Energy Policies of IEA Countries

Agence Internationale de l'Energie

ISSN :
1990-0082 (en ligne)
ISSN :
1021-3872 (imprimé)
DOI :
10.1787/19900082
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This series consists of two components. The first is an annual compilation by the International Energy Agency containing a broad analysis of recent trends and an easily accessible overview of energy policy during the last 12 months along with summaries of individual country reports done during the period. It also presents the major findings of the latest World Energy Outlook, key statistical information and brief summaries of major IEA publications released during the past year. The second component is the set of country reviews produced each year. IEA countries are on a five-year review cycle, which means that approximately five countries are reviewed in detail each year and published as part of the Energy Policies of IEA Countries series.

 
Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Germany 2013

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Agence Internationale de l'Energie

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Auteur(s):
AIE
Date de publication :
24 mai 2013
Pages :
210
ISBN :
9789264190764 (PDF) ; 9789264190757 (imprimé)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264190764-en

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Since the IEA last reviewed Germany’s energy policies in 2007, the country has taken two fundamental policy decisions that will guide its energy policy in coming decades.  In September 2010, the federal government adopted the Energy Concept, a comprehensive new strategy for a long-term integrated energy pathway to 2050. Following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident in March 2011, Germany decided to accelerate the phase-out of nuclear power by 2022 starting with the immediate closure of the eight oldest plants. This decision resulted in the adoption of a new suite of policy measures, determined renewable energy as the cornerstone of future energy supply, a set of policy instruments commonly known as the Energiewende.

In order to achieve the ambitious energy transformation set out in the Energiewende, by 2030 half of all electricity supply will come from renewable energy sources; Germany must continue to develop cost-effective market-based approaches which will support the forecast growth of variable renewable generation. Furthermore, the costs and benefits need to be allocated in a fair and transparent way among all market participants, especially households.

Renewable energy capacity must expand alongside the timely development of the transmission and distribution networks. In addition, a stable regulatory system is necessary to ensure long-term finance to network operators. Furthermore, close monitoring of Germany’s ability to meet electricity demand at peak times should continue in the medium term.

Energy policy decisions in Germany inevitably have an impact beyond the country’s borders and must be taken within the context of a broader European energy policy framework and in close consultation with its neighbours.

This review analyses the energy-policy challenges facing Germany and provides recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.

Table des matières

 

1. Executive Summary and Key Recommendations -Executive summary
-Key recommendations
PART I. POLICY ANALYSIS
2. General Energy Policy

-Country overview
-Economy
-Supply and demand
-Institutions
-Key policies
-Taxation
-Energy security
-Assessment
-Recommendations
3. Energy Efficiency
-Overview
-Final energy use
-Institutions
-Policies and measures
-Assessment
-Recommendations
4. Climate Change
-Overview
-Targets and objectives
-Energy-related CO2 emissions
-Trends and projections
-Institutions
-Policies and measures
-Assessment
-Recommendations
PART II. SECTOR ANALYSIS
5. Natural Gas

-Overview
-Supply and demand
-Natural gas infrastructure
-Market structure
-Wholesale market and natural gas trading
-Retail market and prices
-Natural gas security of supply
-Data quality
-Assessment
-Recommendations
6. Oil
-Overview
-Supply and demand
-Industry structure
-Refining
-Oil supply infrastructure
-Emergency preparedness and organisation
-Oil demand restraint
-Assessment
-Recommendations
7. Coal and Carbon Capture and Storage
-Overview
-Supply and demand
-Industry structure
-Subsidies for the coal industry
-Carbon capture and storage
-Assessment
-Recommendations
8. Renewable Energy
-Overview
-Supply and demand
-Institutions
-Financing of renewable energy
-Policies and support measures
-Electricty
-Heat supply
-Assessment
-Recommendations
9. Electricity
-Overview
-Supply and demand
-Market design and structure
-Wholesale market
-Generation adequacy in Germany
-Transmission and distribution access
-Network development and expansion
-Distributed and variable renewable power integration
-Electricity security
-Retail market and prices
-Assessment
-Recommendations
10. Nuclear Energy
-Overview
-Nuclear Industry Structure
-Regulation
-Assessment
-Recommendations
PART III. ENERGY TECHNOLOGY
11. Energy Research, Development and Deployment

-Overview
-Institutions
-Energy research priorities and funding
-Interministerial research initiatives
-International collaboration
-Private-sector participation
-Assessment
-Recommendations
PART IV. ANNEXES
Annex A: Organisation of the review
Annex B: Energy balances and key statistical data
Annex C: International Energy Agency "Shared Goals"
Annex D: Glossary and list of abbreviations