Energy Policies of IEA Countries

Agence Internationale de l'Energie

ISSN :
1990-0082 (en ligne)
ISSN :
1021-3872 (imprimé)
DOI :
10.1787/19900082
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This series consists of two components. The first is an annual compilation by the International Energy Agency containing a broad analysis of recent trends and an easily accessible overview of energy policy during the last 12 months along with summaries of individual country reports done during the period. It also presents the major findings of the latest World Energy Outlook, key statistical information and brief summaries of major IEA publications released during the past year. The second component is the set of country reviews produced each year. IEA countries are on a five-year review cycle, which means that approximately five countries are reviewed in detail each year and published as part of the Energy Policies of IEA Countries series.

 
Energy Policies of IEA Countries: United Kingdom 2012

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Agence Internationale de l'Energie

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Auteur(s):
AIE
Date de publication :
30 mai 2012
Pages :
180
ISBN :
9789264170988 (PDF) ; 9789264170865 (imprimé)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264170988-en

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The United Kingdom is preparing for a deep decarbonisation of its energy system. The country has decided to halve its greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 to 2027 and to cut them by a total of 80% by 2050. For this to happen, significant private-sector investment in new energy infrastructure is needed. As it seeks concrete solutions to the low-carbon investment challenge, the United Kingdom is leading by example. The UK’s proposed Electricity Market Reform is a pioneering effort that will be closely observed by other countries. Ideally, this complex and ambitious reform would in the long run lead to a more liberalised marketplace in which low-carbon power generation technologies compete to deliver innovative and least-cost outcomes. Security of supply remains a key focus of energy policy. Fossil fuel production in the United Kingdom has peaked, and a fifth of the country’s ageing power generating capacity will have to be closed this decade. However, oil and gas imports are well diversified, and the government intends to promote various technologies to generate low-carbon electricity – renewable and nuclear energy and carbon capture and storage. More efficient energy use is essential to both decarbonisation and energy security. The Green Deal programme, which the UK plans to launch later this year, aims to improve energy efficiency in buildings and public spaces. The programme has the potential to help energy consumers overcome economic challenges, but for it to succeed, the general public must be sufficiently aware of its benefits.

Table des matières

1. Execytuve Summary and Key Recommendations
PART I.  POLICY ANALYSIS
2. General Energy Policy
-Country overview
-Supply and demand
-Institutions
-Key policies
-Infrastructure planning
-Critique
-Recommendations
3. Climate Change
-Overview
-Energy-related CO2 emissions
-Institutions
-Policies and measures
-Critique
-Recommendations
4. Energy Efficiency
-Final energy use
-Institutions
-Policies and measures
-Critique
-Recommendations
PART II. SECTOR ANALYSIS
5. Oil and Natural Gas
-Overview
-Production licensing
-Upstream tax regime
-Oil supply and demand
-Oil market and infrastructure
-Oil prices and taxes
-Security of oil supply
-Natural gas overview
-Natural gas supply and demand
-Natural gas infrastructure
-Natural gas market structure and regulation
-Security of natural gas supply
-Natural gas prices
-Critique
-Recommendations 
6. Coal
-Supply, demand, trade and outlook
-Coal industry policy
-Critique
-Recommendations
7. Carbon Capture and Storage
-Overview
-Policy, funding and regulatory framework
-International engagement
-Projects and research
-Critique
-Recommendations
8. Renewable Energy
-Supply and demand
-Institutions
-Policies and measures
-Financing and project development
-Critique
-Recommendations
9. Nuclear Energy
-Overview
-Institutions
-New nuclear construction and electricity market reform
-Nuclear research
-Human capital
-Public opinion
-Critique
-Recommendations
10. Electricity
-Supply and demand
-Market design and structure
-Transmission and distribution
-Prices
-Critique
-Recommendations
PART III. ENERGY TECHNOLOGY
11. Energy Research, Development and Demonstration
-Overview
-RD&D institutions
-RD&D funding
-International collaboration
-Critique
-Recommendations
PART IV.  ANNEXES
ANNEX A: Organisation of the review
ANNEX B: Energy balances and key statistical data
ANNEX C: International Energy Agency "shared goals"
ANNEX D: Glossary and list of abbreviations