OECD Guidelines for Micro Statistics on Household Wealth

OECD Guidelines for Micro Statistics on Household Wealth You do not have access to this content

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Auteur(s):
OCDE
Date de publication :
12 juin 2013
Pages :
280
ISBN :
9789264194878 (PDF) ; 9789264194861 (imprimé)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264194878-en

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This publication presents an internationally agreed set of guidelines for producing micro statistics on household wealth, It addresses the common conceptual, definitional and practical problems that countries face in producing such statistics, and are meant to improve the comparability of the currently available country data. The Guidelines, prepared by an international expert group working under the auspices of the OECD,  propose a set of standard concepts, definitions and classifications for micro wealth statistics, and cover different phases in the statistical production process, including sources and methods for measuring particular forms of wealth, best practice in using household surveys or other sources to compile wealth statistics, the development of analytic measures, the dissemination of data, and data quality assurance.

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    Foreword

    Much of the recent work on developing metrics to go beyond GDP has focused on non-monetary dimensions of people’s well-being, i.e. on their quality of life. However, there are also important limits to the available information needed to adequately measure economic well-being, understood as people’s command over resources or material living conditions. Understanding and improving people’s well-being requires improved evidence in both areas in order to better inform policy-makers and citizens alike of where, when, and for whom life is getting better or worse. This is particularly important at a time when the most severe and prolonged recession in our life time still imposes a large toll on the lives of many people across the world.

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    Preface

    These Guidelines for Micro Statistics on Household Wealth presents, for the first time, an internationally agreed set of guidelines for producing micro statistics on household wealth. They fill an important gap in the existing international guidance on measuring the various dimensions of people’s economic well-being. They address the common conceptual, definitional and practical problems that countries face in producing such statistics, and are meant to improve the comparability of the currently available country data. They are also needed to facilitate the integration of micro statistics on household wealth with those relating to the other dimensions of economic well-being, i.e. income and consumption.

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    Executive summary

    This publication presents, for the first time, an internationally agreed set of guidelines for producing micro statistics on household wealth. These guidelines fill an important gap in the existing international guidance on measuring the various dimensions of people’s economic well-being.

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    Introduction

    This publication presents, for the first time, an internationally agreed set of guidelines for producing micro statistics on household wealth. These guidelines fill an important gap in the existing international guidance on measuring the various dimensions of people’s economic well-being. This introductory chapter describes the purpose of the guidelines, how they were developed, and their relationship with other international standards. The chapter concludes with a broad overview of the structure and content of the document.

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    Overview of household wealth statistics

    This chapter discusses the need for, and importance of, information on household wealth, the objectives of micro statistics on this topic and the current availability of such statistics. It also considers some strategies for better integrating micro statistics on household wealth with other statistics. It concludes with an overview of several international initiatives on data collection and measurement in this field.

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    Standard concepts, definitions and classifications for household wealth statistics

    This chapter describes the conceptual framework for micro statistics on household wealth. The basic concepts and general principles for these statistics are introduced along with key definitions, standard components and standard classifications. The term wealth, as used here, covers both the assets and liabilities of households.

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    Data sources and methods for producing household wealth statistics

    This chapter describes the different types of sources and methods that are used to collect and compile household wealth statistics, and discusses the ways in which they are used. The main strengths and weaknesses of the different approaches are presented, with the aim of assisting countries to determine the best approach in particular circumstances.

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    Measurement guidelines for standard components of household wealth

    This chapter focuses on how the standard components for micro statistics on household wealth, specified in , are best measured using sound, consistent methodology. For each standard component or group of components, the main measurement issues are considered in depth, and practical guidance is provided in the light of data collection experience from countries that produce statistics in this field.

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    Measuring household wealth through surveys

    This chapter discusses the use of surveys for producing reliable and relevant wealth statistics for households. Sample surveys have been employed for many decades for measuring household income and expenditure, but regular and broad use for the collection of wealth information is more recent. The challenges for practical implementation are discussed.

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    Analytic measures

    This chapter considers ways in which the usefulness of micro-level data on household wealth produced using the sources and methods discussed in can be maximised through statistical analysis and presentation. The discussion covers a range of analytic measures that can be derived from the basic data. Empirical examples are provided where appropriate.

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    Dissemination

    It can be challenging to determine how to present wealth data in a way that is useful to a variety of users, particularly because of the importance of this data in understanding the economic situation in each country. This chapter provides guidance in this field.

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    Quality assurance for household wealth statistics

    This chapter focuses on the quality assurance of statistics on household wealth to ensure their fitness for purpose. It provides guidelines on best practice methods of assessing quality. These guidelines complement those on measurement, analysis and dissemination in previous chapters. They are intended for use by both data producers and data users.

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    Bibliography
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      Eurosystem household finance and consumption survey

      In 2008, the Governing Council of the European Central BankThe ECB Governing Council is the body governing the Eurosystem, i.e. the ECB and the National Central Banks of the 17 countries that have adopted the euro. decided to conduct a household finance and consumption survey (HFCS) in all euro area countries. The HFCS provides the Eurosystem with micro-level data on euro area households’ wealth and consumption expenditure.

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      Luxembourg Wealth Study – A case for increased ex ante comparability of data sources

      This Annex describes the Luxembourg Wealth Study (LWS) Database in terms of experience in the process of ex post harmonisation. It presents the basic concepts and general principles applied by the LWS on household wealth, and it specifies the key definitions, standard components and standard classifications for wealth components. It also gives brief descriptions of the definitions of supplemental variables available in the LWS database, namely household income and consumption, labour market information and behavioural attitudes toward finance. It highlights the need for internationally agreed definitions of various household wealth components.

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      Differences between micro and macro measures of household wealth

      This Annex provides a comprehensive list of the differences between these guidelines for micro statistics on household wealth and those in the 2008 SNA for macro statistics on this subject. While the differences are identified and discussed throughout the document, they are gathered here, in one place, for the convenience of readers.

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      Inventory of country methodologies for producing micro wealth statistics

      This Annex presents the detailed results of a questionnaire designed by the Expert Group to compare and make an inventory of country methodologies for producing micro wealth statistics. Countries were asked to provide detailed information on their main wealth surveys, grouped under four main headings: i) main features; ii) wealth classification; iii) coverage and collection; and iv) dissemination practices.

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      Household definitions in other statistical standards

      This Annex discusses the household concepts and definitions provided in several other statistical standards used in measuring the economic circumstances of households. These standards, which are referred to in , are:

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