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Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.
The views expressed in these papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or of the governments of its member countries.
Improving Employment Prospects for Young Workers in Spain
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- Anita Wölfl1
- Author Affiliations
- 1: OECD, France
- 27 mars 2013
- Bibliographic information
The unemployment rate among young people has reached painfully high levels, in particular among those young people with low levels of education. There are two crucial policy priorities to improve employment prospects for youth in Spain. First, in the very short term, there is need for quick action to target welldesigned active labour market programmes to the most disadvantaged youth and provide more job-search assistance and guidance for all youth experiencing difficulties in finding a job in the current labour market. Second, the current crisis is an opportunity to tackle some of the structural weaknesses in the Spanish youth labour market. This implies in particular reforms to prevent youth from dropping out of education at a very early stage and to improve the school to work transition of young people. Key issues are to better match skills acquired in education to those asked for by businesses, as well as to establish an effective system of vocational education, and to reduce remaining demand side barriers, notably labour market duality and a rigid collective bargaining system, which both have prevented an efficient allocation of labour resources in the past and a flexible adjustment during the crisis. This Working Paper relates to the 2012 OECD Economic Survey of Spain (www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/spain).
- skills, youth unemployment, labour market, employment protection legislation, vocational education, education systems, wage bargaining, dual labour market, Spain
- Classification JEL:
- I20: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / General
- I21: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Analysis of Education
- I22: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Educational Finance; Financial Aid
- I23: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Higher Education; Research Institutions
- J20: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demand and Supply of Labor / General
- J24: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demand and Supply of Labor / Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
- J52: Labor and Demographic Economics / Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining / Dispute Resolution: Strikes, Arbitration, and Mediation; Collective Bargaining
- J65: Labor and Demographic Economics / Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers / Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings
- J68: Labor and Demographic Economics / Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers / Public Policy