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Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.
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Enhancing Labour Utilisation in a Socially Inclusive Society in Australia
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- Vassiliki Koutsogeorgopoulou1
- Author Affiliations
- 1: OECD, France
- 01 avr 2011
- Bibliographic information
Australia faces the mutually reinforced challenges of boosting labour supply and promoting social inclusion. Labour underutilisation is especially prevalent among groups such as lone parents, people with disability, and Indigenous Australians. These are also groups at greatest risk of social exclusion. Thus better integration of these groups into the labour market would enhance inclusion. In general, labour utilisation can be increased by training, improving the functioning of labour market institutions, reforming the tax and transfer system, and maintaining labour market flexibility. Beyond labour market policies, the multiplicity, inter-relatedness and complexity of social inclusion problems call for a comprehensive and integrated approach focusing on individual needs. The elements of the strategy include an education system that better promotes equity and integrated service approaches to help people with disabilities and the homeless. Recent efforts in all these areas by the government are welcome.
- disability, education, social inclusion, labour market, homelessness, immigration, tax-transfer system, underutilisation of labour, well-being, exclusion, flexibility
- Classification JEL:
- I30: Health, Education, and Welfare / Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty / General
- I38: Health, Education, and Welfare / Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty / Government Policy; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
- J08: Labor and Demographic Economics / General / Labor Economics Policies
- J21: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demand and Supply of Labor / Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
- J24: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demand and Supply of Labor / Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
- J61: Labor and Demographic Economics / Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers / Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers