OECD Development Assistance Peer Reviews

ISSN :
2222-7466 (en ligne)
DOI :
10.1787/22227466
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This series presents reports on Development Assistance Committee peer reviews of the aid programmes and policies of DAC member countries. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every four or five years. Five members are examined annually. The OECD’s Development Co-operation Directorate provides analytical support and is responsible for developing and maintaining the conceptual framework within which the Peer Reviews are undertaken.  The Peer Review is prepared by a team, consisting of representatives of the Secretariat working with officials from two DAC members who are designated as "examiners". The country under review provides a memorandum setting out the main developments in its policies and programmes. Then the Secretariat and the examiners visit the capital to interview officials, parliamentarians, as well as civil society and NGO representatives of the donor country to obtain a first-hand insight into current issues surrounding the development co-operation efforts of the member concerned. Field visits assess how members are implementing the major DAC policies, principles and concerns, and review operations in recipient countries, particularly with regard to poverty reduction, sustainability, gender equality and other aspects of participatory development, and local aid co-ordination.

The Secretariat then prepares a draft report on the member’s development co-operation which is the basis for the DAC review meeting at the OECD. At this meeting senior officials from the member under review respond to questions formulated by the Secretariat in association with the examiners. The reviews contains the Main Findings and Recommendations of the Development Assistance Committee and the report of the Secretariat.

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OECD Development Assistance Peer Reviews: Finland 2012

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Auteur(s):
OCDE
Date de publication :
05 août 2013
Pages :
120
ISBN :
9789264200777 (PDF)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264200777-en

Cacher / Voir l'abstract

Every four years, each of the 24 members of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) with the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the United Nations Development Programme as observers is scrutinised by its peers in the Committee.

Five different member countries are peer reviewed each year. This report assesses the extent to which the development policies, strategies and activities of Finland meet the standards set by the DAC. Members provide constructive criticism and recommendations based on a report that touches on aid policies, volumes, institutions and field operations. There are no sanctions if the country fails to take the recommendations on board. The exercise is meant to encourage positive change, support mutual learning and raise the overall effectiveness of aid throughout the donor community.

Table des matières

List of Acronyms
The DAC’S main findings and recommendations
Chapter 1, Strategic orientations

-Consistent priorities and engaged non-government stakeholders
-Development co-operation: an integral part of foreign policy
-A new development policy that builds on Finnish know-how but needs more focus
-Strengthening public awareness, communication and global education, focusing on results
-Future considerations
Chapter 2, Development beyond aid
-Strong political commitment but mixed performance on co-ordination mechanisms and monitoring and analysis
-Making whole-of-government approaches more strategic
-Future considerations
Chapter 3. Aid volumes, channels and allocations
-Impressive ODA growth comes to a standstill
-Finland’s centralised budget for development co-operation
-Bilateral aid
-CSOs: a need for strengthening complementarities and streamlining procedures
-Multilateral aid: maintain a focus on core contributions and link allocations more closely to performance
-Strong and renewed support to cross-cutting issues
-Aid to support private sector development and trade
-Non-ODA flows
-Future considerations
Chapter 4. Organisation and management
-An integrated structure managing most of ODA that needs clear and systematic approaches
-The ongoing challenge of managing development staff
-Matching decentralisation with implementation needs in the field
-Managing effective and results-based programming
-Management for results: a high priority for the future
-An efficient and independent evaluation unit which makes the best of a limited number of staff
-Future considerations
Chapter 5. Aid effectiveness and results
-Continued strong commitment to making aid more effective
-Progress against targets but more can be achieved
-Strengthening country ownership through capacity building and strategy papers
-Becoming more predictable and transparent
-Aligning with partner country’s priorities
-Dealing with an increasing share of tied aid
-Harmonisation and division of labour
-Future considerations
Chapter. 6 Humanitarian assistance
-Good progress against the 2007 recommendations
-An increasingly strategic focus, and improving support to recovery and risk reduction
-A solid record in partnership, but clearer funding criteria and faster decisions are needed
-Finland’s systems appear fit for purpose, but there will soon be staffing challenges
-Finland should focus its monitoring and learning on its own results
-Future considerations
Bibliography
Annex A. Progress since the 2008 DAC peer review recommendations
Annex B. OECD/DAC Standard Suite of Tables
Annex C. Field visit to NEPAL