OECD Economics Department Working Papers

The negative effect of regulatory divergence on foreign direct investment
1815-1973 (en ligne)
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Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.

The views expressed in these papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or of the governments of its member countries.

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Page: 1 (N° 1268) … , 2 (N° 1216) , 3 (N° 1166) , 4 (N° 1116) … 26 (N° 14) | Suivant
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  N° 1166   25 sep 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-effect-of-the-global-financial-crisis-on-oecd-potential-output_5jxwtl8h75bw-en
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The Effect of the Global Financial Crisis on OECD Potential Output
Patrice Ollivaud, David Turner
This paper estimates potential output losses from the global financial crisis by comparing recent OECD published projections with a counter-factual assuming a continuation of pre-crisis productivity trends and a trend employment rate which is sensitive to demographic trends. Among the 19 OECD...
  N° 1165   09 déc 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/determinants-of-households-investment-in-energy-efficiency-and-renewables_5jxwtlchggzn-en
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Determinants of Households' Investment in Energy Efficiency and Renewables
Nadia Ameli, Nicola Brandt
Many studies on household energy efficiency investments suggest that a wide range of seemingly profitable investments are not taken up. This paper provides novel evidence on the main factors behind consumer choices using the OECD Survey on Household Environmental Behaviour and Attitudes. The...
  N° 1164   16 sep 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/addressing-high-household-debt-in-korea_5jxx0558mfbv-en
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Addressing High Household Debt in Korea
Randall S. Jones, Myungkyoo Kim
Rising household debt has become a major policy concern in Korea. By the end of 2012, it had risen to 164% of disposable income, well above the OECD average of 133%. In addition to the economic impact and the risk to the financial sector, it raises social cohesion issues, as households with low...
  N° 1163   16 sep 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/reducing-the-high-rate-of-poverty-among-the-elderly-in-korea_5jxx054fv20v-en
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Reducing the High Rate of Poverty Among the Elderly in Korea
Randall S. Jones, Satoshi Urasawa
One-half of Korea's population aged 65 and over lives in relative poverty, nearly four times higher than the OECD average of 13%. Elderly poverty is thus an urgent social problem. The immediate priority is to target the Basic Old-Age Pension on the lowest-income elderly to ensure that they...
  N° 1162   16 sep 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/promoting-the-financing-of-smes-and-start-ups-in-korea_5jxx054bdlvh-en
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Promoting the Financing of SMEs and Start-ups in Korea
Randall S. Jones, Myungkyoo Kim
The Korean government has made fostering a "creative economy" a top priority. The goal is to shift Korea's economic paradigm to one based on innovation in which new start-ups and venture businesses play a key role. However, the venture capital market is still at an early stage of development....
  N° 1161   16 sep 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/fostering-inclusive-growth-in-turkey-by-promoting-structural-change-in-the-business-sector_5jxx0554v07c-en
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Fostering Inclusive Growth in Turkey by Promoting Structural Change in the Business Sector
Rauf Gönenç, Oliver Röhn, Vincent Koen, Fethi Öğünç
Turkey’s business sector dynamism has underpinned broad-based and inclusive growth in the 2000s. However, the business sector is highly segmented, with a relatively small core of modern high-productivity corporations, and myriad small, less formal and low-productivity entities. This hampers...
  N° 1160   16 sep 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/reducing-macroeconomic-imbalances-in-turkey_5jxx055pjf0x-en
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Reducing Macroeconomic Imbalances in Turkey
Oliver Röhn, Rauf Gönenç, Vincent Koen, Evren Erdoğan Coşar
Turkey recovered swiftly from the global financial crisis but sizeable macroeconomic imbalances arose in the process. High consumer price inflation and a wide current account deficit are sources of vulnerability. Even though below-potential growth helps rebalancing and disinflation, these...
  N° 1159   08 sep 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/reinvigorating-the-eu-single-market_5jxx3d3hk437-en
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Reinvigorating the EU Single Market
Jean-Marc Fournier
The EU Single Market remains fragmented by complex and heterogeneous rules at the EU and national levels affecting trade, capital, including foreign direct investment, and labour mobility. Further development of the Single Market and removing barriers to external trade would bring substantial...
  N° 1158   26 août 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/an-exploration-of-the-determinants-of-the-subjective-well-being-of-americans-during-the-great-recession_5jxzc9p57lq3-en
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An Exploration of the Determinants of the Subjective Well-being of Americans During the Great Recession
Aida Caldera Sánchez, Caroline Tassot
This paper uses data from the American Life Panel to understand the determinants of well-being in the United States during the Great Recession. It investigates how various dimensions of subjective wellbeing reflected in the OECD Better Life Framework impact subjective well-being. The results...
  N° 1157   28 août 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/boosting-the-development-of-efficient-smes-in-the-netherlands_5jxz9xztql6f-en
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Boosting the Development of Efficient SMEs in the Netherlands
Rafał Kierzenkowski, Jochebed Kastaneer
Entrepreneurship is an important driver of economic growth, job creation and competitiveness. However, the small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) sector has been severely affected by the crisis, with access to bank finance being particularly difficult. Various government-sponsored schemes...
  N° 1156   28 août 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/making-the-banking-sector-more-resilient-and-reducing-household-debt-in-the-netherlands_5jxz9z0fhcwj-en
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Making the Banking Sector More Resilient and Reducing Household Debt in the Netherlands
Rafał Kierzenkowski, Olena Havrylchyk, Pierre Beynet
Dutch banks were put under heavy strains early in the global downturn and have comparatively weak financial buffers to cope with new shocks. Falling house prices have increased the share of households with negative home equity to nearly 35% for home-owning households and 40% for mortgage...
  N° 1155   24 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/us-long-term-interest-rates-and-capital-flows-to-emerging-economies_5jz0wh67l733-en
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US Long Term Interest Rates and Capital Flows to Emerging Economies
Eduardo Olaberria
Following Chairman Ben Bernanke’s comments before Congress that the FOMC may ‘take a step down in the pace of asset purchases if economic improvement appears to be sustained’, US 10-year interest rates picked up sharply and gross capital flows to emerging market economies (EMEs) reversed. These...
  N° 1154   24 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/productivity-measurement-with-natural-capital-and-bad-outputs_5jz0wh5t0ztd-en
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Productivity Measurement with Natural Capital and Bad Outputs
Nicola Brandt, Paul Schreyer, Vera Zipperer
This paper presents a productivity growth measure that explicitly accounts for natural capital as an input factor and for undesirable goods, or "bads", as an output of the production process. The discussion focuses on the extension of productivity measurement for bad outputs and estimates of...
  N° 1153   24 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/reducing-income-inequality-and-poverty-and-promoting-social-mobility-in-korea_5jz0wh6l5p7l-en
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Reducing Income Inequality and Poverty and Promoting Social Mobility in Korea
Randall S. Jones, Satoshi Urasawa
To strengthen social cohesion, a top government priority, it is essential to address the labour market roots of inequality by breaking down dualism to reduce the share of non-regular workers and to boost the employment ratio toward the government’s 70% target. Education reforms are also...
  N° 1152   26 août 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/fostering-a-creative-economy-to-drive-korean-growth_5jz0wh8xkrf6-en
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Fostering a Creative Economy to Drive Korean Growth
Randall S. Jones, Myungkyoo Kim
A creative economy requires innovation-friendly conditions. Korea’s innovation system should be improved by upgrading universities and expanding their role in business R&D, while increasing international collaboration in R&D from its current low level. The returns from Korea’s large investment...
  N° 1151   21 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/economic-uncertainties-and-their-impact-on-activity-in-greece-compared-with-ireland-and-portugal_5jz0zb5h7ff2-en
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Economic Uncertainties and their Impact on Activity in Greece compared with Ireland and Portugal
Jan-David Schneider, Claude Giorno
Uncertainty faced by households and firms affects economic activity. The rise in uncertainty since the beginning of the sovereign debt crisis in Greece could be one factor that has contributed to the steep and long-lasting recession. This paper presents a brief empirical analysis quantifying...
  N° 1150   21 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/workplace-stress-in-the-united-states_5jz0zb5t4532-en
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Workplace Stress in the United States
Michael Darden
Despite relative affluence, workplace stress is a prominent feature of the US labour market. To the extent that job stress causes poor health outcomes – either directly through increased blood pressure, fatigue, muscle pain, etc. or indirectly through increased rates of cigarette smoking –...
  N° 1149   21 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/taxing-the-rent-of-non-renewable-resource-sectors_5jz0zb620vr1-en
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Taxing the Rent of Non-Renewable Resource Sectors
Julien Daubanes, Saraly Andrade de Sá
This study analyses the economic rent generated by the exploitation of a non-renewable resource, and the taxation of this rent. We present a synthetic model of a non-renewable-resource sector where deposits must be costly developed before they are exploited; the analysis emphasizes the effect...
  N° 1148   21 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/health-work-and-working-conditions_5jz0zb71xhmr-en
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Health, Work and Working Conditions
Thomas Barnay
Economists have traditionally been very cautious when studying the interaction between employment and health because of the two-way causal relationship between these two variables: health status influences the probability of being employed and, at the same time, working affects the health...
  N° 1147   21 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/making-the-best-of-new-energy-resources-in-the-united-states_5jz0zbb8ksnr-en
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Making the Best of New Energy Resources in the United States
Douglas Sutherland
Since around 2007, the country has been enjoying an "energy renaissance" thanks to its abundant stocks of shale oil and gas. The resurgence in oil and gas production is beginning to create discernible economic impacts and has changed the landscape for natural gas prices in the United States,...
  N° 1146   21 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/improving-well-being-in-the-united-states_5jz0zbc80tvl-en
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Improving Well-Being in the United States
Aida Caldera Sánchez, Patrick Lenain, Sarah Flèche
Life is quite good in the United States compared to other OECD countries, thanks to strong economic growth and technological progress having lifted average income to high levels. Nonetheless, there is evidence that the benefits from growth have not been sufficiently broad based. Self-reported...
  N° 1145   21 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/deconstructing-canada-s-housing-markets_5jz0zbg20h34-en
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Deconstructing Canada's Housing Markets
Calista Cheung
House prices have increased significantly in Canada over the past decade, driving household debt and residential construction activity to historical highs. Although macro-prudential tightening has slowed the pace of household borrowing in the last few years, house prices have continued to trend...
  N° 1144   15 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/women-s-role-in-the-swiss-economy_5jz123dzstkb-en
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Women's Role in the Swiss Economy
Richard Dutu
Swiss women are now as well educated as their male counterparts. However, progress remains to be made in the job market where both the supply and price of female labour are below that of men. While the participation rate for women is high and rising, it is offset by a heavy incidence of...
  N° 1143   15 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/overcoming-skills-shortages-in-canada_5jz123fgkxjl-en
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Overcoming Skills Shortages in Canada
David Carey
Skills shortages have developed in certain fields and regions in recent years. Earnings premiums for people in some professions, notably health, engineering and skilled trades have increased. And vacancy rates have risen for skilled trades, with the increase being particularly large in Alberta...
  N° 1142   01 déc 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/trade-patterns-in-the-2060-world-economy_5jxrmdk5f86j-en
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Trade Patterns in the 2060 World Economy
Jean Château, Lionel Fontagné, Jean Fouré, Åsa Johansson, Eduardo Olaberría
This paper presents long-term trade scenarios for the world economy up to 2060 based on a modelling approach that combines aggregate growth projections for the world with a detailed computable general equilibrium sectoral trade model. The analysis suggests that over the next 50 years, the...
  N° 1141   15 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-demand-for-skills-1995-2008_5jz123g0f5lp-en
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The Demand for Skills 1995-2008
Bart Los, Marcel P. Timmer, Gaaitzen J. De Vries
We propose a new method to analyse the changing skills structure of employment in countries based on the input-output structure of the world economy. Demand for jobs, characterized by skill type and industry of employment, is driven by changes in technology, trade and consumption. Using...
  N° 1140   17 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/international-migration-the-relationship-with-economic-and-policy-factors-in-the-home-and-destination-country_5jz123h8nd7l-en
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International Migration: The Relationship with Economic and Policy Factors in the Home and Destination Country
Ben Westmore
Unfavourable demographic trends in many OECD countries threaten the sustainability of potential labour resources, GDP growth and fiscal positions. One factor that is expected to mitigate these trends is continued inflows of migrant workers from low income economies. However, a rapid catch-up in...
  N° 1139   15 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/gross-earning-inequalities-in-oecd-countries-and-major-non-member-economies_5jz123k7s8bv-en
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Gross Earning Inequalities in OECD Countries and Major Non-member Economies
Henrik Braconier, Jenifer Ruiz-Valenzuela
Income and earning inequality has been on the rise in most of the OECD and in many emerging economies since the 1980s. This paper estimates a model of earnings inequality across OECD countries that incorporates determinants of relative demand and supply of more and less-skilled labour. Drawing...
  N° 1138   25 mars 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/determinants-of-tertiary-graduations_5js4hmvns9hh-en
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Determinants of Tertiary Graduations
Henrik Braconier
This paper proposes and estimates a model of demand for and supply of graduations in tertiary education, which is then used to construct forward-looking scenarios for graduation rates by country. Consistent with evidence that economic returns to education have remained high in spite of rising...
  N° 1137   05 sep 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/managerial-capital-and-business-r-d-as-enablers-of-productivity-convergence_5jxx3d441knr-en
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Managerial Capital and Business R&D as Enablers of Productivity Convergence
Dan Andrews, Ben Westmore
This paper explores the role of managerial capital and business research and development (R&D) in fostering multifactor productivity (MFP) convergence in a panel of 42 countries. The OECD long-term growth model is augmented to show that, in addition to trade openness, an economy’s speed of...
  N° 1136   04 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/long-term-patterns-of-trade-and-specialisation_5jz158tbddbr-en
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Long-term Patterns of Trade and Specialisation
Åsa Johansson, Eduardo Olaberria
This paper presents descriptive evidence of specialisation trends and investigates empirically their causes and consequences, analysing the role of policies in this process. Then, based on the insights from the backward looking analysis, it draws global trade and specialisation scenarios up to...
  N° 1135   30 juin 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/consequences-of-climate-change-damages-for-economic-growth_5jz2bxb8kmf3-en
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Consequences of Climate Change Damages for Economic Growth
Rob Dellink, Elisa Lanzi, Jean Château, Francesco Bosello, Ramiro Parrado, Kelly de Bruin
This report focuses on the effects of climate change impacts on economic growth. Simulations with the OECD’s dynamic global general equilibrium model ENV-Linkages assess the consequences of a selected number of climate change impacts in the various world regions at the macroeconomic and...
  N° 1134   03 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/comparing-the-robustness-of-payg-pension-schemes_5jz158w3ghmx-en
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Comparing the Robustness of PAYG Pension Schemes
Falilou Fall
This paper provides a framework for comparing a defined benefit (DB) and a defined contribution (DC) point schemes, which are both pay-as-you go (PAYG) financed. Two stylised PAYG pension schemes are modelled and simulated to compare their robustness to shocks. The same demographic...
  N° 1133   03 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/overcoming-vulnerabilities-of-pension-systems_5jz1591prxth-en
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Overcoming Vulnerabilities of Pension Systems
Falilou Fall, Debra Bloch
Demographic developments are unfavourable for the financing of pension schemes in most OECD countries, implying continued growth in pension expenditure in virtually all OECD countries. This paper examines the vulnerability of pension systems, with an emphasis on financial sustainability and...
  N° 1132   03 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/overcoming-vulnerabilities-of-health-care-systems_5jz159228n6j-en
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Overcoming Vulnerabilities of Health Care Systems
Mauro Pisu
This paper investigates the vulnerabilities of health care systems in OECD and BRIICS countries to adverse secular trends and large macroeconomic shocks. It identifies policies that can ally vulnerabilities considering the institutional setting of health care systems, such as the public-private...
  N° 1131   03 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/overcoming-vulnerability-of-unemployment-insurance-schemes_5jz1592jj48r-en
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Overcoming Vulnerability of Unemployment Insurance Schemes
Jon Kristian Pareliussen
Unemployment insurance is a key tool for risk sharing and redistribution and also a prominent automatic stabiliser. It is a volatile spending item by design, which can lead to vulnerabilities. This paper explores various shocks and sources of vulnerability of the unemployment insurance schemes...
  N° 1130   03 jui 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/vulnerability-of-social-institutions_5jz1592t3646-en
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Vulnerability of Social Institutions
Falilou Fall, Mauro Pisu, Jon Kristian Pareliussen, Debra Bloch
The recent economic crisis has provided a stress test for the vulnerability of social institutions. This paper assesses the vulnerability of social institutions in light of the current crisis, and surveys past episodes, when social institutions faced similar challenges. Public pay-as-you-go...
  N° 1129   23 juin 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/an-update-of-the-oecd-international-trade-equations_5jz2bxbkrxmv-en
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An Update of the OECD International Trade Equations
Myriam Morin, Cyrille Schwellnus
This paper provides a detailed description of recent research to re-estimate and re-specify the international trade volume and price equations that are used in the OECD Economics Department to analyse and project international trade developments. The set of countries covered by the estimations...
  N° 1128   18 juin 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/what-explains-the-volume-and-composition-of-trade_5jz2hz3tm6vj-en
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What Explains the Volume and Composition of Trade?
Åsa Johansson, Przemyslaw Kowalski, Eduardo Olaberría, Dario Pellegrino
This paper quantifies the importance of different determinants of trade at the industry level using a sample of 54 OECD and non-OECD economies. The empirical methodology extends the approach of previous empirical studies to explicitly quantify the impact that trading partners’ factor endowments...
  N° 1127   17 juin 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/do-resources-flow-to-patenting-firms_5jz2lpmk0gs6-en
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Do Resources Flow to Patenting Firms?
Dan Andrews, Chiara Criscuolo, Carlo Menon
This paper exploits longitudinal data on firm performance and patenting activity for 23 OECD countries over the period 2003-2010 to explore the extent to which changes in the patent stock are associated with flows of capital and labour to patenting firms. While the finding that patenting is...
  N° 1126   11 juin 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/macroprudential-policy-tools-in-norway_5jz2mm2vbhjk-en
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Macroprudential Policy Tools in Norway
Yosuke Jin, Patrick Lenain, Paul O'Brien
In Norway house prices have risen to high levels, associated with very strong credit growth, in a context of low interest rates. Such a combination was in many countries a contributory factor to the 2008- 09 crisis. The Norwegian authorities have been well aware of the problem. Below-target...
  N° 1125   04 juin 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/strengthening-competition-in-poland_5jz2pwzpzvkg-en
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Strengthening Competition in Poland
Balázs Égert, Antoine Goujard
Poland’s productivity has grown strongly over the past decade, and efforts to reduce the regulatory burden have been significant. Despite impressive progress, product market regulation remains more burdensome than in most OECD countries, partly due to the importance of red tape and the level of...
  N° 1124   04 juin 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/making-the-labour-market-work-better-in-poland_5jz2pwf4wd41-en
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Making the Labour Market Work Better in Poland
Hervé Boulhol
Poor labour-market outcomes remain one of Poland’s major structural weaknesses, impeding firms’ competitiveness and the nation’s potential output. Boosting employment prospects is also critical, as the country will soon be ageing at a fast pace. Despite long working hours, labour utilisation is...
  N° 1123   04 juin 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/enhancing-competition-and-the-business-environment-in-hungary_5jz2pwfr0nzq-en
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Enhancing Competition and the Business Environment in Hungary
Alvaro Pina
Over the past decade, the growth potential of the Hungarian economy has declined substantially. Trend productivity has ceased to increase, and investment has fallen to historically low levels. To an important extent, the explanation lies in a business environment characterised by high...
  N° 1122   04 juin 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/tackling-labour-mismatches-and-promoting-mobility-in-hungary_5jz2px6jtpmt-en
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Tackling Labour Mismatches and Promoting Mobility in Hungary
Stéphane Sorbe
Significant labour market mismatches and insufficient mobility penalise employment and productivity. Mismatches have above all a skills dimension, with an excess of low-skilled workers and a possible lack of skilled workers in certain domains. Reducing the high tax wedge on low salaries and...
  N° 1121   03 juin 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/local-public-finances-and-municipal-reform-in-finland_5jz2qt0zj024-en
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Local Public Finances and Municipal Reform in Finland
Christophe André, Clara García
Finnish municipalities enjoy ample fiscal autonomy and provide or arrange the provision of a large share of public services. In recent years, their spending and debt has been increasing steadily, especially because of population ageing and increases in the cost of health care and social...
  N° 1120   03 juin 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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The Economic Consequences of Ageing: The Case of Finland
Christine de la Maisonneuve, Christophe André, Clara García, Vincent Koen
Finland’s population is set to age rapidly in the coming decades. This will put pressure on public finances, while shrinking labour resources. Nonetheless, solutions exist to alleviate those pressures. Adjusting the pension age in line with the rise in life expectancy would reduce pension costs...
  N° 1119   03 juin 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/making-the-most-of-skills-in-denmark_5jz2qt4crff8-en
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Making the Most of Skills in Denmark
Stéphanie Jamet, Vincent Koen
Surveys suggest that Denmark ranks close to or slightly above the OECD average in terms of student and adult skills, even though Denmark spends more than many OECD countries on education, labour market policies and adult learning. Sluggish productivity growth over the past two decades raises...
  N° 1118   03 juin 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/trade-specialisation-and-policies-to-foster-competition-and-innovation-in-denmark_5jz2qt5h7m6g-en
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Trade Specialisation and Policies to Foster Competition and Innovation in Denmark
Muge Adalet McGowan
Danish productivity has grown only weakly over the past two decades, both historically and in relation to other countries, despite sound policies and institutions. At the same time, the country has lost export market shares. Denmark needs to continue its efforts to reap the benefits of...
  N° 1117   02 juin 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/policies-for-making-the-chilean-labour-market-more-inclusive_5jz2r9j3f0r6-en
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Policies for Making the Chilean Labour Market More Inclusive
Aida Caldera Sánchez
Economic growth and recent policy reforms have increased employment and reduced overall poverty in Chile. Yet there are some groups that remain at the margins of the labour market and could benefit from and contribute more to growth. Women and young people have entered the labour force in...
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