OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers

Research Ethics and New Forms of Data for Social and Economic Research
ISSN : 
2307-4957 (en ligne)
DOI : 
10.1787/23074957
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The OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) develops evidence-based policy advice on the contribution of science, technology and industry to well-being and economic growth. STI Policy Papers cover a broad range of topics, including industry and globalisation, innovation and entrepreneurship, scientific R&D and emerging technologies. These reports are officially declassified by an OECD Committee.
 
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  N° 34   08 nov 2016
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Research Ethics and New Forms of Data for Social and Economic Research
OCDE
This report sets out some basic rules that underpin an ethical approach to research using new forms of data for social and economic research. These rules and the interpretation that we place upon them give rise to a set of recommendations designed to...
  N° 33   22 sep 2016
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlr2z70k0bx-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/drivers-and-implications-of-scientific-open-access-publishing_5jlr2z70k0bx-en
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Drivers and Implications of Scientific Open Access Publishing
Brunella Boselli, Fernando Galindo-Rueda
This paper presents the results of a new and experimental study on the research and publishing activities of scientific authors. It also aimed to test the feasibility of an OECD global survey on science with a focus on major emerging policy issues....
  N° 32   10 sep 2016
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlr8fldqk7j-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/r-d-tax-incentives-evidence-on-design-incidence-and-impacts_5jlr8fldqk7j-en
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R&D Tax Incentives: Evidence on design, incidence and impacts
Silvia Appelt, Matej Bajgar, Chiara Criscuolo, Fernando Galindo-Rueda
This policy paper provides an overview of OECD work on measuring the extent and impact of public support for R&D through tax incentives. It discusses the policy rationale for tax incentives in the broader context of public support for business R&D,...
  N° 31   09 sep 2016
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlr8vfzdsr2-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/global-action-to-drive-innovation-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-other-dementias_5jlr8vfzdsr2-en
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Global Action to Drive Innovation in Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
OCDE
Policymakers and the research community have an integral leadership role to foster collaborative efforts to deliver the best available science for evidence based policies and approval processes. The second Lausanne Workshop of December 2015 reviewed...
  N° 30   12 jui 2016
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlv8zmp86jg-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/where-to-locate-innovative-activities-in-global-value-chains_5jlv8zmp86jg-en
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Where to Locate Innovative Activities in Global Value Chains
Rene Belderbos, Leo Sleuwaegen, Dieter Somers, Koen De Backer
With the emergence of global value chains (GVCs), production processes are increasingly fragmented and dispersed across different countries. Although many MNEs still exhibit an important ‘home bias’ in their global innovation activities, a growing...
  N° 29   01 avr 2016
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm22p40c8mw-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/no-country-for-young-firms_5jm22p40c8mw-en
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No Country for Young Firms?
Flavio Calvino, Chiara Criscuolo, Carlo Menon
This paper provides new cross-country evidence on the links between national policies and the growth patterns of start-ups. In particular, it compares for the first time the heterogeneous effects of national policies on entrants and incumbents,...
  N° 28   25 mars 2016
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm25wg57svj-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/environmental-policy-and-technological-innovation-in-shipbuilding_5jm25wg57svj-en
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Environmental Policy and Technological Innovation in Shipbuilding
James Corbett, Nick Johnstone, Karin Strodel, Laurent Daniel
This paper examines the relationship between environmental policy and “green” innovation in shipbuilding. The primary motivating question of this work is whether there is evidence of: i) technology push from innovation that enables environmental...
  N° 27   26 jan 2016
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm56frbm38s-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/reshoring-myth-or-reality_5jm56frbm38s-en
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Reshoring: Myth or Reality?
Koen De Backer, Carlo Menon, Isabelle Desnoyers-James, Laurent Moussiegt
The news that companies in OECD economies are increasingly bringing manufacturing activities back home has attracted a lot of attention in recent years. Headline cases of a number of large multinational companies have given increased visibility to...
  N° 26   25 nov 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrqdl7rvns3-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/development-of-high-speed-networks-and-the-role-of-municipal-networks_5jrqdl7rvns3-en
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Development of High-speed Networks and the Role of Municipal Networks
Bengt G. Mölleryd
All OECD countries recognise the benefits that stem from high speed broadband networks and have made tremendous progress in recent years in fostering their deployment. Nonetheless, many challenges remain in terms of how to enhance and expand these...
  N° 25   15 oct 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrs2f963zs1-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/making-open-science-a-reality_5jrs2f963zs1-en
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Making Open Science a Reality
OCDE
Open science commonly refers to efforts to make the output of publicly funded research more widely accessible in digital format to the scientific community, the business sector, or society more generally. Open science is the encounter between the...
  N° 24   24 juin 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5js03z8zrh9p-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/policy-lessons-from-financing-innovative-firms_5js03z8zrh9p-en
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Policy Lessons from Financing Innovative Firms
Karen E. Wilson
There has been increasing global concern from policy makers over the lack of access to finance for young innovative firms. As a result, governments in many OECD countries have sought to address the financing gap and perceived market failures by...
  N° 23   18 juin 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5js04dp2q1jc-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/triple-and-quadruple-play-bundles-of-communication-services_5js04dp2q1jc-en
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Triple and Quadruple Play Bundles of Communication Services
OCDE
This report examines the provision of multiple communication services over broadband access networks, a phenomenon known as “bundling”. It highlights that care should be taken to ensure that such offers do not unreasonably constrain competition or...
  N° 22   22 avr 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5js1t57jts44-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/enhancing-translational-research-and-clinical-development-for-alzheimer-s-disease-and-other-dementias_5js1t57jts44-en
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Enhancing Translational Research and Clinical Development for Alzheimer's Disease and other Dementias
OCDE
Accelerating innovation for Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias is a key challenge. Over the past few years, the OECD has conducted work in a number of areas related to innovation in biomedical research and health innovation for healthy ageing....
  N° 21   20 avr 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5js33l1jcpwb-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/scientific-advice-for-policy-making_5js33l1jcpwb-en
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Scientific Advice for Policy Making
OCDE
The scientific community is increasingly being called upon to provide evidence and advice to government policy-makers across a range of issues, from short-term public health emergencies through to longer-term challenges, such as population ageing or...
  N° 20   09 avr 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5js36rc8wwbt-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/public-private-partnerships-in-biomedical-research-and-health-innovation-for-alzhemier-s-disease-and-other-dementias_5js36rc8wwbt-en
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Public-private Partnerships in Biomedical Research and Health Innovation for Alzheimer's Disease and other Dementias
OCDE
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), through its Working Party on Biotechnology, undertook a project on “Healthy Ageing and Biomedical Innovation for Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease”. The project was conducted under...
  N° 19   23 fév 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5js64ks09dmn-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/manufacturing-or-services-that-is-not-the-question_5js64ks09dmn-en
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'Manufacturing or Services - That is (not) the Question'
Koen De Backer, Isabelle Desnoyers-James, Laurent Moussiegt
Manufacturing features again high on the policy agenda in a lot of OECD countries. While deindustrialisation and offshoring have dominated the news about manufacturing during the past decades, recent years have witnessed a number of examples of...
  N° 18   20 fév 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5js65x46nxhj-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/excess-capacity-in-the-global-steel-industry-and-the-implications-of-new-investment-projects_5js65x46nxhj-en
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Excess Capacity in the Global Steel Industry and the Implications of New Investment Projects
OCDE
This paper examines the extent, reasons and impacts of excess capacity in the global steel industry, as well as the implications of new investment projects that continue to take place at a rapid pace in many parts of the world. By focussing on new...
  N° 17   29 sep 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxwwfjx0djf-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/biobased-chemicals-and-bioplastics_5jxwwfjx0djf-en
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Biobased Chemicals and Bioplastics
OCDE
As OECD countries emerge from the global financial crisis, several countries have published their plans for the development of a future bioeconomy, an economy in which bio-based materials and production techniques will contribute significantly to...
  N° 16   03 jui 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz181jh0j5k-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/evaluation-of-industrial-policy_5jz181jh0j5k-en
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Evaluation of Industrial Policy
Ken Warwick, Alistair Nolan
Industrial policy, broadly defined, covers a multitude of policy instruments and approaches. While there has been a recent revival of interest in industrial policy around the world, systematic evidence of efficacy is relatively scarce. This report...
  N° 15   01 jui 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz2bz8g00jj-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/new-investment-approaches-for-addressing-social-and-economic-challenges_5jz2bz8g00jj-en
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New Investment Approaches for Addressing Social and Economic Challenges
Karen E. Wilson
This paper aims to provide an introduction to and overview of the social investment market for policy makers in OECD and non-OECD countries. Social investment is the provision of finance to organisations with the explicit expectation of a social, as...
  N° 14   21 mai 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz417hj6hg6-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/the-dynamics-of-employment-growth_5jz417hj6hg6-en
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The Dynamics of Employment Growth
Chiara Criscuolo, Peter N. Gal, Carlo Menon
Motivated by the ongoing interest of policy makers in the sources of job creation, this paper presents results from a new OECD project on the dynamics of employment (DynEmp) based on an innovative methodology using firm-level data (i.e. national...
  N° 13   14 fév 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz8p4rk3944-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/intelligent-demand-policy-rationale-design-and-potential-benefits_5jz8p4rk3944-en
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Intelligent Demand: Policy Rationale, Design and Potential Benefits
OCDE
Policy interest in demand-side initiatives has grown in recent years. This may reflect an expectation that demand-side policy could be particularly effective in steering innovation to meet societal needs. In addition, owing to constrained public...
  N° 12   24 jan 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jzb0z52dc5c-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/workshop-on-integrating-omics-and-policy-for-healthy-ageing_5jzb0z52dc5c-en
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Workshop on Integrating Omics and Policy for Healthy Ageing
OCDE
The increase in the human life span is a testament to the economic, social and medical progress made over the course of the last century. However, an ageing population brings some new challenges both to healthcare systems and to medicine in terms of...
  N° 11   05 déc 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k3v0hljnnlr-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/toward-new-models-for-innovative-governance-of-biomedecine-and-health-technologies_5k3v0hljnnlr-en
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Toward New Models for Innovative Governance of Biomedicine and Health Technologies
OCDE
This report examines examples of new and emerging governance models that aim to support the responsible development of diagnostics and treatments based on the latest advances in biomedicine. In particular, it presents programmes and initiatives that...
  N° 10   28 oct 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k3xpf9rrw6d-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/policies-for-bioplastics-in-the-context-of-a-bioeconomy_5k3xpf9rrw6d-en
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Policies for Bioplastics in the Context of a Bioeconomy
OCDE
This paper explores the development of the bioplastics sector and its role in national bioeconomy strategies. It finds that bioplastics are at a disadvantage compared to some other biobased products, notably biofuels, that often benefit from...
  N° 9   25 oct 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k3xqsf00j33-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/policies-for-seed-and-early-finance_5k3xqsf00j33-en
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Policies for Seed and Early Stage Finance
Karen E. Wilson, Filipe Silva
This report highlights the growth in support for financial instruments for seed and early stage firms across OECD member countries. These instruments include grants, loans and guarantee schemes, tax incentives and equity funds. This increased support...
  N° 8   02 août 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k424rdzj3bx-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/public-health-in-an-age-of-genomics_5k424rdzj3bx-en
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Public Health in an Age of Genomics
OCDE
This report presents the findings of a research project to investigate the drivers and criteria shaping the application of genomic biotechnology to health in different national settings, and the barriers to implementation nationally and...
  N° 7   19 juin 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k44wzw9q5zv-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/knowledge-networks-and-markets_5k44wzw9q5zv-en
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Knowledge Networks and Markets
OCDE
This report aims to shed light on the role of markets and networks for knowledge-based assets. Knowledge Networks and Markets (KNMs) comprise the wide array of mechanisms and institutions facilitating the creation, exchange, dissemination and...
  N° 6   14 juin 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k44zcpt65vc-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/emerging-trends-in-biomedicine-and-health-technology-innovation_5k44zcpt65vc-en
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Emerging Trends in Biomedicine and Health Technology Innovation
OCDE
The economic and social impact of chronic brain disorders (CBD) such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative diseases will become the number one public-health problem worldwide, directly affecting 100 million people by 2050. On-going...
  N° 5   14 juin 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k450q9j8p8q-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/nanotechnology-for-green-innovation_5k450q9j8p8q-en
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Nanotechnology for Green Innovation
OCDE
The paper brings together information collected through discussions and projects undertaken by the OECD Working Party on Nanotechnology (WPN) relevant to the development and use of nanotechnology for green innovation. It relies in particular on...
  N° 4   24 avr 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k47w4vsb4s4-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/regulatory-frameworks-for-nanotechnology-in-foods-and-medical-products_5k47w4vsb4s4-en
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Regulatory Frameworks for Nanotechnology in Foods and Medical Products
OCDE
Nanotechnology applications have been reported across a number of specific product areas including foods and medical products, which are subject to regulatory oversight in many countries to ensure their safety and, in some cases, effectiveness. As...
  N° 3   10 avr 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k4840hqhp7j-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/biotechnology-for-the-environment-in-the-future_5k4840hqhp7j-en
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Biotechnology for the Environment in the Future
OCDE
There are at least two policy regimes to be considered, one for environmental biotechnology, and another for industrial biotech. Environmental biotechnology is focused on biotechnologies for environmental clean-up, and much of the policy in this area...
  N° 2   05 avr 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k4869clw0xp-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/beyond-industrial-policy_5k4869clw0xp-en
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Beyond Industrial Policy
Ken Warwick
This paper reviews the evidence on emerging thinking and new trends in the sphere of industrial policy. The paper adopts a broad and inclusive definition of industrial policy, and proposes a new typology based on the orientation of policy and the...
  N° 1   04 avr 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k486qtttq46-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/what-drives-the-dynamics-of-business-growth_5k486qtttq46-en
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What Drives the Dynamics of Business Growth?
Albert Bravo-Biosca, Chiara Criscuolo, Carlo Menon
Differences in the dynamisms of economies are persistent. Notwithstanding the growing body of evidence documenting these large cross-country differences, our understanding of what drives them is still rather limited. This paper seeks to help close...
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