OECD Economics Department Working Papers

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Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.

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Do the Average Level and Dispersion of Socio-Economic Background Measures Explain France's Gap in PISA Scores? You or your institution have access to this content

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Hervé Boulhol1, Patrizio Sicari1
Author Affiliations
  • 1: OECD, France

25 fév 2013
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OECD’s PISA publications highlight the impact of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) on students’ results within countries. The focus here is to investigate whether ESCS measures could contribute to differences in aggregate educational outcomes between countries. There is some evidence that, after controlling for education spending and the overall level of economic development, differences in ESCS might account for a substantial amount of France’s gap in average PISA scores with respect to best performing OECD countries, albeit by no means all of it.
socio-economic background, PISA, education, inequality, France
Classification JEL:
  • H52: Public Economics / National Government Expenditures and Related Policies / National Government Expenditures and Education
  • I21: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Analysis of Education
  • I24: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Education and Inequality
  • I25: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Education and Economic Development
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