OECD Development Assistance Peer Reviews

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This series presents reports on Development Assistance Committee peer reviews of the aid programmes and policies of DAC member countries. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every four or five years. Five members are examined annually. The OECD’s Development Co-operation Directorate provides analytical support and is responsible for developing and maintaining the conceptual framework within which the Peer Reviews are undertaken.  The Peer Review is prepared by a team, consisting of representatives of the Secretariat working with officials from two DAC members who are designated as "examiners". The country under review provides a memorandum setting out the main developments in its policies and programmes. Then the Secretariat and the examiners visit the capital to interview officials, parliamentarians, as well as civil society and NGO representatives of the donor country to obtain a first-hand insight into current issues surrounding the development co-operation efforts of the member concerned. Field visits assess how members are implementing the major DAC policies, principles and concerns, and review operations in recipient countries, particularly with regard to poverty reduction, sustainability, gender equality and other aspects of participatory development, and local aid co-ordination.

The Secretariat then prepares a draft report on the member’s development co-operation which is the basis for the DAC review meeting at the OECD. At this meeting senior officials from the member under review respond to questions formulated by the Secretariat in association with the examiners. The reviews contains the Main Findings and Recommendations of the Development Assistance Committee and the report of the Secretariat.

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OECD Development Assistance Peer Reviews: Canada 2012

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05 août 2013
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9789264200784 (PDF)
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Every four years, each of the 24 members of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) with the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the United Nations Development Programme as observers is scrutinised by its peers in the Committee.

Five different member countries are peer reviewed each year. This report assesses the extent to which the development policies, strategies and activities of Canada meet the standards set by the DAC. Members provide constructive criticism and recommendations based on a report that touches on aid policies, volumes, institutions and field operations. There are no sanctions if the country fails to take the recommendations on board. The exercise is meant to encourage positive change, support mutual learning and raise the overall effectiveness of aid throughout the donor community.

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Table des matières

List of Acronyms
DAC’S Main Findings and Recommendations
Chapter 1. Strategic Orientations

-A strong reputation in development co-operation
-Canada is reforming its aid, but it still needs a clear and consistent vision
-A key opportunity to align all Canada’s aid delivery channels around a common approach
-Canada needs a strategic approach for mainstreaming cross-cutting issues
-Accountability arrangements should be geared towards results and transparency
-Future considerations
Chapter 2. Development Beyond Aid
-The need for greater commitment to policy coherence for development
-Progress in using whole-of-government approaches
-Future considerations
Chapter 3. Aid Volumes, Channels and Allocations
-The need to sustain increases in Canada’s ODA volumes
-A consolidated system for managing development co-operation
-Getting the balance right between bilateral and multilateral channels
-Focusing bilateral ODA better
-Maintaining large and strategic contributions to the multilateral system
-Non-ODA flows
-Future considerations
Chapter 4. Organisation and Management
-Shared responsibility for Canada’s ODA
-Some structural changes since 2007
-Modernising Canada’s development co-operation system
-Canada’s evaluation capacity: upgraded and more effective
-Making the most of Canada’s development co-operation staff
-Future considerations
Chapter 5. Aid Effectiveness and Results
-A commitment to the principles of effective aid, but a mixed performance in practice
-Canada has made progress in some important aid effectiveness areas
-Further progress is needed to meet Canada’s aid effectiveness commitments
-Future considerations
Chapter 6. Humanitarian Assistance
-A consistent, yet cautious, humanitarian donor, without a clear strategy
-Humanitarian funding
-Give CIDA’s solid operational structure greater authority
-Monitoring focuses on partner performance, but not yet on Canada’s results or on learning
-Future considerations
Annex A. Progress Against the 2007 Recommendations
Annex B. OECD/DAC Standard Suite of Tables
Annex C. Field Visit to Ethiopia
Description of Key Terms

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