OECD Economics Department Working Papers

ISSN :
1815-1973 (en ligne)
DOI :
10.1787/18151973
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Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.

The views expressed in these papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or of the governments of its member countries.

 

Policies for Inclusive Urbanisation in China You or your institution have access to this content

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Auteur(s):
Vincent Koen1, Richard Herd1, Xiao Wang1, Thomas Chalaux1
Author Affiliations
  • 1: OCDE, France

Date de publication
10 oct 2013
Bibliographic information
N°:
1090
Pages
85
DOI
10.1787/5k3xz6hc2z0x-en

Cacher / Voir l'abstract

Urbanisation in China has long been held back by various restrictions on land and internal migration but has taken off since the 1990s, as these impediments started to be gradually relaxed. People have moved in large numbers to richer cities, where productivity is higher and has increased further thanks to agglomeration effects. In the process, the rural-urban income differential has narrowed. Urbanisation also entails costs, however, notably in the form of congestion, all the more so as public transport provision has not kept up. Demand for living space is set to continue to increase as living standards improve, putting pressure on land prices. This can be offset by relaxing the very stringent restrictions on the use of agricultural land for building. For migrants to better integrate in the cities where they work, their access and that of their families to education, health and other social services must continue to improve, in particular via further changes to the registration system, coupled with more market-based rules on land ownership and use.
Mots-clés:
housing, urbanisation, hukou, migration, social services, pollution, urban-rural divide, land, China, public transport, congestion, agriculture, scale economies, agglomeration effects, cities
Classification JEL:
  • D63: Microeconomics / Welfare Economics / Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
  • H23: Public Economics / Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue / Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
  • H41: Public Economics / Publicly Provided Goods / Public Goods
  • H51: Public Economics / National Government Expenditures and Related Policies / Government Expenditures and Health
  • H52: Public Economics / National Government Expenditures and Related Policies / Government Expenditures and Education
  • H53: Public Economics / National Government Expenditures and Related Policies / Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
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  • J61: Labor and Demographic Economics / Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies / Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
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  • K39: Law and Economics / Other Substantive Areas of Law / Other
  • N35: Economic History / Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy / Asia including Middle East
  • O18: Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth / Economic Development / Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
  • O53: Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth / Economywide Country Studies / Asia including Middle East
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  • P25: Economic Systems / Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies / Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics
  • P26: Economic Systems / Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies / Political Economy; Property Rights
  • P27: Economic Systems / Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies / Performance and Prospects
  • P28: Economic Systems / Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies / Natural Resources; Energy; Environment
  • Q15: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Agriculture / Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
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  • R12: Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics / General Regional Economics / Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity
  • R14: Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics / General Regional Economics / Land Use Patterns
  • R21: Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics / Household Analysis / Housing Demand
  • R23: Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics / Household Analysis / Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics
  • R28: Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics / Household Analysis / Government Policy
  • R31: Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics / Real Estate Markets, Production Analysis, and Firm Location / Housing Supply and Markets
  • R38: Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics / Real Estate Markets, Production Analysis, and Firm Location / Government Policy; Regulatory Policy
  • R41: Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics / Transportation Systems / Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
  • R48: Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics / Transportation Systems / Government Pricing and Policy
  • R52: Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics / Regional Government Analysis / Land Use and Other Regulations
  • R58: Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics / Regional Government Analysis / Regional Development Planning and Policy