Nuclear Development

Nuclear Energy Agency

1990-066X (en ligne)
1990-0678 (imprimé)
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A series of publications from the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency on various aspects of nuclear development. The publications in this series provide authoritative, reliable information on nuclear technologies, economics, strategies and resources to governments for use in policy analyses and decision making.

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Trends towards Sustainability in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle

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15 déc 2011
9789264168268 (PDF) ;9789264168107(imprimé)

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Interest in expanding nuclear power to cope with rising demand for energy and potential climate change places increased attention on the nuclear fuel cycle and whether significant moves are being taken towards ensuring sustainability over the long term. Future nuclear power programme decisions will be increasingly based on strategic considerations involving the complete nuclear fuel cycle, as illustrated by the international joint projects for Generation IV reactors. Currently, 90% of installed reactors worldwide operate on a once-through nuclear fuel cycle using uranium-oxide fuel. While closing the fuel cycle has been a general aim for several decades, progress towards that goal has been slow. This report reviews developments in the fuel cycle over the past ten years, potential developments over the next decade and the outlook for the longer term. It analyses technological developments and government actions (both nationally and internationally) related to the fuel cycle, and examines these within a set of sustainability parameters in order to identify trends and to make recommendations for further action.

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Table des matières

Executive summary
1. Introduction
-1.1. Introduction
-1.2. Summary of the previous report
-1.3. International initiatives with a focus on sustainability
-1.4. Sustainability elements for the nuclear fuel cycle
2. The nuclear fuel cycle in perspective
-2.1. Introduction
-2.2. World energy and electricity demand
-2.3. The benefits of nuclear power
-2.4. The challenges to nuclear power expansion
-2.5. The nuclear fuel cycle: an overview
-2.6. The nuclear fuel cycle: front end
-2.7. The nuclear fuel cycle: irradiation stage – reactor operations
-2.8. The nuclear fuel cycle: back end
-2.9. The nuclear fuel cycle: future developments
3. Technical progress
-3.1. Introduction
-3.2. Evolution trends in the current fuel cycle
-3.3. The longer-term future, options and R&D trends
4. Progress towards sustainability: technology, policy and international trends
-4.1. Sustainability of trends in nuclear fuel cycles
-4.2. Trends in countries and global efforts for nuclear fuel cycle developments
-4.3. Comments on policies
5. Conclusions and recommendations
-5.1. Evolutionary trends
-5.2. Advanced fuel cycles
Annex 1: List of experts
Annex 2: Acronyms

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