products, notably biofuels, that often benefit from preferential treatment. It also notes that greater...
  N° 9   25 oct 2013 Cliquez pour accéder:  Policies for Seed and Early Stage Finance
Karen Wilson, Filipe Silva
This report highlights the growth in support for financial instruments for seed and early stage firms across OECD member countries. These instruments include grants, loans and guarantee schemes, tax incentives and equity funds. This increased support is linked to the recent financial crisis and...
  N° 8   02 août 2013 Cliquez pour accéder:  Public Health in an Age of Genomics
OCDE
This report presents the findings of a research project to investigate the drivers and criteria shaping the application of genomic biotechnology to health in different national settings, and the barriers to implementation nationally and internationally. A case study approach was adopted for the...
  N° 7   19 juin 2013 Cliquez pour accéder:  Knowledge Networks and Markets
OCDE
This report aims to shed light on the role of markets and networks for knowledge-based assets. Knowledge Networks and Markets (KNMs) comprise the wide array of mechanisms and institutions facilitating the creation, exchange, dissemination and utilisation of knowledge in its multiple forms. This...
  N° 6   14 juin 2013 Cliquez pour accéder:  Emerging Trends in Biomedicine and Health Technology Innovation
OCDE
The economic and social impact of chronic brain disorders (CBD) such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative diseases will become the number one public-health problem worldwide, directly affecting 100 million people by 2050. On-going demographic trends, namely ageing populations...
  N° 5   14 juin 2013 Cliquez pour accéder:  Nanotechnology for Green Innovation
OCDE
The paper brings together information collected through discussions and projects undertaken by the OECD Working Party on Nanotechnology (WPN) relevant to the development and use of nanotechnology for green innovation. It relies in particular on preliminary results from the WPN project on the...
  N° 4   24 avr 2013 Cliquez pour accéder:  Regulatory Frameworks for Nanotechnology in Foods and Medical Products
OCDE
Nanotechnology applications have been reported across a number of specific product areas including foods and medical products, which are subject to regulatory oversight in many countries to ensure their safety and, in some cases, effectiveness. As nanotechnology develops, countries/regions have...
  N° 3   10 avr 2013 Cliquez pour accéder:  Biotechnology for the Environment in the Future
OCDE
There are at least two policy regimes to be considered, one for environmental biotechnology, and another for industrial biotech. Environmental biotechnology is focused on biotechnologies for environmental clean-up, and much of the policy in this area is around compliance. Industrial...
  N° 2   05 avr 2013 Cliquez pour accéder:  Beyond Industrial Policy
Ken Warwick
This paper reviews the evidence on emerging thinking and new trends in the sphere of industrial policy. The paper adopts a broad and inclusive definition of industrial policy, and proposes a new typology based on the orientation of policy and the policy domain. Looking at a typology according...
  N° 1   04 avr 2013 Cliquez pour accéder:  What Drives the Dynamics of Business Growth?
Albert Bravo-Biosca, Chiara Criscuolo, Carlo Menon
Differences in the dynamisms of economies are persistent. Notwithstanding the growing body of evidence documenting these large cross-country differences, our understanding of what drives them is still rather limited. This paper seeks to help close this gap. Using unique data for ten countries...
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