OECD Journal: Competition Law and Policy

Frequency :
1609-7521 (en ligne)
1560-7771 (imprimé)
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This journal draws on the best of the recent work done for and by the OECD Committee on Competition Law and Policy. Its articles provide insight into the thinking a competition law enforcers, and focus on the practical application of competition law and policy. Here’s what Robert Pitofsky, Chairman of the US Federal Trade Commission said about this new journal when it was launched: "Global competition is the wave of the future, and comparative analysis of the laws and practices of various members of the worldwide community of nations is a necessary corollary. This new OECD Journal of Competition Law and Policy, compiled from OECD Round Table discussions, summaries of recent developments, and articles on topics of special interest, will introduce regulators, practitioners, and scholars to different regulatory approaches around the world and will allow us to consider in a more informed way the strengths and weaknesses of our own systems."

Now published as part of the OECD Journal package.

Egalement disponible en: Français

Volume 4, Numéro 2 You do not have access to this content

Date de publication :
26 sep 2002
Egalement disponible en: Français

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  26 sep 2002 Cliquez pour accéder:  Review of Sectoral Reforms in Ireland
Sally van Siclen

Sectoral reforms in Ireland have been an important part of the move toward market-based growth but as yet progress has varied among the sectors. Work by the OECD and by other organisations indicates that a range of key regulatory and competition issues remain in many sectors. In this report, we examine selected issues in electricity, gas and professional services, using legal services and pharmacies as case studies.

  26 sep 2002 Cliquez pour accéder:  Promoting Competition in the Natural Gas Industry

Natural gas is a key source of energy for OECD countries, both in its own right and as an input into the production of electricity. Regulatory reform in this sector shares both important similarities and important differences with regulatory reform in other network industries. Like other network industries, regulatory reform in natural gas involves promoting competition in the competitive segments of the industry (particularly competition between gas producers), the development of a robust regime for access to the remaining essential facilities, and structural separation between the competitive and non-competitive segments of the industry. OECD countries have pursued each of these steps, licensing independent producers, pricing access to pipeline infrastructure and separating gas production from transportation (although long-term take-or-pay contracts make this last reform more difficult). Unlike other network industries, however, the structure of the industry varies widely from country to country according to the number of domestic gas producers, the geographic location of pipelines and the uses to which natural gas is put. Countries which rely primarily on imported gas have less to gain from domestic reform and much to gain from reform in producing countries. As OECD gas sources diminish and reliance on imports increases, regulatory reform in natural gas will increasingly become an issue for international trade.

  26 sep 2002 Cliquez pour accéder:  Reform of Gas Sector in Russia
Darryl Biggar

There are few, if any, industries more important to the Russian economy than the natural gas industry. Russia is a major gas exporter and has substantial natural gas reserves. This industry is dominated by a single vertically-integrated firm, RAO Gazprom. The industry has faced several problems, including low domestic prices, widespread non-payment (and barter and offset schemes) and a virtually complete lack of competition. At a seminar in Moscow in September 2001, OECD experts and Russian officials discussed what can be learned from the experience of reform in OECD natural gas industries. The topics covered include enhancing the transparency of Gazprom, the need for rebalancing of prices, the "right" price for gas relative to other fuels, the financing of new investment, the structure and powers of regulatory institutions and the promotion of competition in natural gas production. A key issue for the Russian economy is whether to structurally separate Gazprom. Separation of natural gas production and transportation has the potential to enhance competition between gas producers, and stimulate development of gas fields, without necessarily foregoing the market power that Russia enjoys in international gas markets.

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