Demand-side innovation policies in Australia
This chapter presents four Australian programmes with significant demandside components. They address R&D and commercialisation for green passenger motor vehicles, pre-commercial procurement of R&D to drive technology development and commercialisation in SMEs, development of green technologies by SMEs through R&D and/or proof of concept, and/or early stage commercialisation, and improved access to public sector information.
Demand-side innovation policies in Flanders
This chapter discusses the Flanders Action Plan on Public Procurement of Innovation which has adopted a horizontally integrated approach in order to help government to identify public demand and define purchasing needs and increase the public commitment to procurement of innovative solutions from the private sector. It describes the use of innovation platforms for involving stakeholders and exchanging information between the demand and supply side throughout the process.
Demand-side innovation policies in Denmark
This chapter presents the result of the midway evaluation of the Danish Programme for User-Driven Innovation which uses grant funding to help companies become more user-driven and develop user-driven innovations. With the government’s renegotiated globalisation strategy, of which the programme was a part, funding for projects already under way has moved to a new government-sponsored fund for green business development and change.
Demand-side innovation policies in Finland
This chapter discusses Finland’s approach to encouraging the procurement of innovation by the public sector. It pays particular attention to the challenges involved in achieving greater response from procuring agencies at the various levels of government.
Demand-side innovation policies in France
This chapter discusses a preferential measure adopted by France to facilitate innovative SMEs’ participation in public procurement. The measure contributes to convergence of innovation policies and procurement strategies and leads to greater attention to the role of SMEs in innovation. A promotion campaign was launched to make the measure better known both to SMEs and to potential procurers.
Demand-side innovation policies in Italy
This chapter discusses Italy’s efforts to move towards a low-carbon economy. It focuses on measures to support green energy. Demand-side innovation can be used to address global challenges.
Demand-side innovation policies in Japan
Japan considers that demand-side innovation policies can address global and social challenges such as climate change and ageing populations. In addition to supporting human-resource development and technology development for "green innovation", "life innovation", and other strategic innovation fields, the government can generate demand and encourage user demand for innovation and support individuals who take on challenges in new fields. Demand-side instruments such as regulation and standardisation, which do not rely on financial resources, can also be used to promote innovation.
Demand-side innovation policies in Korea
The aim of Korea’s New Technology Purchasing Assurance Programme for public procurement of SME technology products is to stimulate more active technology development. This chapter describes Korea’s experience in this area, with particular attention to modifications made to deal with the weaknesses of an earlier version of the programme. It also describes the measures taken for procurement-conditioned R&D by SMEs and the efforts made to improve the programme’s effectiveness.
Demand-side innovation policies in Spain
This chapter describes Spain’s procurement of the world’s largest singleaperture optical telescope as a way to promote high-technology innovation. This scientific facility was developed through international co-operation as a way to raise Spain’s innovative capacity. User demand for further instrumentation is an impetus to continuing innovation and an example of the use of public procurement as a tool for driving innovation as well as international partnerships.
Demand-led innovation policies in the United Kingdom – Biometrics standardisation
This chapter describes government support for standards development in the area of biometrics in the United Kingdom. It shows that standardisation can play a significant role in creating and developing emerging technologies and can help ensure more efficient and cost-effective procurement.
Demand-side innovation policies in the European Union
The EU Lead Market Initiative uses demand-side instruments – regulation, public procurement, standardisation – to facilitate the uptake of new innovative products and services in the market. This chapter describes the networks of public procurers created under this initiative to set up common learning platforms and consolidate expertise in the area of government procurement, in order to advance the goal of innovative procurement in the lead markets identified by the LMI.
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