Biofuels for Transport

Biofuels for Transport

An International Perspective You do not have access to this content

International Energy Agency

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11 mai 2004
Pages :
9789264015135 (PDF) ; 9789264015128 (imprimé)

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In the absence of strong government policies, the IEA projects that the worldwide use of oil in transport will nearly double between 2000 and 2030, leading to a similar increase in greenhouse gas emissions. Bio fuels, such as ethanol, bio diesel, and other liquid and gaseous fuels, could offer an important alternative to petroleum over this timeframe and help reduce atmospheric pollution. This book looks at recent trends in bio fuel production and considers what the future might hold if such alternatives were to displace petroleum in transport.

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Table des matières

Executive Summary
1. Introduction
-What Are Biofuels?
-Global Biofuel Production and Consumption
2. Feedstock and Process Technologies
-Biodiesel Production
-Ethanol Production
-Biomass Gasification and Related Pathways
-Achieving Higher Yields: The Role of Genetic Engineering
3. Oil Displacement and Greenhouse Gas Reduction Impacts
-Ethanol from Grains
-Ethanol from Sugar Beets
-Ethanol from Sugar Cane in Brazil
-Ethanol from Cellusoic Feedstock
-Biodiesel from Fatty Acid Methyl Esters
-Other Advanced Biofuels Processes
4. Biofuel Costs and Market Impacts
-Biofuels Production Costs
-Biofuels Distribution and Retailing Costs
-Biofuels Cost per Tonne of Greenhouse Gas Reduction
-Crop Market Impacts of Biofuels Production
5. Vehicle Performance, Pollutant Emissions, and Other Environmental Effects
-Vehicle-Fuel Compatibility
-Impacts of Biofuels on Vehicle Pollutant Emissions
-Other Environmental Impacts: Waste Reduction, Ecosystems, Soils and Rivers
6. Land Use and Feedstock Availability Issues
-Biofuels Potential from Conventional Crop Feedstock in the US and the EU
-Ethanol Production Potential from Cellulosic Crops
-Other Potential Sources of Biofuels
-Biofuels Production Potential Worldwide
7. Recent Biofuels Policies and Future Directions
-IEA Countries
-Non-IEA Countries
-Outlook for Biofuels Production through 2020
8. Benefits and Costs of Biofuels and Implications for Policymaking
-The Benefits and Costs of Biofuels
-Policies to Promote Increased Use of Biofuels
-Areas for Further Research
Abbreviations and Glossary