OECD Development Assistance Peer Reviews

ISSN :
2222-7466 (en ligne)
DOI :
10.1787/22227466
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This series presents reports on Development Assistance Committee peer reviews of the aid programmes and policies of DAC member countries. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every four or five years. Five members are examined annually. The OECD’s Development Co-operation Directorate provides analytical support and is responsible for developing and maintaining the conceptual framework within which the Peer Reviews are undertaken.  The Peer Review is prepared by a team, consisting of representatives of the Secretariat working with officials from two DAC members who are designated as "examiners". The country under review provides a memorandum setting out the main developments in its policies and programmes. Then the Secretariat and the examiners visit the capital to interview officials, parliamentarians, as well as civil society and NGO representatives of the donor country to obtain a first-hand insight into current issues surrounding the development co-operation efforts of the member concerned. Field visits assess how members are implementing the major DAC policies, principles and concerns, and review operations in recipient countries, particularly with regard to poverty reduction, sustainability, gender equality and other aspects of participatory development, and local aid co-ordination.

The Secretariat then prepares a draft report on the member’s development co-operation which is the basis for the DAC review meeting at the OECD. At this meeting senior officials from the member under review respond to questions formulated by the Secretariat in association with the examiners. The reviews contains the Main Findings and Recommendations of the Development Assistance Committee and the report of the Secretariat.

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OECD Development Assistance Peer Reviews: Korea 2012

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Auteur(s):
OCDE
Date de publication :
05 août 2013
Pages :
120
ISBN :
9789264196056 (PDF)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264196056-en

Cacher / Voir l'abstract

Every four years, each of the 24 members of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) with the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the United Nations Development Programme as observers is scrutinised by its peers in the Committee.

Five different member countries are peer reviewed each year.This report assesses the extent to which the development policies, strategies and activities of Korea meet the standards set by the DAC. Members provide constructive criticism and recommendations based on a report that touches on aid policies, volumes, institutions and field operations. There are no sanctions if the country fails to take the recommendations on board. The exercise is meant to encourage positive change, support mutual learning and raise the overall effectiveness of aid throughout the donor community.

Table des matières

List of acronyms
The DAC’S main findings and recommendations

Overview
-Overall framework for development co-operation
-Promoting development beyond aid
-Aid volume and allocation
-Organisation and management
-Improving the impact of development co-operation
-Towards better humanitarian donorship
Chapter 1. Strategic orientations
-Korea is working hard and building a strong reputation in development co-operation
-Korea is reforming its aid and establishing strong foundations
-Challenges ahead
-Ensure that all Korea’s aid delivery channels support a common vision
-Korea needs to strengthen its approach for mainstreaming cross-cutting issues
-Communication and transparency should be strengthened
-Future considerations
Chapter 2. Development Beyond Aid
-Putting in place the building blocks for policy coherence for development
-Korea is increasing its use of whole-of-government approaches
-Future considerations
Chapter 3. Aid volumes, channels and allocations
-Korea needs to sustain increases in its ODA volume
-Korea has a relatively concentrated aid system, but coordination remains a challenge
-Korea’s planning and budgeting process for its ODA should be strengthened
-Allocations: Korea has target ratios for bilateral and multilateral ODA, grants and loans
-Bilateral aid
-Multilateral aid
-Non-ODA flows
-Future considerations
Chapter 4. Organisation and management
-Korea’s development co-operation system: two pillars and two main challenges
-Korea has improved the integration and co-ordination of its aid
-Building on a system that is partly decentralised
-Ensuring Korea has sufficient, appropriate development co-operation staff for scaling up
-Korea is building a stronger evaluation system
-Future considerations
Chapter 5. Aid effectiveness and results
-Korea is committed to aid effectiveness and is trying to improve its performance
-Korea has made progress in most aid effectiveness areas
-Further progress is needed to meet Korea’s aid effectiveness commitments
-Accountability and management for results
-Future considerations
Chapter 6. Humanitarian assistance
-Significant progress in humanitarian work since joining the DAC
-Increasing strategic focus will help manage a broad humanitarian mandate
-Prioritising for a growing programme
-Ensuring the humanitarian system remains "fit for purpose"
-Improving monitoring and performance reporting
-Future considerations
Bibliography
Annex A OECD/DAC Standard Suite of Tables
Annex B Field visit to Cambodia