OECD Economics Department Working Papers

ISSN :
1815-1973 (en ligne)
DOI :
10.1787/18151973
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Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.

The views expressed in these papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or of the governments of its member countries.

 

Work Incentives and Universal Credit

Reform of the Benefit System in the United Kingdom You or your institution have access to this content

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Auteur(s):
Jon Kristian Pareliussen1
Author Affiliations
  • 1: OCDE, France

Date de publication
08 mars 2012
Bibliographic information
N°:
1033
Pages
42
DOI
10.1787/5k49lcn89rkf-en

Cacher / Voir l'abstract

Under the Universal Credit reform, the main means-tested benefits except the Council Tax Benefit will be pooled into one single benefit with one single taper rate. The reform will give people better incentives to work, reduce complexity and contribute to reducing poverty. The reform could reduce the number of workless households by between 45 000 and 240 000 and increase labour supply by the equivalent of 15 000-85 000 full-time employees. Increased take-up and increased entitlements for low income families will further reduce poverty and increase equality. However, the cost of childcare remains high even after taking childcare benefits into account. Despite significant improvements, childcare expenses will continue to be a hurdle to progress in work for second earners and lone parents, even after the Universal Credit reform.
Mots-clés:
United Kingdom, Universal credit, welfare reform, child care, work incentives, lone parents, poverty, benefit system, inequality, second earners
Classification JEL:
  • D31: Microeconomics / Distribution / Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions
  • H31: Public Economics / Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents / Household
  • H55: Public Economics / National Government Expenditures and Related Policies / Social Security and Public Pensions
  • I38: Health, Education, and Welfare / Welfare and Poverty / Government Policy; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs