19 jui 2007
DAC Peer Review of Greece
This review contains the Main Findings and Recommendations of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) and the report of the Secretariat. It was prepared with examiners from Luxembourg and New Zealand for the Peer Review meeting on 22 November 2006. Among the main issues covered were: the welcome move on the part of the Greek government to strengthen its aid policies and development co-operation system and its humanitarian assistance to victims of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami; the significant funding to provide education and health services to large numbers of migrants from the neighbouring region, though these costs are not ODA eligible under the DAC reporting rules; the need to address urgently the challenge of implementing Greece’s political commitment to reach the 0.51% ODA/GNI target by 2010; the need to announce a clear strategy for Greece’s aid as the framework for the medium term programme in terms of country and sector priorities and allocation among aid channels, and to strengthen policy coherence for development as a government objective; the importance of reinforcing public and political support for Greek development co-operation; the need to pursue the consolidation of the development co-operation system and to develop new ways of programming and delivering aid.
19 jui 2007
DAC Peer Review of the United States
This review contains the Main Findings and Recommendations of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) and the report of the Secretariat. It was prepared with examiners from the United Kingdom and Canada for the Peer Review meeting held on 07 December May 2006. The review applauded the major increase in American official development assistance, which reached a record high of USD 27.6 billion in 2005. The Committee commended the United States for raising development to the status of one of three pillars of national foreign policy. Key recommendations included the need to explicitly recognise the key importance of poverty reduction, encouragement for a more explicit approach to the role of policy coherence for development, the need to persist in clarifying the lines of operational responsibility between military and development institutions, support for greater US attention to the Paris Declaration aid effectiveness agenda and encouragement for the joint Department of State and USAID development of an overarching strategic plan to guide humanitarian work.