Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED)

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A series of reports from OECD’s Local Economic and Employment Development Programme (LEED). The LEED Programme identifies analyses and disseminates innovative ideas for local development, governance and the social economy. Governments from OECD member and non-member economies look to LEED and work through it to generate innovative guidance on policies to support employment creation and economic development through locally based initiatives. See also OECD Reviews of Local Job Creation under Related Reading.

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Job-rich Growth in Asia

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Job-rich Growth in Asia

Strategies for Local Employment, Skills Development and Social Protection You do not have access to this content

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14 avr 2011
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9789264110984 (PDF) ;9789264110977(imprimé)

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Jobs-rich Growth in Asia discusses some of the most pressing issues that countries in Southeast Asia are facing in regard to boosting local employment and skills development while advancing social protection strategies in emerging, fast-growing labour markets. A joint OECD/ILO initiative, this book analyses local approaches in Asia to modernise labour markets and skills strategies and shows how local recovery is taking place through a combination of policy measures on employment creation, skills development and social protection.
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  • Foreword
    Developing Asia is currently leading the world’s economic rebound from the global economic and financial crisis. The region has been hailed as the quickest to emerge, with the recovery marking a clear V-shape while in other parts of the world the final shape still remains uncertain. This strong recovery is largely due to China’s rapid return to high growth rates, from its lowest point at 6.2% in the first quarter of 2009 to more than 11% in the first half of 2010. China’s huge stimulus package and its growing demand for imports provided a significant boost to regional exporters from neighbouring economies. Economic growth also regained strong momentum in the other large emerging economies of the region. If economic recovery is well on its way, lagging employment growth and widespread underemployment and poverty put strains on labour markets and pose significant social challenges. The least developed economies of the region remain particularly vulnerable to a volatile international economic environment.
  • Acknowledgements
    This is a joint publication by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) and the International Labour Office (ILO). The authors of the report are: Cristina Martinez-Fernandez; Kees Van Der Ree; Sylvain Giguère and Aurelio Parisotto. The report has been prepared within the framework of the ESSSA initiative, managed by Cristina Martinez-Fernandez, Policy Analyst, OECD/LEED, under the supervision of Sylvain Giguère, Head of the OECD LEED Division. The preparation of the report was jointly directed by Dr. Martinez-Fernandez and Mr. Kees Van Der Ree (Program Manager, ILO).
  • Executive summary
    In developing Asia, which is generally recognised to be leading the global recovery from the financial crisis, decentralisation has increasingly transformed the role of local government from implementers of national strategies to equal partners with national government in the design and implementation of social and economic initiatives. Nonetheless, given the initial signs of financial overheating in the larger countries of China, India and Indonesia, and the uneven recovery in the smaller, less developed countries, local governments across the continent are facing growing pressure by their constituents to take direct action in addressing the effects of the crisis on their local economies. Local agents (e.g. government, civil society, private sector) who have a "ground eye view" are better able to assess the economic opportunities and challenges of their community; are more cognisant of the community’s priorities; and are better positioned to mobilise local resources to ensure the initiative sustains its impact over the long term. Local governments, civil society organisations (CSO) and the private sector play a critical role in national and local dialogue as they are able to provide real-time feedback for existing initiatives, and information on new opportunities and challenges that might have arisen after the initiative was set up.
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  • Ouvrir / Fermer Cacher / Voir les résumés Asia’s macroeconomic setting and policy implications

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    • Building a new model in developing Asia
      Chapter 1, "Building a new model in developing Asia", discusses the new opportunities and challenges within Asian economies after the economic crisis. The chapter highlights a potential new model to make the recovery job-rich and sustainable, focusing on skills development and employment policy; sustainable enterprise development; and social protection which is further examined later in the book. The chapter identifies the key priorities for labour market policy, social protection and economic development from a survey conducted by the OECD, in collaboration with ASEAN, among Ministries of Labour and Economic Development in countries of Southeast Asia in 2008 and outlines the book structure.
    • Economic recovery and labour market adjustment in developing Asia
      Chapter 2, "Economic recovery and labour market adjustment in developing Asia", provides an overview of the impact of the financial crisis on the economy and the labour market in the region. It reviews policy development in three areas critical to long-term growth and social progress: fiscal support to economic recovery, the range and coverage of social protection and trade orientation. The chapter also examines the scope for employment, labour market and social policies in the aftermath of the global financial and economic crisis, suggesting that if industrial and competitiveness strategies were the overriding concern in the prior decades of sustained export-driven growth, employment and labour market concerns are now at the forefront.
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  • Ouvrir / Fermer Cacher / Voir les résumés Job recovery and growth: the role of government and local stakeholders

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    • What role do local governments and local stakeholders have in an inclusive job-rich recovery?
      Chapter 3, "What role do local government and local stakeholders have in an inclusive job-rich recovery?", discusses the key issues for the recovery and highlights local initiatives that are driving the recovery in the Asian region. The chapter examines three sets of critical elements that are within the reach of public policy: (1) Fostering the dynamics between skills and employment focusing on demographic change, migration and mobility of workers in Asia, enhancing skills development and utilisation, building labour market intelligence for more strategic services, and greening jobs, skills and firms; (2) Creating jobs through enterprise and infrastructure development, focusing on recovery and post-recovery measures to promote investment in infrastructure using local resource-based approaches; and (3) Developing social protection schemes highlighting key features of two types of programmes, viz. conditional cash transfers and employment guarantee scheme. The chapter concludes with policy concerns and recommendations.
    • From national to local, from local to national: towards greater policy coherence and effectiveness
      Chapter 4, "From national to local, from local to national: towards greater policy coherence and effectiveness", explores policy coherence and the importance of local strategies for job creation and the economic recovery effort. The chapter examines (1) Opportunities for effective local strategies which focus on greater flexibility to changing local opportunities and challenges, improved utilisation of scarce resources through better targeting and greater support for national plans through local leveraging; (2) Challenges to local strategies highlighting the need to find common ground among actors for effective policy implementation, improve managerial and technical capacities, and expand local financial space; and (3) Recommendations for effective policies and strategies to achieve greater policy coherence. 
    • Consolidating a job-rich growth: strategies for local job-creation, skills development and socal protection
      Chapter 5, "Realising a job-rich recovery: strategies for local job-creation, skills development and social protection", outlines the main elements analysed throughout the report focusing on the dimensions of the crisis, the role of local governments, and recovery strategies towards a more sustainable development path. The Chapter outlines development strategies to promote a job-rich recovery and the capacities that countries need to build to implement them with success. A set of ten principles and policy suggestions for governments and socio-economic actors to accelerate this transition conclude the chapter.
    • Note on the Authors
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