Cutting Red Tape

ISSN :
1997-6674 (en ligne)
ISSN :
1997-6666 (imprimé)
DOI :
10.1787/19976674
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This series examines how governments can reduce red tape in their administrations.  Some of the reports are country-specific, and some look at various issues across a number of countries.
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Administrative Simplification in Viet Nam

Dernière édition

Administrative Simplification in Viet Nam

Supporting the Competitiveness of the Vietnamese Economy You do not have access to this content

Anglais
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Auteur(s):
OCDE
Date de publication :
24 jan 2011
Pages :
108
ISBN :
9789264096646 (PDF) ; 9789264096639 (imprimé)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264096646-en

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Administrative simplification in Viet Nam has reached a defining moment. In 2007, the government launched  "Project 30", the goal of which was to reduce administrative procedures by 30% as part of ambitious reforms to modernise the public service and simplify the regulatory environment for businesses. These reforms support the development of infrastructure, increased productivity, greater foreign direct investment and a high rate of growth. Administrative simplification efforts, once fully implemented, will enhance regulatory quality and stimulate competitiveness and equitable growth. It was within this context that Viet Nam invited OECD to evaluate achievements so far and suggest future directions, including options for a ten-year programme for regulatory reform grounded in international best practice.  

This report details Project 30 and related initiatives. Using international comparisons and incorporating experience from similar reforms in other countries, it explores how Viet Nam can rapidly bring about the full potential of Project 30 and introduce a complete range of regulatory reform instruments in the near future. The lessons learnt from the management of a major administrative simplification initiative in Viet Nam will be useful to other countries seeking to improve their regulatory framework and to reduce administrative burdens, especially in the developing world and in transition countries. 

This report is published in English; a French translation of the executive summary has been included in this volume.

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    Foreword
    The OECD was invited by Nguyen Xuan Phuc, Minister and Chairman, Office of the Government of Viet Nam, to evaluate Viet Nam’s programme on administrative simplification, Project 30. This evaluation is intended to help Viet Nam prepare a ten-year programme for regulatory reform. The results of this evaluation were discussed in Paris at a meeting of the OECD Regulatory Policy Committee, 28-29 October 2010, and at an ASEAN meeting in Hanoi on 25-26 November 2010. The ASEAN meeting supported policy dialogue and an exchange of good practice.
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    Acronyms and abbreviations
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    Executive summary
    Administrative simplification in the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam is currently reaching a defining moment. As in many countries, administrative simplification has already done much to improve public governance and regulatory quality and stimulated competitiveness and equitable growth. It has received much attention and significant resources since 2007, principally by way of the Master Plan to Simplify Administrative Procedures in the fields of the State Governance ("Project 30") and other initiatives. Project 30 has, between 2007 and 2010, delivered a comprehensive inventory of administrative procedures (APs) published in an online database, a review of the necessity, legality and user friendliness of the APs and two sets of simplification measures.
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    Résumé
    La simplification administrative en République socialiste du Vietnam est en train de franchir un cap. Comme dans nombre de pays, elle a déjà amplement contribué à améliorer la gouvernance publique et la qualité de la réglementation, et stimulé la compétitivité et l’avènement d’une croissance équitable. Depuis 2007, elle suscite un vif intérêt et bénéficie de ressources importantes, versées pour l’essentiel dans le cadre du Plan directeur pour la simplification des procédures administratives dans les domaines de la gouvernance publique (« Projet 30 ») et d’autres initiatives. Le Projet 30 a, entre 2007 et 2010, produit un inventaire complet des procédures administratives publié en ligne, un examen de la nécessité, légalité et lisibilité de chaque procédure, et deux ensembles de mesures de simplification.
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    Introduction
    In the aftermath of the global crisis of 2008, governments recognize as never before that good regulations for markets are both a domestic and a multi-national responsibility. Better regulatory systems are not tomorrow’s agenda, to be tackled when the economy is improving better. Development works the other way around. In a competitive global economy, the regulatory environment of a country helps create the conditions for job creation, entrepreneurship, higher productivity and good governance.
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    Context of the review
    A regulatory reform programme including institutional development will help Viet Nam improve infrastructure, increase productivity and employment, continue to attract investment, and maintain a high rate of growth.
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    Administrative simplification in Viet Nam
    This chapter first takes stock of Project 30, its methodology and its results, as this project is the flagship initiative of the Government of Viet Nam to improve the regulatory environment. Because these projects also have greatly contributed to cutting red tape in Viet Nam, this chapter examines the one-stop shop policy and the measurement of administrative burdens. The next chapter will address other related dimensions of regulatory reform, including the improvement of the legal system under the aegis of the Law on Laws (2008).
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    Regulatory Reform in Viet Nam
    The preceding chapter examined Project 30, and other initiatives contributing directly to simplifying the regulatory environment. The experience and the results achieved during the past three years should become the stepping stone for discussing a ten-year regulatory reform programme, integrating state-of-the-art expertise from other countries.
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    Assessment and recommendations
    Viet Nam has made impressive progress in recent years in administrative and legal reform, by introducing policies, building capacities and training civil servants to improve the quality of regulation. But "good" is not "good enough". The original impetus for reform was to assist the transition to a market economy by streamlining and making more userfriendly the regulatory environment for business to prosper. There remains much to be done to fully implement policies that have been initiated or announced, and to further develop the instruments of regulatory quality. The reforms are still new and so have not yet become part of the regulatory culture, particularly at the lower levels of the administration. In addition, policy makers and civil servants need to develop skills and expertise in the use of regulatory policy tools (such as RIA) in order to use them to their fullest potential. This chapter, therefore, also highlights some of the challenges ahead and suggests policy options for future reforms.
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    Annex A. Trade restrictive measures: examples of recent administrative decisions in Viet Nam
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