Energy Policies of IEA Countries

Agence Internationale de l'Energie

ISSN :
1990-0082 (en ligne)
ISSN :
1021-3872 (imprimé)
DOI :
10.1787/19900082
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This series consists of two components. The first is an annual compilation by the International Energy Agency containing a broad analysis of recent trends and an easily accessible overview of energy policy during the last 12 months along with summaries of individual country reports done during the period. It also presents the major findings of the latest World Energy Outlook, key statistical information and brief summaries of major IEA publications released during the past year. The second component is the set of country reviews produced each year. IEA countries are on a five-year review cycle, which means that approximately five countries are reviewed in detail each year and published as part of the Energy Policies of IEA Countries series.

 
Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Australia 2012

Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Australia 2012 You do not have access to this content

Agence Internationale de l'Energie

Anglais
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Auteur(s):
AIE
Date de publication :
19 nov 2012
Pages :
150
ISBN :
9789264170841 (PDF) ; 9789264170728 (imprimé)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264170841-en

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The IEA's 2012 review of Australia's energy policies and programmes finds that Australia enjoys the benefit of abundant and diverse energy resources; it is the world’s ninth-largest energy producer and is one of only three net energy exporters in the OECD. Its substantial conventional energy resource base includes coal, natural gas, oil and uranium. The country also enjoys extensive wind, solar and geothermal resources as well as large biomass and ocean energy potential.

The energy sector is a significant contributor to the Australian economy. Exports have more than tripled over the past decade and surging economic and social expansion in relatively nearby emerging economies such as China and India has driven significant demand for Australian energy and mineral resources. This boom is widely forecast to continue in the coming decades.

Late in 2011, the Australian government released a draft energy white paper, which sets out a comprehensive strategic policy framework to guide the development of the energy sector. Also in 2011, the Australian government announced a climate change plan including a wide-ranging package of clean-energy proposals and the introduction of a carbon price mechanism accompanied by significant levels of financial support for innovation in clean-energy technologies.

The scale of Australia’s energy policy ambitions is enormous and very costly even for a resource-rich nation. Significant investments will be needed for the clean-energy transition and building the infrastructure necessary to expand the domestic resource base. This review analyses the energy-policy challenges facing Australia and provides critiques and recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.

Table des matières

1. Executive Summary and Key Recommendations
-Executive summary
-Key recommendations
PART I.  POLICY ANALYSIS
2. General Energy Policy
-Country overview
-Economy
-Government
-Supply and demand
-Institutions
-Energy policies
-Energy security
-Critique
-Recommendations
3. Climate Change
-Overview
-Emissions from fuel combustion
-Institutions
-Policies and measures
-Critique
-Recommendations
4. Energy Efficiency
-Overview
-Final energy use
-Institutions
-Policies and measures
-Sector policies
-Critique
-Recommendations
PART II. SECTOR ANALYSIS
5. Renewable Energy
-Supply and demand
-Institutions
-Policies and support measures
-Renewable electricity generation
-Heating and cooling
-Transport
-Critique
-Recommendations
6. Electricity
-Overview
-Supply and demand
-Institutions
-Market structure
-Market design
-Planning and forecasts
-Electricity security
-Electricity prices
-Critique
-Recommendations
7. Coal
-Overview
-Supply, trade and demand
-Industry structure
-Government policies and programmes
-Clean Energy Package
-Critique
-Recommendations
8. Natural Gas
-Overview
-Supply and demand
-Government policies
-Critique
-Recommendations
9. Oil
-Supply and demand
-Government policies
-Industry structure
-Oil supply infrastructure
-Industry regulation
-Pricing
-Emergency preparedness and planning
-Critique
-Recommendations
PART III. ENERGY TECHNOLOGY
10. Energy Technology Research, Development and Deployment
-Institutional framework
-Policies and programmes
-Strategy and programme evaluation
-International collaboration
-Critique
-Recommendation
PART IV. ANNEXES
Annex. A. Organisation of the review
Annex B. Energy balances and key statistical data
Annex C. International Energy Agency "Shared Goals"
Annex D. Further notes to Chapter 5 on Renewable Energy
Annex E. Carbon capture and storage in Australia
Annex F. Glossary and list of abbreviations