Uranium

Agence pour l'Energie Nucléaire

Frequency :
Biennal
ISSN :
2072-5310 (en ligne)
ISSN :
1996-3459 (imprimé)
DOI :
10.1787/20725310
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Published every other year, Uranium Resources, Production, and Demand, or the "Red Book" as it is commonly known, is jointly prepared by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency. It is the recognised world reference on uranium and is based on official information received from 43 countries. It presents the results of a thorough review of world uranium supplies and demand and provides a statistical profile of the world uranium industry in the areas of exploration, resource estimates, production and reactor-related requirements. It provides substantial new information from all major uranium production centres in Africa, Australia, Central Asia, Eastern Europe and North America. Long-term projections of nuclear generating capacity and reactor-related uranium requirements are provided as well as a discussion of long-term uranium supply and demand issues. This edition focuses on recent price and production increases that could signal major changes in the industry.

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Uranium 2009

Uranium 2009

Resources, Production and Demand You do not have access to this content

Agence pour l'Energie Nucléaire

Anglais
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Auteur(s):
OCDE, AIEA
Date de publication :
21 jui 2010
Pages :
425
ISBN :
9789264047907 (PDF) ; 9789264047891 (imprimé)
DOI :
10.1787/uranium-2009-en

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With several countries currently building nuclear power plants and planning the construction of more to meet long-term increases in electricity demand, uranium resources, production and demand remain topics of notable interest. In response to the projected growth in demand for uranium and declining inventories, the uranium industry – the first critical link in the fuel supply chain for nuclear reactors – is boosting production and developing plans for further increases in the near future. Strong market conditions will, however, be necessary to trigger the investments required to meet projected demand.

The "Red Book", jointly prepared by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency, is a recognised world reference on uranium. It is based on information compiled in 40 countries, including those that are major producers and consumers of uranium. This 23rd edition provides a comprehensive review of world uranium supply and demand as of 1 January 2009, as well as data on global uranium exploration, resources, production and reactor-related requirements. It provides substantive new information from major uranium production centres around the world, as well as from countries developing production centres for the first time. Projections of nuclear generating capacity and reactor-related uranium requirements through 2035 are also featured, along with an analysis of long-term uranium supply and demand issues.

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    Preface
    Since the mid-1960s, with the co-operation of their member countries and states, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have jointly prepared periodic updates (currently every two years) on world uranium resources, production and demand. These updates have been published by the OECD/NEA in what is commonly known as the "Red Book". This 23rd edition of the Red Book replaces the 2007 edition and reflects information current as of 1st January 2009.
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    Executive Summary
    Uranium 2009 – Resources, Production and Demand presents, in addition to updated resource figures, the results of the most recent review of world uranium market fundamentals and provides a statistical profile of the world uranium industry as of 1 January 2009. First published in 1965, this is the 23rd edition of what has become known as the "Red Book." It contains official data provided by 35 countries (and five Country Reports prepared by the Secretariat) on uranium exploration, resources, production and reactor-related requirements. Projections of nuclear generating capacity and reactorrelated uranium requirements through 2035 are provided as well as a discussion of long-term uranium supply and demand issues.
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    Uranium Supply
    This chapter summarises the current status of worldwide uranium resources, exploration and production. In addition, production capabilities in reporting countries for the period ending in the year 2035 are presented and discussed.
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    Uranium Demand
    This chapter summarises the current status and projected growth in world nuclear electricity generating capacity and commercial reactor-related uranium requirements. Relationships between uranium supply and demand are analysed and important developments related to the world uranium market are described. The data for 2009 and beyond are estimates and actual figures may differ.
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      Argentina
      more than 56 000 metres have been drilled to test the potential of favourable portions of the paleochannel structure. The results included the localisation and partial evaluation of specific mineralised bodies containing resources of several thousand tonnes. These results allowed completion of the prefeasibility study for this U-Mo deposit. The National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) has developed a programme to complete the feasibility study of the Cerro Solo deposit including the exploration and evaluation of the surrounding areas. This last programme is going to be carried out in 2007 with 4 or 5 drills holes surrounding the sector C and 3 000 meters in the B sector.
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      Armenia
      On 23 April 2007, the Director General of the Russian Federation "Rosatom" State Corporation and the Minister of Ecology Protection of Armenia signed the Protocol on the realisation of uranium exploration work in Armenia.
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      Australia
      A comprehensive review of the history of uranium exploration and mine development in Australia is provided in "Australia’s Uranium Resources, Geology and Development of Deposits" which can be viewed at...
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      Botswana
      Prospecting dates date back to before the 80s but there has been no mining so far as there are no significant discoveries.
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      Brazil

      See the 2007 edition of the Red Book for a historical review of uranium exploration.

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      Bulgaria

      See the 2007 edition of the Red Book for a historical review of uranium exploration.

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      Canada

      See the 2007 Red Book for a short historical review of uranium exploration.

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      China

      See the 2007 edition of the Red Book for a historical review of uranium exploration.

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      Czech Republic
      A brief historical review of exploration in the Czech Republic, including the former Czechoslovakia, was provided in the 2001 edition of the Red Book.
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      Denmark (Greenland)

      See the 2003 Red Book for a brief historical review of uranium exploration.

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      Egypt

      See the 2007 edition of the Red Book for a historical review of uranium exploration.

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      Finland

      See the 2007 edition of the Red Book for a historical review of uranium exploration.

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      France
      Uranium exploration in France began in 1946, focusing on already known uranium ore deposits and the few mineralisation occurrences discovered during radium exploration. In 1948, exploration work led to the discovery of the La Crouzille deposit, formerly of major importance. By 1955, deposits had been identified in the granite areas of Limousin, Forez, Vendée and Morvan.
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      Germany

      See the 2007 edition of the Red Book for a historical review of uranium exploration.

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      Hungary

      See the 2007 edition of the Red Book for a historical review of uranium exploration.

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      India
      Uranium exploration in India dates back to the early 1950s, since the discovery of Jaduguda uranium deposit in the year 1951. India has progressed a long way with the identification of many deposits and potential provinces. A summary of past exploration activities, including major discoveries, exploration methods used and areas covered has been described in the Red Book 2007.
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      Indonesia

      See the 2005 edition of the Red Book for a short historical review of uranium exploration.

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      Islamic Republic of Iran

      See the 2007 edition of the Red Book for a historical review of uranium exploration.

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      Japan

      See the 2007 edition of the Red Book for a brief historical review of uranium exploration.

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      Jordan

      See the 2007 edition of the Red Book for a brief historical review of uranium exploration.

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      Kazakhstan
      A historical review of uranium exploration and mine development in Kazakhstan is provided in the Red Book 2007.
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      Republic of Korea
      Recent and ongoing uranium exploration and mine development activities
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      Malawi
      The Kayelekera uranium project, located in the Karonga district of the northern region of Malawi about 600 km by road from the capital city of Lilongwe, was successfully brought into production by Paladin Energy Ltd. in 2009. Transport of the first product to Walvis Bay, Namibia, via Zambia, took place on 17 August 2009. Uranium production, by open-pit mining, with an annual production of 1 270 tU, expected to be achieved in 2010, is expected to continue for some nine years.
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      Mongolia
      Mongolia has a long history of uranium exploration commencing with joint Russian and Mongolian endeavours to 1957. Initial success was obtained in the Saddle Hills area of northeastern Mongolia (Dornod and Gurvanbulag regions) where uranium is present in volcanogenic sediments. However, the country has been considered to have relatively high political risk associated with investment.
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      Namibia
      See the 2007 Red Book for additional details.
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      Niger
      See the 2007 Red Book for a brief historical review.
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      Peru
      See the 2007 Red Book for a short historical review.
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      Poland
      See the 2007 edition of the Red Book for a brief historical review.
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      Portugal
      See the 2007 edition of the Red Book for a historical review of uranium exploration.
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      Russian Federation
      Since the beginning of uranium exploration in 1944, more than 100 uranium deposits have been discovered within 14 districts in the Russian Federation. The most significant deposits are located within five uranium bearing districts: the Streltsovsk district, which includes 19 volcanic calderarelated deposits where the mining of some deposits is ongoing, the Trans-Ural and Vitim districts, where sandstone basal-channel type deposits are developed for uranium production by in situ leaching (ISL) mining and the Elkon district containing large deposits of metasomatite type that are planned to be mined.
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      Slovak Republic
      Uranium exploration began in the Slovak Republic in 1947. This work led to the identification of six areas of uranium mineralisation, but it was concluded at that time that the Slovak Republic had only small uranium resources of limited economic interest. Exploration in the eastern part of the Ore Mountains between 1985 and 1990 also led to the development of resource estimates for Kosice I (Jahodna – Kurishkova). No further uranium exploration took place until 2005.
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      Slovenia
      See the 2007 edition of the Red Book for a brief historical review of exploration and production.
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      South Africa
      See the 2007 edition of the Red Book for a brief historical review.
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      Spain
      See the 2007 edition of the Red Book for a brief historical review.
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      Sweden
      Uranium exploration was carried out during the period 1950-1985. However, at the end of 1985, exploration activities were stopped due to availability of uranium at low prices on the world market.
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      Tanzania
      Uranium was first discovered in Chiwiligo pegmatite in the Uluguru Mountains in 1953. The first general evaluation of uranium potential of Tanzania was done by conducting a country-wide airborne geophysical survey for the government between 1976 and 1979. Results revealed a large number of radiometric anomalies in a variety of geological settings.
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      Turkey
      See the 2007 edition of the Red Book for a brief historical review.
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      Ukraine
      Prospecting for uranium in Ukraine began in 1944, leading to the discovery of the Pervomayskoye and Zheltorechenskoye deposits, which were subsequently mined out in 1967 and 1989, respectively. The first sandstone type deposit Devladovskoye was discovered in 1955. In the mid-60s the exploration was concentrated in the Kirovograd region for metasomatite type deposits. leading to the discovery of the Michurinskoye, Vatutinskoye and Severinskoye deposits. At present, low-grade (0.1-0.2%) metasomatite type deposits are principally mined, although ISL mining of sandstone deposits is also ongoing.
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      • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/nuclear-energy/uranium-2009/united-kingdom_uranium-2009-43-en
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      United Kingdom
      Some uranium mining occurred in Cornwall, as a sideline to other mineral mining, especially tin, in the late 1800s. Systematic exploration occurred in the periods 1945-1951, 1957-1960 and 1968-1982, but no significant uranium reserves were located.
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      • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/nuclear-energy/uranium-2009/united-states-of-america_uranium-2009-44-en
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      United States of America
      See the 2007 Red Book for a brief historical review of exploration in the United States (U.S.).
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    Appendices
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