Competitiveness and Private Sector Development

ISSN :
2076-5762 (en ligne)
ISSN :
2076-5754 (imprimé)
DOI :
10.1787/20765762
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This series of publications addresses different aspects of private sector development in non-OECD regions, including the Middle East and North Africa, South East Europe and Eurasia. Reports provide recommendations at the national, regional and sector level to support countries in improving their investment climate, enhancing competitiveness and entrepreneurship, raising living standards and alleviating poverty.

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Competitiveness and Private Sector Development: Ukraine 2011

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Competitiveness and Private Sector Development: Ukraine 2011

Sector Competitiveness Strategy You do not have access to this content

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Auteur(s):
OCDE
Date de publication :
11 juin 2012
Pages :
192
ISBN :
9789264128798 (PDF) ; 9789264128781 (imprimé)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264128798-en

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This review of competitiveness and private sector development in the Ukraine  provides a solid base for policy analysis and gives recommendations with immediate relevance and applicability. It includes diagnosis and policy actions for policy makers and advisors, offering policy responses to underpin economic diversification, enhanced competitiveness and private sector development. Finally, the book applies an innovative framework to identify barriers that hinder the development of selected sectors. It offers the design and suggests ways to implement specific policies to remove those barriers, including the selection and business analysis of Ukraine's most attractive sectors in terms of competitiveness and FDI appeal.  

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    Foreword and Acknowledgements

    Since 2009, the OECD Eurasia Competitiveness Programme has supported the Government of Ukraine in advancing national economic reform through its Sector Competitiveness Review project. This report contains the conclusions of the first phase of the project, the Sector Competitiveness Strategy. It provides an assessment and recommendations to guide investment policy reform and support the development of high-potential sectors such as agribusiness, machinery manufacturing and alternative sources of energy. These recommendations aim to promote competitiveness, attract investment to the country and strengthen the public-private dialogue.

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    Acronyms and abbreviations
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    Executive summary

    The Ukrainian economy experienced a decade of robust growth from 2000 onwards. During 2000-08, real GDP grew at an annual average rate of 7%, among the fastest in Europe. Foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows to the country increased at an annual average rate of 43.8% to reach USD 10.9 billion in 2008 in nominal terms. The economic growth of the country was supported by a more efficient use of resources which led to an increase in productivity, and by external factors, including an upsurge in commodity prices, particularly steel, which is one of Ukraine’s leading exports. However, during the expansion the country failed to implement all the necessary reforms required for broad-based financial stability and durable economic growth.

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    Introduction

    As part of the OECD Eastern Europe and South Caucasus Initiative (see box on the next page), a sector competitiveness review was conducted for the Republic of Ukraine to improve sectoral competitiveness and enhance its policy convergence with OECD investment instruments. The Sector Competitiveness Report is part of a wider project following a three-phase approach over five years (2009-14): first, by developing a sector competitiveness strategy (Phase I), secondly, by implementing specific aspects of the recommended policies to address the existing constraints (Phase II), and finally, by putting in place the mechanisms to embed sustainable reform (Phase III). The aim of the first phase of the project, co-financed by the Swedish International Development Agency and the Polish government, is to enhance the country’s productivity level by identifying policy barriers that should be removed to boost the competitiveness of selected economic sectors.

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    Methodology

    This chapter presents the approach and methodology used to provide a sector competitiveness strategy. This includes the definition of the concept of competitiveness and the description of some tools to prioritise high potential sectors, analyse them, and formulate policy recommendations. Finally, it examines a framework to prioritise among policy recommendations.

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  • Ouvrir / Fermer Cacher / Voir les résumés Economic overview and findingsof the Investment Policy Reviewof Ukraine

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      Economic overview

      This chapter presents a broad analysis of the Ukrainian economy. It briefly describes its macroeconomic performance and the contribution of different sectors to growth, which frames the sectoral analyses of the next chapters. Also, it assesses the endowments which have sustained economic growth and the challenges that still remains unaddressed.

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      2011 OECD Investment Policy Review of Ukraine – Key findings

      This chapter summarises the key findings of the Investment Policy Review of Ukraine. Based on the OECD Policy Framework for Investment, it assess the country’s ability to comply with the principles of liberalisation, transparency and non-discrimination and to bring the investment agenda closer to recognised international standards. The chapter provides first general investment policy recommendations and secondly suggests some measures to improve the business climate.

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  • Ouvrir / Fermer Cacher / Voir les résumés Sector-specific analysis

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      Agribusiness

      This chapter provides an in-depth analysis of the agribusiness sector in Ukraine. Examining the demand and supply sides, it explains why agribusiness is promising for private domestic and foreign investors given domestic and global trends. It identifies the role that foreign investors could play along the value chain, including farming, processing and retail. It also presents key issues and policy barriers hindering competitiveness in the sector and proposes a prioritised list of policy recommendations.

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      Focus on the grain value chain

      This chapter provides an in-depth analysis of the grain value chain in Ukraine. Examining the demand and supply sides, it explains why the grain value chain is promising for private domestic and foreign investors given domestic and global trends. It identifies the role that foreign investors could play along the value chain, for instance in improving technology and supply-chain efficiency. It also presents key issues and policy barriers hindering competitiveness in the sector and proposes a prioritised list of policy recommendations.

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      Focus on the dairy value chain

      This chapter provides an in-depth analysis of the dairy value chain in Ukraine. Examining the demand and supply sides, it explains why the dairy value chain is promising for private domestic and foreign investors given domestic and global trends. It identifies the role that foreign investors could play, for instance in increasing productivity along the whole value chain. It also presents key issues and policy barriers hindering competitiveness in the sector and proposes a prioritised list of policy recommendations.

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      Energy-efficiency and renewable technologies: Focus on production of energy based on biomass

      This chapter provides an in-depth analysis of biomass heat and power generation in Ukraine. Examining the demand and supply sides, it explains why the biomass value chain is promising for private domestic and foreign investors given domestic and global trends. It identifies the role that foreign investors could play along the value chain, for instance in producing heat and power or in the designing and engineering of plants. It also presents key issues and policy barriers hindering competitiveness in the sector and proposes a prioritised list of policy recommendations.

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      Machinery and transport equipment: Focus on civilian aircraft manufacturing

      This chapter provides an in-depth analysis of the civilian aircraft manufacturing sector in Ukraine. Examining the demand and supply sides, it explains why the civilian aircraft value chain could be promising for private domestic and foreign investors given domestic and global trends. It identifies the role that foreign investors could play along the value chain. It also presents key issues and policy barriers hindering competitiveness in the sector and proposes a prioritised list of policy recommendations.

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      Conclusion and roadmap for implementation phase

      This chapter summarises the strategic recommendations. It presents a framework to prioritise among sector specific policy recommendations, based on the country’s strategic advantage and the areas of intervention that the government can leverage. A final section discusses the next steps needed to start the implementation phase and to build-up long term capabilities.

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