Government at a Glance 2011
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Government at a Glance 2011

This second edition of Government at a Glance more than doubles the number of available indicators of OECD governments’ performance. The indicators compare the political and institutional frameworks of government across OECD countries as well as government revenues and expenditures, employment, and compensation. They also include indicators describing government policies and practices on integrity, e-government and open government, and introduce several composite indexes summarising key aspects of public management practices in human resources management, budgeting, procurement, and regulatory management. For each figure, the book provides a dynamic link (StatLink) which direct the user to a web page where corresponding data are available in Excel® format. The report also offers two special chapters, on leveraged governance and on the policy implications of fiscal consolidation.

The 58 data sets of member and partner countries in this 2011 edition of Government at a Glance include the first ever international comparison of public sector pay for selected professions and public service occupations, which points to a fairly egalitarian pay structure in the public sector;  estimations of country-specific fiscal consolidation requirements, which have been found to be large in many countries; the level of disclosure of private interests in the three branches of government; and  the implementation gap of Open Government policies to promote transparency, efficiency and trust.

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Date de publication :
24 juin 2011
DOI :
10.1787/gov_glance-2011-en
 
Chapitre
 

Government deficits/surpluses You or your institution have access to this content

Anglais
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Auteur(s):
OCDE
Pages :
80–81
DOI :
10.1787/gov_glance-2011-18-en

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The fiscal balance is the difference between government revenues and spending. A fiscal deficit occurs when, in a given year, a government spends more than it receives in revenues. On the other hand, a government will run a surplus when revenues exceed expenditures. Fiscal balances include a structural component (adjusted for one-offs in revenues and spending) as well as a cyclical one. A structural deficit occurs when the economy is running at full capacity and governments continue to spend more than their revenues. The cyclical component of a deficit, however, is sensitive to the economic cycle and results from the difference between actual and potential output. For example, during an economic downturn, cyclical deficits result from the lower revenues and higher expenditures on social programmes such as unemployment benefits.